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Rep. Richard Neal

Representative for Massachusetts’s 1st District

pronounced RI-cherd // neel

Neal is the representative for Massachusetts’s 1st congressional district (view map) and is a Democrat. He has served since Jan 3, 2013. Neal is next up for reelection in 2020.

He was previously the representative for Massachusetts’s 2nd congressional district as a Democrat from 1989 to 2012.

Photo of Rep. Richard Neal [D-MA1]

Oversight & Investigations

  • The President's Tax Returns
    Breaking with a decades-long precedent, Donald Trump has not publicly released his tax returns, either as a candidate in 2016 or as president in 2017 or 2018. Though not currently required by law, this information can shed light on whether a candidate or President has potential financial conflicts of interest. Neal is the chair of the House Ways and Means Committee which will investigate the acquisition of the President's tax returns.

Analysis

Legislative Metrics

Read our 2018 Report Card for Neal.

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Neal is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Neal has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 2015 to Sep 20, 2019. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

Committee Membership

Richard Neal sits on the following committees:

Enacted Legislation

Neal was the primary sponsor of 7 bills that were enacted:

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Does 7 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Neal sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Taxation (35%) Health (26%) Labor and Employment (9%) Finance and Financial Sector (6%) Sports and Recreation (6%) Social Welfare (6%) Science, Technology, Communications (6%) Immigration (6%)

Recent Bills

Some of Neal’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Neal voted Nay

Passed 344/73 on Jan 10, 2017.

H.R. 79 amends the Securities Act of 1933 to clarify that certain startup companies are able to give presentations about their company and host certain ...

Neal voted Nay

Neal voted Nay

Neal voted Yea

Passed 244/154 on Jun 23, 2015.

The Protecting Seniors’ Access to Medicare Act of 2015 would repeal the sections of the Affordable Care Act (otherwise known as Obamacare) that established the ...

Neal voted Nay

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

Neal voted Nay

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

Neal voted Aye

Neal voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Neal voted Nay

Missed Votes

From Jan 1989 to Sep 2019, Neal missed 1,055 of 19,546 roll call votes, which is 5.4%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: