Shelby is the senior senator from Alabama and is a Republican (1994-), previously a Democrat (1987-1994). He has served since Jan 6, 1987. Shelby is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.
He was previously the representative for Alabama’s 7th congressional district as a Democrat from 1979 to 1986.
Read our 2020 Report Card for Shelby.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Richard Shelby sits on the following committees:
Senate Committee on Appropriations
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies, Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies, Energy and Water Development, Financial Services and General Government, Homeland Security, Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies, Legislative Branch, Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies, State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies subcommittees
- Defense subcommittee Ranking Member
- Joint Committee on the Library
- Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
Shelby was the primary sponsor of 29 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 2474 (116th): Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2020
- S. 1900 (116th): Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Humanitarian Assistance and Security at the Southern Border Act, 2019
- S. 3159 (115th): Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2019
- S. 1662 (115th): Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2018
- S. 186 (113th): A bill to award posthumously a Congressional Gold Medal to Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley, in recognition of the 50th anniversary of ...
- S. 3850 (109th): Credit Rating Agency Reform Act of 2006
- S. 2275 (109th): National Flood Insurance Program Enhanced Borrowing Authority Act of 2006
Does 29 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Shelby sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Shelby’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 1653: SMART Act
- S. 1643: Alabama Black Belt National Heritage Area Act
- S.J.Res. 12: A joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States ...
- S.Res. 93: A resolution congratulating the University of Alabama Crimson Tide football team for winning ...
- S. 4320 (116th): Coronavirus Response Additional Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2020
- S. 3363 (116th): Alabama Black Belt National Heritage Area Act
- S.Res. 456 (116th): A resolution recognizing and celebrating the 200th anniversary of the entry of ...
From Jan 1987 to Jun 2021, Shelby missed 220 of 11,424 roll call votes, which is 1.9%. This is on par with the median of 1.6% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO Member Guide for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills