Stone is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1980 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Stone sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 15, 1975 to Dec 16, 1980. See full analysis methodology.
Stone was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- S. 2025 (96th): A bill to establish the Biscayne National Park in the State of Florida, and for other purposes.
- S. 3447 (95th): Agricultural Trade Act
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Stone sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (17%) Social Welfare (17%) International Affairs (17%) Taxation (12%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Agriculture and Food (8%) Energy (8%)
Some of Stone’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S.J.Res. 203 (96th): A joint resolution to authorize and request the President to proclaim the ...
- S. 3118 (96th): A bill to require that the Secretary of Agriculture insure farmers of ...
- S. 3075 (96th): Federal Government Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1980
- S.Con.Res. 114 (96th): A concurrent resolution to express the sense of the Congress with the ...
- S. 2853 (96th): A bill to provide loans under the Fish and Wildlife Act of ...
- S.Con.Res. 100 (96th): A concurrent resolution stating that the Committee on Post Office and Civil ...
- S.Res. 423 (96th): A resolution to disapprove incremental pricing action with regard to natural gas.
From Jan 1975 to Dec 1980, Stone missed 209 of 3,521 roll call votes, which is 5.9%. This is better than the median of 9.2% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 1980. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills