White was the representative for Texas’s 16th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1965 to 1982.
White is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1982 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills White sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1977 to Dec 21, 1982. See full analysis methodology.
White was the primary sponsor of 10 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 4625 (97th): A bill to authorize the Secretary of the Army to return to the Federal Republic of Germany certain works of art seized by the United States Army ...
- H.R. 7682 (96th): A bill to amend title 10, United States Code, to provide greater flexibility for the Armed Forces in ordering Reserves to active duty, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 7161 (95th): A bill to amend title 10, United States Code to allow nationals, as well as citizens, of the United States to participate in the Junior Reserve Officers’ ...
- H.R. 11439 (94th): A bill to amend title 5, United States Code, to restore eligibility for health benefits coverage to certain individuals whose survivor annuities are restored.
- H.R. 11438 (94th): An Act to amend title 5, United States Code, to grant court leave to Federal employees when called as witnesses in certain judicial proceedings, and for other ...
- H.R. 4573 (94th): An Act to amend chapter 83 of title 5, United States Code, to establish time limitations in applying for civil service retirement benefits, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 6642 (94th): An Act to provide for allotment or assignment of payments from civil service annuities, and for other purposes.
Does 10 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
White sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Armed Forces and National Security (28%) Government Operations and Politics (16%) Private Legislation (14%) Economics and Public Finance (12%) Labor and Employment (9%) Social Welfare (7%) Finance and Financial Sector (7%) Education (7%)
Some of White’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 7354 (97th): A bill to amend title XVI of the Social Security Act to ...
- H.R. 7289 (97th): A bill to provide for the awarding of gold medals to the ...
- H.R. 7142 (97th): A bill to repeal the provision of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act ...
- H.R. 7141 (97th): A bill to repeal the provision of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act ...
- H.R. 6954 (97th): Joint Chiefs of Staff Reorganization Act of 1982
- H.R. 6828 (97th): Joint Chiefs of Staff Reorganization Act of 1982
- H.R. 6488 (97th): A bill to amend the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 and the ...
From Jan 1965 to Dec 1982, White missed 516 of 7,943 roll call votes, which is 6.5%. This is on par with the median of 7.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 1982. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills