Dole is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Dole sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Dole was the primary sponsor of 74 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1711 (104th): Veterans’ Benefits Improvements Act of 1996
- S. 735 (104th): Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
- S. 4 (104th): Line Item Veto Act
- S. 1555 (104th): A bill to guarantee the timely payment of social security benefits in March 1996.
- S. 1315 (104th): A bill to designate the Federal Triangle Project under construction at 14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Northwest, in the District of Columbia, as the “Ronald Reagan Building ...
- S. 1322 (104th): Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995
- S. 1323 (104th): Jerusalem Embassy Relocation Implementation Act of 1995
Does 74 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Dole sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (29%) Law (15%) International Affairs (12%) Economics and Public Finance (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Labor and Employment (8%) Crime and Law Enforcement (8%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (7%)
Some of Dole’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 1857 (104th): Bipartisan Campaign Practices Commission Act of 1996
- S. 1856 (104th): Medicare Restoration Act of 1996
- S. 1854 (104th): Violent and Repeat Juvenile Offender Reform Act of 1996
- S. 1830 (104th): NATO Enlargement Facilitation Act of 1996
- S. 1823 (104th): Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996
- S.Res. 256 (104th): A resolution to authorize the production of records by the Select Committee ...
- S.Con.Res. 61 (104th): A concurrent resolution commending the Americans who served the United States during ...
From Jan 1969 to Jun 1996, Dole missed 664 of 12,130 roll call votes, which is 5.5%. This is worse than the median of 2.6% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Jun 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills