Sikes was the representative for Florida’s 1st congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1963 to 1978.
He was previously the representative for Florida’s 3rd congressional district as a Democrat from 1941 to 1962.
On Jul. 21, 1976, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Sikes for improper financial disclosure [R. 44] and conflict of interest and recommended reprimand, 10-2. On Jul. 29, 1976, the House of Representatives reprimanded him, 381-3. In 1978, he did not seek re-election.
|Jul. 21, 1976||House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand, 10-2|
|Jul. 29, 1976||House of Representatives reprimanded, 381-3|
|1978||Did not seek re-election.|
Sikes is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1978 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Sikes sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 15, 1978. See full analysis methodology.
Sikes was the primary sponsor of 16 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 3373 (95th): An Act to extend for an additional temporary period the existing suspension of duties on certain classifications of yarns of silk, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 14235 (94th): Military Construction Appropriation Act
- H.R. 10029 (94th): Military Construction Appropriation Act
- H.J.Res. 209 (94th): Joint resolution asking the President of the United States to declare the fourth Saturday of each September “National Hunting and Fishing Day”.
- H.R. 17468 (93rd): Military Construction Appropriation Act
- H.R. 7780 (93rd): An Act to extend for an additional temporary period the existing suspension of duties on certain classifications of yarns of silk, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 11537 (93rd): A bill to extend and expand the authority for carrying out conservation and rehabilitation programs on military reservations, and to authorize the implementation of such programs on ...
Does 16 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Sikes sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Public Lands and Natural Resources (27%) Armed Forces and National Security (19%) Agriculture and Food (12%) Government Operations and Politics (11%) Private Legislation (8%) Economics and Public Finance (8%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (7%) Health (7%)
Some of Sikes’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.J.Res. 1130 (95th): A resolution raising the price support levels for milk, wheat, corn, soybeans, ...
- H.R. 13831 (95th): A bill to amend chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code, ...
- H.R. 13830 (95th): A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to provide that ...
- H.R. 13099 (95th): A bill for the relief of Buford L. Sword.
- H.R. 11041 (95th): A bill to authorize an appropriation to reimburse certain expenditures for social ...
- H.R. 11042 (95th): A bill to provide 100 per centum parity to farmers.
- H.R. 10646 (95th): Farm Production Protection Act
From Jan 1941 to Oct 1978, Sikes missed 912 of 8,145 roll call votes, which is 11.2%. This is on par with the median of 8.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1978. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills