Underwood was the representative from Guam and was a Democrat. He served from 1993 to 2002.
Because Guam is a territory of the United States, and not a state, its representative in the House of Representatives is a delegate with limited voting privileges — Underwood can currently vote in committee and in certain votes on the House floor, but not if their vote would be decisive. Delegates have a marginalized role in Congress and their constituents are not represented in Congress in the same manner as most citizens.
Underwood is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2002 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Underwood sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 7, 1997 to Nov 19, 2002. See full analysis methodology.
Underwood was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 308 (107th): Guam War Claims Review Commission Act
- H.R. 309 (107th): Guam Foreign Investment Equity Act
- H.R. 3756 (106th): To establish a standard time zone for Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 2462 (106th): Guam Omnibus Opportunities Act
- H.R. 2370 (105th): Guam Organic Act Amendments of 1998
- H.R. 1460 (105th): To allow for election of the Delegate from Guam by other than separate ballot, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 2476 (105th): To amend title 49, United States Code, to require the National Transportation Safety Board and individual foreign air carriers to address the needs of families of passengers ...
Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Underwood sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (35%) International Affairs (14%) Armed Forces and National Security (12%) Law (11%) Economics and Public Finance (10%) Health (7%) Social Welfare (6%) Education (6%)
Some of Underwood’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4825 (107th): To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to authorize grants for ...
- H.R. 3157 (107th): Rediscover America Act of 2001
- H.R. 3128 (107th): To authorize the establishment of a National Guard of the Northern Mariana ...
- H.R. 2826 (107th): To increase the waiver requirement for certain local matching requirements for grants ...
- H.Con.Res. 215 (107th): Expressing the sense of Congress that a series of postage stamps should ...
- H.R. 2428 (107th): Insular Areas Oversight Avoidance Act
- H.R. 1977 (107th): Northern Marianas Delegate Act
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: