Grams is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2000 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Grams sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1995 to Dec 15, 2000. See full analysis methodology.
Grams was the primary sponsor of 1 bill that was enacted:
Does 1 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Grams sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (19%) Economics and Public Finance (15%) Commerce (14%) Social Welfare (11%) Law (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Taxation (10%) Labor and Employment (9%)
Recently Introduced Bills
Grams recently introduced the following legislation:
- S.Res. 372 (106th): A resolution expressing the sense of the Senate with respect to United …
- S. 3138 (106th): Child Tax Credit Expansion Act of 2000
- S. 3123 (106th): Consumer Rights in Federal Class Actions Act of 2000
- S. 3099 (106th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to clarify …
- S. 3072 (106th): Support for Overseas Cooperative Development Act
- S. 3020 (106th): Radio Broadcasting Preservation Act of 2000
- S. 2884 (106th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow …
View All » | View Cosponsors »
Most legislation has no activity after being introduced.
From Jan 1995 to Dec 2000, Grams missed 49 of 2,203 roll call votes, which is 2.2%. This is on par with the median of 1.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2000. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|1993 Jan-Mar (House)||127||1||0.8%||26th|
|1993 Apr-Jun (House)||190||0||0.0%||0th|
|1993 Jul-Sep (House)||164||1||0.6%||24th|
|1993 Oct-Nov (House)||134||1||0.7%||29th|
|1994 Jan-Mar (House)||95||1||1.1%||21st|
|1994 Apr-Jun (House)||219||17||7.8%||89th|
|1994 Jul-Sep (House)||142||26||18.3%||97th|
|1994 Oct-Nov (House)||51||2||3.9%||70th|
|1995 Jan-Mar (Senate)||125||6||4.8%||82nd|
|1995 Apr-Jun (Senate)||171||1||0.6%||24th|
|1995 Jul-Sep (Senate)||184||1||0.5%||30th|
|1995 Oct-Dec (Senate)||133||0||0.0%||0th|
|1996 Jan-Mar (Senate)||60||0||0.0%||0th|
|1996 Apr-Jun (Senate)||122||5||4.1%||95th|
|1996 Jul-Sep (Senate)||121||1||0.8%||65th|
|1996 Oct-Oct (Senate)||3||0||0.0%||0th|
|1997 Jan-Mar (Senate)||35||0||0.0%||0th|
|1997 Apr-Jun (Senate)||125||4||3.2%||87th|
|1997 Jul-Sep (Senate)||103||2||1.9%||74th|
|1997 Oct-Nov (Senate)||35||0||0.0%||0th|
|1998 Jan-Mar (Senate)||52||0||0.0%||0th|
|1998 Apr-Jun (Senate)||131||0||0.0%||0th|
|1998 Jul-Sep (Senate)||109||1||0.9%||39th|
|1998 Oct-Oct (Senate)||22||0||0.0%||0th|
|1999 Jan-Mar (Senate)||81||0||0.0%||0th|
|1999 Apr-Jun (Senate)||111||1||0.9%||44th|
|1999 Jul-Sep (Senate)||112||0||0.0%||0th|
|1999 Oct-Nov (Senate)||70||0||0.0%||0th|
|2000 Feb-Mar (Senate)||51||0||0.0%||0th|
|2000 Apr-Jun (Senate)||120||0||0.0%||0th|
|2000 Jul-Sep (Senate)||89||1||1.1%||49th|
|2000 Oct-Dec (Senate)||38||26||68.4%||96th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills