Flower was the representative for New York’s 12th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1891 to 1893.
He was previously the representative for New York’s 12th congressional district as a Democrat from 1889 to 1891; and the representative for New York’s 11th congressional district as a Democrat from 1881 to 1883.
From Dec 1881 to Mar 1891, Flower missed 473 of 936 roll call votes, which is 50.5%. This is much worse than the median of 33.9% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1891. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1881-Mar 1882||75||24||32.0%||66th|
|Dec 1882-Mar 1883||100||32||32.0%||68th|
|Dec 1889-Feb 1890||80||32||40.0%||51st|
|Dec 1890-Mar 1891||173||50||28.9%||45th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo