Long is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Long sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
Long was the primary sponsor of 13 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1479 (98th): A bill to provide for the striking of medals to commemorate the Louisiana World Exposition.
- S. 2701 (97th): A bill to provide for the participation of the United States in the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition to be held in New Orleans, Louisiana, and for other ...
- S. 2227 (96th): A bill to grant the consent of the United States to the Red River Compact among the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas.
- S. 2574 (96th): State and Local Fiscal Assistance Act Amendments of 1980
- S. 2451 (96th): Installment Sales Revision Act of 1980
- S. 1376 (96th): Trade Agreements Act of 1979
- S. 614 (96th): Technical Corrections Act of 1979
Does 13 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Long sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Long’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 2913 (99th): Interstate Sales and Use Taxation Act of 1986
- S. 2774 (99th): A bill to provide for a temporary suspension of duty on sethoxydim ...
- S. 2775 (99th): A bill to suspend for a three year period the duty on ...
- S. 2637 (99th): A bill relating to the application of the drawback provisions of section ...
- S.J.Res. 355 (99th): A joint resolution to designate August 1986 as “Cajun Music Month”.
- S. 2418 (99th): A bill to designate the United States Post Office being constructed in ...
- S.Res. 285 (99th): To commend Michael Stern for his faithful and outstanding service to the ...
From Jan 1949 to Oct 1986, Long missed 1,905 of 12,688 roll call votes, which is 15.0%. This is much worse than the median of 6.0% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills