Our unique analysis of the bills Gibbons sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the House of Representatives.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Gibbons is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Gibbons was the primary sponsor of 12 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 5060 (103rd): To provide for the continuation of certain fee collections for the expenses of the Securities and Exchange Commission for fiscal year 1995.
- H.R. 1724 (102nd): Andean Trade Preference Act
- H.R. 1594 (101st): Customs and Trade Act of 1990
- H.R. 3275 (101st): Steel Trade Liberalization Program Implementation Act
- H.J.Res. 647 (99th): A joint resolution to recognize and support the efforts of the United States Committee for the Battle of Normandy Museum to encourage American awareness and participation in ...
- H.R. 3981 (99th): A bill to extend until December 19, 1985, the application of certain tobacco excise taxes.
- H.R. 3398 (98th): Omnibus Tariff and Trade Act of 1984
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Gibbons sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Foreign Trade and International Finance (21%) Taxation (18%) Law (15%) Government Operations and Politics (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Economics and Public Finance (8%) Commerce (8%) Labor and Employment (8%)
Some of Gibbons’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4050 (104th): Revenue Restructuring Act of 1996
- H.R. 3787 (104th): Healthy Start Act of 1996
- H.R. 3612 (104th): Work First and Personal Responsibility Act of 1996
- H.R. 2879 (104th): To provide that individuals performing services for the peacekeeping effort in the ...
- H.R. 2356 (104th): Foreign Trust Tax Compliance Act of 1995
- H.R. 1535 (104th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to revise the tax ...
- H.R. 1378 (104th): To require the Secretary of State to publish the names of United ...
From Jan 1963 to Sep 1996, Gibbons missed 1,636 of 15,207 roll call votes, which is 10.8%. This is much worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congress-Legislators, a community project collecting election information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills