Gibbons was the representative for Florida’s 11th congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1993 to 1996.
He was previously the representative for Florida’s 7th congressional district as a Democrat from 1973 to 1992; the representative for Florida’s 6th congressional district as a Democrat from 1967 to 1972; and the representative for Florida’s 10th congressional district as a Democrat from 1963 to 1966.
Gibbons is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Gibbons sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Gibbons was the primary sponsor of 12 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 5060 (103rd): To provide for the continuation of certain fee collections for the expenses of the Securities and Exchange Commission for fiscal year 1995.
- H.R. 1724 (102nd): Andean Trade Preference Act
- H.R. 1594 (101st): Customs and Trade Act of 1990
- H.R. 3275 (101st): Steel Trade Liberalization Program Implementation Act
- H.J.Res. 647 (99th): A joint resolution to recognize and support the efforts of the United States Committee for the Battle of Normandy Museum to encourage American awareness and participation in ...
- H.R. 3981 (99th): A bill to extend until December 19, 1985, the application of certain tobacco excise taxes.
- H.R. 3398 (98th): Omnibus Tariff and Trade Act of 1984
Does 12 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Gibbons sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Foreign Trade and International Finance (21%) Taxation (18%) Law (15%) Government Operations and Politics (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Economics and Public Finance (8%) Commerce (8%) Labor and Employment (8%)
Some of Gibbons’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4050 (104th): Revenue Restructuring Act of 1996
- H.R. 3787 (104th): Healthy Start Act of 1996
- H.R. 3612 (104th): Work First and Personal Responsibility Act of 1996
- H.R. 2879 (104th): To provide that individuals performing services for the peacekeeping effort in the ...
- H.R. 2356 (104th): Foreign Trust Tax Compliance Act of 1995
- H.R. 1535 (104th): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to revise the tax ...
- H.R. 1378 (104th): To require the Secretary of State to publish the names of United ...
From Jan 1963 to Sep 1996, Gibbons missed 1,636 of 15,207 roll call votes, which is 10.8%. This is much worse than the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills