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Rep. Sam Graves

Representative for Missouri’s 6th District

pronounced sam // grayvz


Graves is the representative for Missouri’s 6th congressional district (view map) and is a Republican. He has served since Jan 3, 2001. Graves is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.

Graves is among the Republican legislators who, by calling for entire states to be disenfranchised in the 2020 presidential election, fomented the terrorist attack on the Capitol on January 6, 2021 that aimed to prevent the determination of the next president of the United States. Shortly after the 2020 election, Graves joined a case before the Supreme Court calling for all the votes for president in Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin — states that were narrowly won by Democrats — to be discounted, claiming that some voters there followed procedures set by the wrong state officials. The case amplified lies and conspiracy theories that fueled the movement that led to the attack on the Capitol. The Supreme Court rejected the case. On January 6, 2021 in the hours after the attack on the Capitol, Graves voted for the exclusion of Arizona and/or Pennsylvania — states narrowly won by Democrats — from the count of Electoral College votes that determined the next President of the United States. Following the rejection of several cases before the Supreme Court, one legislator called for violence.

Alleged misconduct & resolution

In 2009 Graves was investigated for inviting improper hearing witnesses. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Graves did not act improperly.

Aug. 6, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Oct. 29, 2009 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Graves did not act improperly
Photo of Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]

Analysis

Ideology–Leadership Chart

Graves is shown as a purple triangle in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).

The chart is based on the bills Graves has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jan 13, 2021. See full analysis methodology.

Ratings from Advocacy Organizations

United States Chamber of Commerce: 82% The Club for Growth: 67% The National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws: D Human Rights Campaign: 0% League of Conservation Voters: 0% Planned Parenthood Action Fund: 0%

Enacted Legislation

Graves was the primary sponsor of 7 bills that were enacted:

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Does 7 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.

We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).

Bills Sponsored

Issue Areas

Graves sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:

Transportation and Public Works (21%) Government Operations and Politics (21%) Education (18%) Armed Forces and National Security (11%) Emergency Management (7%) Health (7%) Crime and Law Enforcement (7%) Immigration (7%)

Recent Bills

Some of Graves’s most recently sponsored bills include...

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Voting Record

Key Votes

Graves voted Nay

Graves voted Nay

Graves voted Yea

Passed 338/88 on May 13, 2015.

The USA Freedom Act (H.R. 2048, Pub.L. 114–23) is a U.S. law enacted on June 2, 2015 that restored in modified form several provisions of ...

Graves voted Yea

Passed 219/206 on Dec 11, 2014.

This bill became the vehicle for passage of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015 [pdf], which was approved by the House on December ...

Graves voted Aye

Graves voted Aye

Passed 304/117 on Jun 23, 2011.

The Leahy–Smith America Invents Act (AIA) is a United States federal statute that was passed by Congress and was signed into law by President Barack ...

Graves voted No

Graves voted Yea

Missed Votes

From Jan 2001 to Jan 2021, Graves missed 663 of 13,278 roll call votes, which is 5.0%. This is much worse than the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: