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Rep. Sam Graves’s 2016 Report Card

Representative from Missouri's 6th District
Republican
Serving Jan 3, 2001 – Jan 3, 2019


These special statistics cover Graves’s record during the 114th Congress (Jan 6, 2015-Jan 3, 2017) and compare him to other representatives also serving at the end of the session. Last updated on Aug 24, 2017. The statistics were updated on Jan 20, 2017 and Aug 24, 2017 to improve how we counted enacted laws. Originally published on Jan 7, 2017.

A higher or lower number below doesn’t necessarily make this legislator any better or worse, or more or less effective, than other Members of Congress. We present these statistics for you to understand the quantitative aspects of Graves’s legislative career and make your own judgements based on what activities you think are important.

Keep in mind that there are many important aspects of being a legislator besides what can be measured, such as constituent services and performing oversight of the executive branch, which aren’t reflected here.

 

Cosponsored the 2nd fewest bills compared to Missouri Delegation

Graves cosponsored 219 bills and resolutions introduced by other Members of Congress. Cosponsorship shows a willingness to work with others to advance policy goals. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (13th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (32nd percentile); House Republicans (45th percentile); All Representatives (31st percentile).


 

Introduced the 2nd most bills compared to Missouri Delegation

Graves introduced 22 bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress. View Bills »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (66th percentile); House Republicans (74th percentile); All Representatives (72nd percentile).


 

Got bicameral support on the 3rd fewest bills compared to Missouri Delegation (tied with 2 others)

The House and Senate often work on the same issue simultaneously by introducing companion bills in each chamber. 1 of Graves’s bills and resolutions had a companion bill in the Senate. Working with a sponsor in the other chamber makes a bill more likely to be passed by both the House and Senate.

Those bills were: H.R. 1062: Pilot’s Bill of Rights 2

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (16th percentile); House Republicans (19th percentile); All Representatives (18th percentile).

Companion bills are those that are identified as “identical” by Congress’s Congressional Research Service.


 

Supported government transparency the 3rd least oftenn compared to Missouri Delegation (tied with 2 others)

GovTrack looked at whether Graves supported any of 40 government transparency, accountability, and effectiveness bills in the House that we identified in this session. We gave Graves 1 point, based on one point for cosponsoring and three points for sponsoring any of these bills.

Graves cosponsored H.R. 690: Providing Accountability Through Transparency Act ...

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (25th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (32nd percentile); House Republicans (51st percentile); All Representatives (31st percentile).


 

Ranked the 22nd top leader compared to All Representatives

Our unique leadership analysis looks at who is cosponsoring whose bills. A higher score shows a greater ability to get cosponsors on bills.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the leadership score here may differ from Graves’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (92nd percentile); House Republicans (91st percentile); All Representatives (95th percentile).


 

Ranked 22nd most conservative compared to Serving 10+ Years

Our unique ideology analysis assigns a score to Members of Congress according to their legislative behavior by how similar the pattern of bills and resolutions they cosponsor are to other Members of Congress.

For more, see our methodology. Note that because on this page only legislative activity in the 114th Congress is considered, the ideology score here may differ from Graves’s score elsewhere on GovTrack.

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (38th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (88th percentile); House Republicans (64th percentile); All Representatives (79th percentile).


 

Joined bipartisan bills the 31st least often compared to Serving 10+ Years

Of the 219 bills that Graves cosponsored, 10% were introduced by a legislator who was not a Republican. View Cosponsored Bills »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (50th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (16th percentile); House Republicans (41st percentile); All Representatives (23rd percentile).

Only Democratic and Republican Members of Congress who cosponsored more than 10 bills and resolutions are included in this statistic.


 

Got the 34th most cosponsors on their bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 1 other)

Graves’s bills and resolutions had 725 cosponsors in the 114th Congress. Securing cosponsors is an important part of getting support for a bill, although having more cosponsors does not always mean a bill will get a vote. View Bills »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (88th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (88th percentile); House Republicans (92nd percentile); All Representatives (92nd percentile).


 

Was 46th most absent in votes compared to All Representatives

Graves missed 7.1% of votes (94 of 1,325 votes) in the 114th Congress. View Graves’s Profile »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (85th percentile); All Representatives (89th percentile).

The Speaker of the House is not included in this statistic because according to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, and the delegates from the five island territories and the District of Columbia are also not included because they were not elligible to vote in any roll call votes.


 

Got influential cosponsors the 44th least often compared to Serving 10+ Years (tied with 31 others)

2 of Graves’s bills and resolutions in the 114th Congress had a cosponsor who was a chair or ranking member of a committee that the bill was referred to. Getting support from committee leaders on relevant committees is a crucial step in moving legislation forward.

Those bills were: H.R. 1062: Pilot’s Bill of Rights 2; H.R. 1528: End Discriminatory State Taxes for ...

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (38th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (23rd percentile); House Republicans (30th percentile); All Representatives (27th percentile).


 

Got bipartisan cosponsors on the 60th most bills compared to All Representatives (tied with 11 others)

In this era of partisanship, it is encouraging to see Members of Congress working across the aisle. 11 of Graves’s 22 bills and resolutions had both a Democratic cosponsor and a Republican cosponsor in the 114th Congress.

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (75th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (82nd percentile); House Republicans (80th percentile); All Representatives (84th percentile).


 

Laws Enacted

Graves introduced 0 bills that became law, including via incorporation into other measures, in the 114th Congress. Keep in mind that it takes a law to repeal a law. Very few bills ever become law.

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).

The legislator must be the primary sponsor of the bill or joint resolution that was enacted or the primary sponsor of a bill or joint resolution for which at least about one third of its text was incorporated into another bill or joint resolution that was enacted as law, as determined by an automated analysis. While a legislator may lay claim to authoring other bills that became law, these cases are difficult for us to track quantitatively. We also exclude bills where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill.


 

Committee Positions

Graves held a leadership position on 0 committees and 1 subcommittee, as either a chair (majority party) or ranking member (minority party), at the end of the session. View Graves’s Profile »

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (38th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (21st percentile); House Republicans (38th percentile); All Representatives (39th percentile).


 

Bills Out of Committee

Most bills and resolutions languish in committee without any action. Graves introduced 0 bills in the 114th Congress that got past committee and to the floor for consideration.

Compare to all Missouri Delegation (0th percentile); Serving 10+ Years (0th percentile); House Republicans (0th percentile); All Representatives (0th percentile).


Additional Notes

The Speaker’s Votes: Missed votes are not computed for the Speaker of the House. According to current House rules, the Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings.” In practice this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes but is not considered absent.

Leadership/Ideology: The leadership and ideology scores are not displayed for Members of Congress who introduced fewer than 10 bills, or, for ideology, for Members of Congress that have a low leadership score, as there is usually not enough data in these cases to compute reliable leadership and ideology statistics.

Missing Bills: We exclude bills from some statistics where the sponsor’s original intent is not in the final bill because the bill’s text was replaced in whole with unrelated provisions (i.e. it became a vehicle for passage of unrelated provisions).

Ranking Members (RkMembs): The chair of a committee is always selected from the political party that holds the most seats in the chamber, called the “majority party”. The “ranking member” (sometimes “RkMembs”) is the title given to the senior-most member of the committee not in the majority party.

Freshmen/Sophomores: Freshmen and sophomores are Members of Congress whose first term (in the same chamber at the end of the 114th Congress) was the 114th Congress (freshmen) or 113th (sophomores). Members of Congress who took office within the last few months of a Congress are considered freshmen in the next Congress as well.