Capito is the junior senator from West Virginia and is a Republican. She has served since Jan 6, 2015. Capito is next up for reelection in 2026 and serves until Jan 3, 2027.
She was previously the representative for West Virginia’s 2nd congressional district as a Republican from 2001 to 2014.
Read our 2020 Report Card for Capito.
Capito is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the Senate positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Capito has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Apr 21, 2021. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Shelley Capito sits on the following committees:
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works Ranking Member
Senate Committee on Appropriations
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies, Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies, Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies subcommittees
- Department of Homeland Security subcommittee Ranking Member
- Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
Capito was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 4075 (116th): RLF Act
- S. 2582 (116th): Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act, 2020
- S. 1507 (116th): PFAS Release Disclosure and Protection Act of 2019
- S. 94 (116th): Target Practice and Marksmanship Training Support Act
- S. 671 (116th): Miners Pension Protection Act
- S. 3389 (115th): A bill to redesignate a facility of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
- S. 2872 (114th): NAS Healthy Babies Act
Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Capito sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Capito’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 586: NOPAIN Act
- S. 539: A bill to direct the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to submit to Congress ...
- S. 451: Composite Standards Act of 2021
- S. 360: 21st Century Space Grant Modernization Act of 2021
- S. 41: Ally’s Act
- S. 5021 (116th): Every Child Connected Act
- S. 4966 (116th): 45Q Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage Tax Credit Amendments Act of 2020
From Jan 2015 to Apr 2021, Capito missed 50 of 1,985 roll call votes, which is 2.5%. This is worse than the median of 1.6% among the lifetime records of senators currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: