Abraham is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2000 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Abraham sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1995 to Dec 15, 2000. See full analysis methodology.
Abraham was the primary sponsor of 14 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 11 (106th): A bill for the relief of Wei Jingsheng.
- S. 1455 (106th): College Scholarship Fraud Prevention Act of 2000
- S. 148 (106th): Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act
- S. 761 (106th): Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act
- S. 2367 (106th): Travel, Tourism, and Jobs Preservation Act
- S. 1713 (106th): S Visa and Refugee Assistance Authorization Act
- S. 531 (106th): A bill to authorize the President to award a gold medal on behalf of the Congress to Rosa Parks in recognition of her contributions to the Nation.
Does 14 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Abraham sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (21%) Economics and Public Finance (14%) Commerce (14%) Law (13%) Crime and Law Enforcement (11%) Labor and Employment (10%) Science, Technology, Communications (9%) Families (8%)
Some of Abraham’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3276 (106th): A bill to make technical corrections to the College Scholarship Fraud Prevention ...
- S. 3206 (106th): Victims of Rape Health Protection Act
- S. 3174 (106th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to allow ...
- S. 3139 (106th): Secret Evidence Repeal Act of 2000
- S. 3112 (106th): Medicare Access to Digital Mammography Act of 2000
- S. 3028 (106th): Rural Hospital and Health Network Preservation Act of 2000
- S. 2999 (106th): Health Care Provider Bill of Rights
From Jan 1995 to Dec 2000, Abraham missed 0 of 2,203 roll call votes, which is 0.0%. This is better than the median of 1.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2000. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: