Hoyer is the representative for Maryland’s 5th congressional district (view map) and is a Democrat. He has served since Jan 5, 1981. Hoyer is next up for reelection in 2022 and serves until Jan 3, 2023.
He is also House Majority Leader, a party leadership role. Party leaders focus more on setting their party’s legislative priorties than on introducing legislation.
Read our 2020 Report Card for Hoyer.
Hoyer is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot is a member of the House of Representatives positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hoyer has sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 2017 to Jun 17, 2021. See full analysis methodology.
Ratings from Advocacy Organizations
Hoyer was the primary sponsor of 38 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 2468 (116th): School-Based Allergies and Asthma Management Program Act
- H.R. 5430 (116th): United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement Implementation Act
- H.R. 4872 (115th): End The Shutdown Act of 2018
- H.J.Res. 76 (115th): Granting the consent and approval of Congress for the Commonwealth of Virginia, the State of Maryland, and the District of Columbia to enter into a compact relating ...
- H.R. 4120 (113th): To amend the National Law Enforcement Museum Act to extend the termination date.
- H.J.Res. 62 (111th): Appointing the day for the convening of the second session of the One Hundred Eleventh Congress.
- H.J.Res. 58 (111th): Granting the consent and approval of Congress to amendments made by the State of Maryland, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the District of Columbia to the Washington ...
Does 38 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hoyer sponsors bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Hoyer’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3005: To direct the Joint Committee on the Library to replace the bust of ...
- H.R. 2024: Southern Maryland National Heritage Area Act
- H.Res. 8: Adopting the Rules of the House of Representatives of the One Hundred Seventeenth ...
- H.Res. 4: Authorizing the Speaker to appoint a committee to notify the President of the ...
- H.Res. 3: To inform the Senate that a quorum of the House has assembled and ...
- H.Res. 5: Authorizing the Clerk to inform the President of the election of the Speaker ...
- H.Res. 1: Authorizing and directing the Speaker to administer the oath of office.
As House Majority Leader, Hoyer may be focused on his responsibilities other than introducing legislation, such as setting the chamber’s agenda, uniting his party, and brokering deals.
From Jun 1981 to Jun 2021, Hoyer missed 629 of 23,622 roll call votes, which is 2.7%. This is on par with the median of 2.0% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO Member Guide for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills