Symms is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 1992 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Symms sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 8, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Symms was the primary sponsor of 12 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 3364 (102nd): A bill to amend certain provisions of law relating to establishment, in the District of Columbia or its environs, of a memorial to honor Thomas Paine.
- S.J.Res. 266 (100th): A joint resolution to designate the week beginning June 12, 1988, as “National Scleroderma Awareness Week.”
- S. 214 (100th): A bill to direct the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to issue an order with respect to Docket No. EL-85-38-000.
- S.J.Res. 351 (99th): A joint resolution to designate June 26, 1986, as “National Interstate Highway Day”.
- S. 1514 (99th): An original bill to approve the Interstate Cost Estimate and Interstate Substitute Cost Estimate.
- S.J.Res. 75 (98th): A joint resolution to provide for the designation of June 12 through 18, 1983 as “National Scleroderma Week”.
- S.J.Res. 32 (98th): A joint resolution to provide for the designation of May 1983, as “National Arthritis Month”.
Does 12 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Symms sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Taxation (31%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (13%) Public Lands and Natural Resources (13%) Transportation and Public Works (9%) Health (9%) Social Welfare (8%) International Affairs (8%) Environmental Protection (8%)
Some of Symms’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3364 (102nd): A bill to amend certain provisions of law relating to establishment, in ...
- S.Con.Res. 139 (102nd): A concurrent resolution to authorize a correction in the enrollment of H.R. ...
- S. 3159 (102nd): Progressive Endangered Species Act of 1992
- S. 3077 (102nd): A bill to provide for the duty-free liquidation or reliquidation of, and ...
- S. 2655 (102nd): A bill to extend until January 1, 1995, the existing suspension of ...
- S.Con.Res. 110 (102nd): A concurrent resolution to authorize the construction of a monument on the ...
- S. 2326 (102nd): No Net Loss of Private Lands Act
From Jan 1981 to Oct 1992, Symms missed 239 of 4,355 roll call votes, which is 5.5%. This is on par with the median of 4.7% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Oct 1992. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills