Hand was the representative for New Jersey’s 2nd congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1945 to 1956.
From Jan 1945 to Jul 1956, Hand missed 61 of 1,146 roll call votes, which is 5.3%. This is much worse than the median of 2.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jul 1956. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|1951 Jan-Jan 81st Congress||4||0||0.0%||0th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000