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Sen. Thomas Hicks

Former Senator for Maryland

Hicks was a senator from Maryland and was an Unconditional Unionist. He served from 1862 to 1865.

Photo of Sen. Thomas Hicks [U-MD, 1862-1865]

Legislators who enslaved Black people

Hicks was among more than 1,800 legislators who enslaved Black people. The Washington Post compiled the first database of slaveholding members of Congress by examining thousands of pages of census records and historical documents. Hicks was one of them.

Voting Record

Missed Votes

From Jun 1862 to Feb 1865, Hicks missed 409 of 729 roll call votes, which is 56.1%. This is much worse than the median of 18.5% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Feb 1865. The chart below reports missed votes over time.

We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses, major life events, and running for higher office.

Show the numbers...

Primary Sources

The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including: