Our unique analysis of the bills Kindness sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the House of Representatives.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the House of Representatives in 1986. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Kindness is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Kindness was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 1806 (99th): A bill to recognize the organization known as the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865.
- H.R. 6438 (98th): A bill for the relief of Joseph Karel Hasek.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Kindness sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (30%) Law (13%) Taxation (13%) Economics and Public Finance (10%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (10%) Education (10%) Private Legislation (8%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%)
Some of Kindness’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5503 (99th): Prompt Payment Amendments of 1986
- H.R. 5462 (99th): A bill to amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to ...
- H.R. 5304 (99th): Fairness in Competition Act of 1986
- H.R. 4770 (99th): Federal Tort Claims Reform Act of 1986
- H.R. 4257 (99th): A bill to extend, at reduced level, the authorization of appropriations for ...
- H.J.Res. 506 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the week of July 7, 1986, as ...
- H.R. 4081 (99th): A bill for the relief of Joseph W. Newman.
From Jan 1975 to Oct 1986, Kindness missed 536 of 6,697 roll call votes, which is 8.0%. This is on par with the median of 6.2% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congress-Legislators, a community project collecting election information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills