Kindness was the representative for Ohio’s 8th congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1975 to 1986.
Kindness is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1986 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Kindness sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 5, 1981 to Oct 18, 1986. See full analysis methodology.
Kindness was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 1806 (99th): A bill to recognize the organization known as the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865.
- H.R. 6438 (98th): A bill for the relief of Joseph Karel Hasek.
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Kindness sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (30%) Law (12%) Taxation (12%) Economics and Public Finance (10%) Civil Rights and Liberties, Minority Issues (10%) Education (10%) Private Legislation (8%) Armed Forces and National Security (8%)
Some of Kindness’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5503 (99th): Prompt Payment Amendments of 1986
- H.R. 5462 (99th): A bill to amend the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 to ...
- H.R. 5304 (99th): Fairness in Competition Act of 1986
- H.R. 4770 (99th): Federal Tort Claims Reform Act of 1986
- H.R. 4257 (99th): A bill to extend, at reduced level, the authorization of appropriations for ...
- H.J.Res. 506 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the week of July 7, 1986, as ...
- H.R. 4081 (99th): A bill for the relief of Joseph W. Newman.
From Jan 1975 to Oct 1986, Kindness missed 536 of 6,697 roll call votes, which is 8.0%. This is on par with the median of 6.2% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1986. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills