Lewis is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Lewis sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1989 to Nov 29, 1994. See full analysis methodology.
Lewis was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 4686 (100th): Aviation Safety Research Act of 1988
- H.R. 1438 (99th): A bill to change the name of the Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, to the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge.
- H.J.Res. 33 (99th): A joint resolution designating the week of September 8 through September 14, 1985, as “National Child Safety Week”.
Does 3 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Lewis sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Transportation and Public Works (23%) Science, Technology, Communications (17%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (14%) Agriculture and Food (11%) Crime and Law Enforcement (9%) Taxation (9%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Armed Forces and National Security (9%)
Some of Lewis’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 3071 (103rd): Lime Research, Promotion, and Consumer Information Act Amendments of 1993
- H.R. 2226 (103rd): To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to restore the pre-1986 ...
- H.R. 1986 (103rd): To amend title 38, United States Code, to provide that the effective ...
- H.R. 1901 (103rd): Airport and Airway Trust Fund Integrity Act of 1993
- H.R. 1738 (103rd): Fresh Cut Flowers and Fresh Cut Greens Promotion and Information Act of ...
- H.R. 1260 (103rd): National Aeronautical Research and Competitiveness Act of 1993
- H.R. 1229 (103rd): National Aviation Research and Competitiveness Act of 1993
From Jan 1983 to Nov 1994, Lewis missed 269 of 5,693 roll call votes, which is 4.7%. This is on par with the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills