Our unique analysis of the bills Penny sponsored and cosponsored provides insight into his position in the House of Representatives.
Each dot in the chart below was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994. The dots are positioned horizontally according to our progressive—conservative ideology score and vertically according to our leadership score (leaders toward the top). Penny is shown as a purple triangle. (analysis methodology)
Penny was the primary sponsor of 3 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 5402 (102nd): To amend the Food Security Act of 1985 to remove certain easement requirements under the conservation reserve program, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 180 (102nd): Veterans Education and Employment Programs bill
- H.R. 3744 (101st): Entitled, “The Minnesota Family Investment Plan”.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if about one third or more of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Penny sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Armed Forces and National Security (20%) Education (17%) Health (12%) International Affairs (12%) Labor and Employment (12%) Government Operations and Politics (10%) Agriculture and Food (9%) Economics and Public Finance (8%)
Some of Penny’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5234 (103rd): Food for Trade Act of 1994
- H.R. 5171 (103rd): To amend the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 to ...
- H.R. 5065 (103rd): Beginning Farmer Technical Corrections Act of 1994
- H.R. 4617 (103rd): Freedom Support Amendment Act of 1994
- H.R. 4373 (103rd): Social Security COLA Limitation Act of 1994
- H.R. 4374 (103rd): Social Security Access to Information Act of 1994
- H.R. 4372 (103rd): Social Security Eligibility Act of 1994
From Jan 1983 to Nov 1994, Penny missed 45 of 5,693 roll call votes, which is 0.8%. This is better than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- Congress-Legislators, a community project collecting election information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GPO.gov/FDSys, for sponsored bills