Flowers is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1978 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Flowers sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 15, 1978. See full analysis methodology.
Flowers was the primary sponsor of 4 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 9414 (94th): A bill for the relief of TV Facts, Rochester, New York.
- H.R. 9965 (94th): A bill for the relief of Boulder Daily Camera, Boulder, Colorado.
- H.J.Res. 321 (94th): Joint resolution to amend the joint resolution entitled “Joint resolution to codify and emphasize existing rules and customs pertaining to the display and use of the flag ...
- H.R. 7638 (93rd): Budget Control Act
Does 4 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Flowers sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (35%) Private Legislation (24%) Law (13%) Taxation (11%) Armed Forces and National Security (4%) Economics and Public Finance (4%) Education (4%) Agriculture and Food (4%)
Some of Flowers’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.J.Res. 1102 (95th): A resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States ...
- H.R. 13677 (95th): Judicial Independence and Integrity Act
- H.R. 13588 (95th): A bill to change the name of the China Bluff Access Area ...
- H.R. 13482 (95th): A bill to change the name of the Gainsville Public Use Area ...
- H.R. 13304 (95th): A bill to amend the Federal Trade Commission Act and the Clayton ...
- H.R. 12520 (95th): A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, ...
- H.R. 10156 (95th): A bill for the relief of Chin-Pao Shao.
From Jan 1969 to Oct 1978, Flowers missed 849 of 4,983 roll call votes, which is 17.0%. This is much worse than the median of 8.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Oct 1978. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills