Gardner was the representative for Michigan’s 3rd congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1907 to 1911.
He was previously the representative for Michigan’s 3rd congressional district as a Republican from 1905 to 1907; the representative for Michigan’s 3rd congressional district as a Republican from 1903 to 1905; the representative for Michigan’s 3rd congressional district as a Republican from 1901 to 1903; and the representative for Michigan’s 3rd congressional district as a Republican from 1899 to 1901.
From Dec 1899 to Mar 1911, Gardner missed 289 of 1,067 roll call votes, which is 27.1%. This is on par with the median of 26.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1911. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1899-Feb 1900||21||3||14.3%||15th|
|Dec 1900-Mar 1901||62||18||29.0%||44th|
|Dec 1901-Feb 1902||19||1||5.3%||10th|
|Dec 1902-Mar 1903||114||17||14.9%||29th|
|Dec 1903-Apr 1904||49||20||40.8%||79th|
|Dec 1904-Mar 1905||32||13||40.6%||80th|
|Dec 1905-Feb 1906||25||9||36.0%||70th|
|Dec 1906-Mar 1907||34||4||11.8%||30th|
|Dec 1907-May 1908||270||68||25.2%||40th|
|Dec 1908-Mar 1909||42||15||35.7%||70th|
|Dec 1909-Feb 1910||18||5||27.8%||53rd|
|Dec 1910-Mar 1911||68||41||60.3%||85th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000