Clay was the representative for Missouri’s 1st congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1969 to 2000.
Clay is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 2000 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Clay sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1995 to Dec 15, 2000. See full analysis methodology.
Clay was the primary sponsor of 17 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.R. 3186 (104th): To designate the Federal building located at 1655 Woodson Road in Overland, Missouri, as the “Sammy L. Davis Federal Building”.
- H.R. 4595 (103rd): To designate the building located at 4021 Laclede in St. Louis, Missouri, for the period of time during which it houses operations of the United States Postal ...
- H.R. 3345 (103rd): Federal Workforce Restructuring Act of 1994
- H.R. 20 (103rd): Hatch Act Reform Amendments of 1993
- H.R. 5058 (102nd): To authorize appropriations for the American Folklife Center for fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, and 1997.
- H.R. 2850 (102nd): Technical and Miscellaneous Civil Service Amendments Act of 1992
- H.R. 5059 (102nd): To extend the boundaries of the grounds of the National Gallery of Art to include the National Sculpture Garden.
Does 17 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Clay sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (19%) Families (15%) Education (15%) Economics and Public Finance (13%) Labor and Employment (12%) Social Welfare (12%) Law (7%) Science, Technology, Communications (7%)
Some of Clay’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 4476 (106th): Dual Degree Achievement Act
- H.R. 4346 (106th): Safe and Successful Schools Act
- H.R. 3705 (106th): Public School Repair and Renovation Act of 2000
- H.R. 1960 (106th): Educational Excellence for All Children Act of 1999
- H.R. 1623 (106th): Class Size Reduction and Teacher Quality Act of 1999
- H.R. 91 (106th): Family and Medical Leave Improvements Act of 1999
- H.R. 90 (106th): Stop Sweatshops Act
From Jan 1969 to Dec 2000, Clay missed 2,989 of 16,505 roll call votes, which is 18.1%. This is much worse than the median of 3.0% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Dec 2000. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills