Clinger is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1996 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Clinger sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1991 to Oct 3, 1996. See full analysis methodology.
Clinger was the primary sponsor of 6 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 3568 (104th): To designate 51.7 miles of the Clarion River, located in Pennsylvania, as a component of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.
- H.R. 830 (104th): Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
- H.R. 3386 (101st): Sanitary Food Transportation Act of 1990
- H.R. 3085 (100th): A bill to amend the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 relating to the level of flood protection provided by the flood control project for Lock Haven, ...
- H.R. 5076 (98th): Pennsylvania Wilderness Act of 1984
- H.R. 2889 (98th): An act to amend the National Historic Preservation Act, and for other purposes.
Does 6 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Clinger sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (32%) Economics and Public Finance (15%) Labor and Employment (12%) Law (11%) Environmental Protection (9%) Commerce (8%) Transportation and Public Works (7%) Science, Technology, Communications (7%)
Some of Clinger’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Res. 534 (104th): Recognizing and honoring the crew members of the U.S.S. Pittsburgh for their ...
- H.R. 3596 (104th): Oil Region National Heritage Area Act
- H.R. 3568 (104th): To designate 51.7 miles of the Clarion River, located in Pennsylvania, as ...
- H.R. 3450 (104th): To provide for modification of the State agreement under title II of ...
- H.R. 3078 (104th): Federal Agency Anti-Lobbying Act
- H.Res. 369 (104th): To provide to the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight special authorities ...
- H.R. 2937 (104th): For the reimbursement of legal expenses and related fees incurred by former ...
From Jan 1979 to Sep 1996, Clinger missed 355 of 9,121 roll call votes, which is 3.9%. This is on par with the median of 2.7% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Sep 1996. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills