Gaines was the representative for Virginia’s 4th congressional district and was a Republican. He served from 1887 to 1889.
From Dec 1887 to Mar 1889, Gaines missed 186 of 320 roll call votes, which is 58.1%. This is much worse than the median of 32.3% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Mar 1889. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
|Dec 1887-Feb 1888||39||15||38.5%||73rd|
|Dec 1888-Mar 1889||113||54||47.8%||74th|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000