Gray was the representative for Pennsylvania’s 2nd congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1979 to 1991.
Gray is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1992 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Gray sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 9, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Gray was the primary sponsor of 7 bills that were enacted:
- H.J.Res. 682 (101st): Waiving certain enrollment requirements with respect to any reconciliation bill, appropriation bill, or continuing resolution for the remainder of the One Hundred First Congress.
- H.R. 2889 (100th): A bill for the relief of Frances Silver.
- H.R. 3545 (100th): Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987
- H.R. 5300 (99th): Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986
- H.R. 4868 (99th): Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986
- H.J.Res. 676 (99th): A joint resolution ratifying and affirming the report of January 15, 1986, of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Director of the ...
- H.J.Res. 260 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the week of October 16, 1983 through October 22, 1983, as “Lupus Awareness Week”.
Does 7 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Gray sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
International Affairs (20%) Economics and Public Finance (18%) Taxation (14%) Armed Forces and National Security (12%) Finance and Financial Sector (10%) Labor and Employment (8%) Health (8%) Education (8%)
Some of Gray’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.Con.Res. 135 (102nd): Recognizing the importance of the mission of financial services associations.
- H.Con.Res. 117 (102nd): Recognizing the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the American Financial Services ...
- H.R. 1669 (102nd): Urban Schools of America (USA) Act of 1991
- H.J.Res. 682 (101st): Waiving certain enrollment requirements with respect to any reconciliation bill, appropriation bill, ...
- H.Con.Res. 360 (101st): Providing for an adjournment of the House from the legislative day of ...
- H.R. 4284 (101st): To reduce the amount of obligation authority available to certain States for ...
- H.Con.Res. 207 (101st): Concerning U.S. foreign assistance to Somalia.
From Jan 1979 to Aug 1991, Gray missed 763 of 5,979 roll call votes, which is 12.8%. This is much worse than the median of 4.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Aug 1991. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills