Hughes was the representative for New Jersey’s 2nd congressional district and was a Democrat. He served from 1975 to 1994.
Hughes is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1994 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Hughes sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1989 to Nov 29, 1994. See full analysis methodology.
Hughes was the primary sponsor of 35 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.J.Res. 355 (103rd): Designating 1995 as the “Year of the Grandparent”.
- H.R. 2840 (103rd): Copyright Royalty Tribunal Reform Act of 1993
- H.R. 2632 (103rd): Patent and Trademark Office Authorization Act of 1993
- H.R. 2650 (103rd): To designate portions of the Maurice River and its tributaries in the State of New Jersey as components of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Systems.
- H.R. 3377 (103rd): To authorize appropriations for the Coastal Heritage Trail Route in the State of New Jersey, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 5452 (102nd): Granting the consent of the Congress to a supplemental compact or agreement between the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of New Jersey concerning the Delaware River ...
- H.R. 5853 (102nd): To designate segments of the Great Egg Harbor River and its tributaries in the State of New Jersey as components of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers ...
Does 35 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Hughes sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Government Operations and Politics (19%) Commerce (18%) Crime and Law Enforcement (13%) Law (13%) Social Welfare (10%) Labor and Employment (10%) Economics and Public Finance (9%) Foreign Trade and International Finance (8%)
Some of Hughes’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 5303 (103rd): To make technical corrections in the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1994.
- H.R. 5186 (103rd): Bureau of Prisons Community Services Projects Act of 1994
- H.R. 5081 (103rd): To provide for a demonstration project by Federal Prison Industries.
- H.R. 4894 (103rd): General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Copyright Act of 1994
- H.J.Res. 386 (103rd): To designate September 14, 1994, as “Mercy Otis Warren Day”.
- H.R. 4668 (103rd): Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act of 1994
- H.R. 4608 (103rd): Patent and Trademark Office Authorization Act of 1994
From Jan 1975 to Nov 1994, Hughes missed 228 of 10,594 roll call votes, which is 2.2%. This is better than the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Nov 1994. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills