Ketchum is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1978 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Ketchum sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 3, 1973 to Oct 15, 1978. See full analysis methodology.
Ketchum was the primary sponsor of 2 bills that were enacted:
- H.R. 7162 (95th): A bill for the relief of Stephanie Johnson.
- H.R. 7976 (94th): An Act to amend title 5, United States Code, to provide that annual leave lost by a Federal employee because of an unjustified or unwarranted personnel action ...
Does 2 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Ketchum sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Ketchum’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 13058 (95th): Abandoned Bank Accounts Act
- H.R. 12491 (95th): Social Security Financing Amendments
- H.R. 12368 (95th): Social Security Financing Amendments
- H.Res. 1146 (95th): A resolution to amend the rules of the House.
- H.R. 11451 (95th): A bill to establish the true location of a portion of northerly ...
- H.R. 11304 (95th): Social Security Financing Amendments
- H.Res. 927 (95th): A resolution in opposition to reorganization of the field and nursing offices ...
From Jan 1973 to Jun 1978, Ketchum missed 303 of 3,483 roll call votes, which is 8.7%. This is on par with the median of 8.8% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jun 1978. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills