Roth is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the Senate in 2000 positioned according to our liberal–conservative ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Roth sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 4, 1995 to Dec 15, 2000. See full analysis methodology.
Roth was the primary sponsor of 23 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- S. 1387 (106th): African Growth and Opportunity Act
- S. 262 (106th): Miscellaneous Trade and Technical Corrections Act of 1999
- S. 2394 (105th): A bill to amend section 334 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act to clarify the rules of origin with respect to certain textile products.
- S.J.Res. 5 (105th): A joint resolution waiving certain provisions of the Trade Act of 1974 relating to the appointment of the United States Trade Representative.
- S. 279 (105th): Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997
- S.J.Res. 75 (103rd): A joint resolution designating January 2, 1994, through January 8, 1994, as “National Law Enforcement Training Week”.
- S. 20 (103rd): Government Performance and Results Act of 1993
Does 23 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Roth sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Foreign Trade and International Finance (15%) Commerce (15%) Government Operations and Politics (15%) Economics and Public Finance (13%) Taxation (11%) Finance and Financial Sector (11%) Law (10%) Health (9%)
Some of Roth’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- S. 3267 (106th): Retired Coal Miners Health Benefit Security Act
- S.Con.Res. 152 (106th): A concurrent resolution to make a technical correction in the enrollment of ...
- S.Con.Res. 147 (106th): A concurrent resolution to make a technical correction in the enrollment of ...
- S. 3187 (106th): Medicaid Protection Act
- S. 3165 (106th): Medicare, Medicaid, and SCHIP Balanced Budget Refinement Act of 2000
- S. 3152 (106th): Community Renewal and New Markets Act of 2000
- S.J.Res. 53 (106th): A resolution to commemorate fallen firefighters by lowering the American flag to ...
From Feb 1971 to Dec 2000, Roth missed 449 of 12,896 roll call votes, which is 3.5%. This is worse than the median of 1.9% among the lifetime records of senators serving in Dec 2000. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- Congressional Pictorial Directory for the photo
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills