Gradison is shown as a purple triangle ▲ in our ideology-leadership chart below. Each dot was a member of the House of Representatives in 1992 positioned according to our ideology score (left to right) and our leadership score (leaders are toward the top).
The chart is based on the bills Gradison sponsored and cosponsored from Jan 6, 1987 to Oct 9, 1992. See full analysis methodology.
Gradison was the primary sponsor of 9 bills that were enacted. The most recent include:
- H.J.Res. 194 (101st): To designate the month of November in 1989 and 1990 as “National Hospice Month”.
- H.J.Res. 525 (100th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November 1988 as “National Hospice Month”.
- H.J.Res. 234 (100th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November in 1987 and 1988 as “National Hospice Month”.
- H.R. 1444 (100th): Medicare and Medicaid Patient and Program Protection Act of 1987
- H.J.Res. 586 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November 1986 as “National Hospice Month”.
- H.J.Res. 288 (99th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November 1985 as “National Hospice Month”.
- H.J.Res. 621 (98th): A joint resolution to designate the month of November 1984 as “National Hospice Month”.
Does 9 not sound like a lot? Very few bills are ever enacted — most legislators sponsor only a handful that are signed into law. But there are other legislative activities that we don’t track that are also important, including offering amendments, committee work and oversight of the other branches, and constituent services.
We consider a bill enacted if one of the following is true: a) it is enacted itself, b) it has a companion bill in the other chamber (as identified by Congress) which was enacted, or c) if at least about half of its provisions were incorporated into bills that were enacted (as determined by an automated text analysis, applicable beginning with bills in the 110th Congress).
Gradison sponsored bills primarily in these issue areas:
Some of Gradison’s most recently sponsored bills include...
- H.R. 6171 (102nd): Action Now Health Care Reform Act of 1992
- H.R. 5664 (102nd): Federal Grants for State and Local “GI Bills” for Children
- H.R. 5586 (102nd): To promote safety and health in workplaces owned, operated, or under contract ...
- H.R. 2948 (102nd): Foreign Income Tax Reform Act of 1991
- H.R. 2805 (102nd): To extend the terms of the olestra patents, and for other purposes.
- H.R. 1865 (102nd): To suspend temporarily the duty on certain chemicals.
- H.R. 1797 (102nd): To suspend temporarily the duties on certain chemicals.
From Jan 1975 to Jan 1993, Gradison missed 386 of 9,483 roll call votes, which is 4.1%. This is on par with the median of 3.4% among the lifetime records of representatives serving in Jan 1993. The chart below reports missed votes over time.
We don’t track why legislators miss votes, but it’s often due to medical absenses and major life events.
|Time Period||Votes Eligible||Missed Votes||Percent||Percentile|
The information on this page is originally sourced from a variety of materials, including:
- unitedstates/congress-legislators, a community project gathering congressional information
- The House and Senate websites, for committee membership and voting records
- United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1990 by Howard L. Rosenthal and Keith T. Poole.
- Martis’s “The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress”, via Keith Poole’s roll call votes data set, for political party affiliation for Members of Congress from 1789 through about year 2000
- GovInfo.gov, for sponsored bills