S. 15 (108th): Project BioShield Act of 2004 (On Passage of the Bill)

Senate Vote #99 [primary source: senate.gov]
May 19, 2004 (108th Congress)
Bill Passed

This was a vote to pass a bill.

S. 15 (108th): Project BioShield Act of 2004
Introduced by Sen. Judd Gregg [R-NH, 1993-2010] on March 11, 2003
Totals     Republican     Democrat     Independent
  Yea 99
51 47 1
  Nay 0
0 0 0
Not Voting 1
0 1 0
Required: Simple Majority

Vote Details


What’s the difference between “aye” and “yea”?

There is no meaningful difference between “aye” and “yea” (and “nay” and “no”), but the terms are used in different sorts of votes based on Congress’s long tradition of parliamentary procedure.

The House and Senate follow the U.S. Constitution strictly when it says that bills should be decided on by the “yeas and nays” (Article I, Section 7). So they literally say “yea” and “nay” when voting on bills. In the Senate, they always use these words.

The House sometimes operates under a special set of rules called the “Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union” (or “Committee of the Whole” for short), which is a sort of pseudo-committee that is made up of every congressman. During this mode of operation, the House uses the terms “aye” and “no” instead, but the meaning is the same. (See the Rules of the House, Rule XX, and House Practice in the section Voting.)