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S. 764: A bill to reauthorize and amend the National Sea Grant College Program Act, and for other purposes.

Jul 14, 2016 at 12:56 p.m. ET. Concurring in the Senate Amendment in the House.

This was a vote to pass S. 764 (114th) in the House. The federal budget process occurs in two stages: appropriations, which set overall spending limits by agency or program, and authorizations, which direct how federal funds should (or should not) be used. Appropriation and authorization provisions are typically made for single fiscal years. A reauthorization bill like this one renews the authorizations of an expiring law.

This bill was the vehicle for passage of the Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act, which is the form it was enacted it. Prior to amendments, the bill regarded defunding Planned Parenthood and the National Sea Grant College Program.

As enacted, the bill created national food labeling standards for "bioengineered" foods and prohibited the states from mandating their own labeling standards for "genetically engineered" foods. For more, see our summary of H.R. 1599: Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act of 2015 .

The bill took on this form after the Senate's last vote, on July 7, 2015, on the measure, which replaced earlier text of the bill with the provisions related to genetically engineered food.

Prior to the Senate's vote, the bill was the Defund Planned Parenthood Act of 2015, which would have prohibited federal funds from going to Planned Parenthood Federation of America, for one year, unless Planned Parenthood certified that the funds would not be used to perform abortions outside of certain limited cases (rape, incest, or if the life of the mother is in jeopardy). Funding instead would have been increases by $235 million for a community health center program.

The abortion provisions were added by the House in its vote on September 18, 2015, when it struck all of the bill's previous text regarding the National Sea Grant College Program.

Totals

All Votes R D
Yea 72%
 
 
306
205
 
101
 
Nay 28%
 
 
117
36
 
81
 
Not Voting
 
 
10
5
 
5
 

Passed. Simple Majority Required. Source: house.gov.

Ideology Vote Chart

Key:
Republican - Yea Democrat - Yea Republican - Nay Democrat - Nay
Seat position based on our ideology score.

Cartogram Map

Each hexagon represents one congressional district. Solid hexes are Yea votes.

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Vote Details

Notes: The Speaker’s Vote? “Aye” or “Yea”?
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Statistically Notable Votes

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Study Guide

How well do you understand this vote? Use this study guide to find out.

You can find answers to most of the questions below here on the vote page. For a guide to understanding the bill this vote was about, see here.

What was the procedure for this vote?

  1. What was this vote on?
  2. Not all votes are meant to pass legislation. In the Senate some votes are not about legislation at all, since the Senate must vote to confirm presidential nominations to certain federal positions.

    This vote is related to a bill. However, that doesn’t necessarily tell you what it is about. Congress makes many decisions in the process of passing legislation, such as on the procedures for debating the bill, whether to change the bill before voting on passage, and even whether to vote on passage at all.

    You can learn more about the various motions used in Congress at EveryCRSReport.com. If you aren’t sure what the House was voting on, try seeing if it’s on this list.

  3. What is the next step after this vote?
  4. Take a look at where this bill is in the legislative process. What might come next? Keep in mind what this specific vote was on, and the context of the bill. Will there be amendments? Will the other chamber of Congress vote on it, or let it die?

    For this question it may help to briefly examine the bill itself.

What is your analysis of this vote?

  1. What trends do you see in this vote?
  2. Members of Congress side together for many reasons beside being in the same political party, especially so for less prominent legislation or legislation specific to a certain region. What might have determined how the roll call came out in this case? Does it look like Members of Congress voted based on party, geography, or some other reason?

    One tool that will be helpful in answering this question is the cartogram at the top of the page. A cartogram is a stylized map of the United States that shows each district as an identical hexagon. This view allows you to see the how the representatives from each district voted arranged by their geography and colored by their political party. What trends can you see in the cartogram for this vote?

  3. How did your representative vote?
  4. There is one vote here that should be more important to you than all the others. These are the votes cast by your representative, which is meant to represent you and your community. Do you agree with how your representative voted? Why do you think they voted the way they did?

    If you don’t already know who your Members of Congress are you can find them by entering your address here.

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