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H.R. 4909: STOP School Violence Act of 2018

Mar 14, 2018 at 3:10 p.m. ET. On Motion to Suspend the Rules and Pass, as Amended in the House.

This was a vote to pass H.R. 4909 (115th) in the House. This vote was taken under a House procedure called “suspension of the rules” which is typically used to pass non-controversial bills. Votes under suspension require a 2/3rds majority. A failed vote under suspension can be taken again.

After February’s Parkland high school massacre, a Republican bill introduced mere weeks before is now gaining significant traction — including the Democratic representative from Parkland. It just passed the House.

What the bill does

The Student, Teachers, and Officers Preventing (STOP) School Violence Actwould appropriate $50 million per year for:

  • Schools to develop “threat assessment systems” in line with recommendations from the FBI and Secret Services, in hopes of stopping such would-be killers before they commit acts of violence.
  • Anonymous reporting systems to be implemented for use by students, teachers, or others to contact law enforcement about potential threats.
  • Improving school security through the use of technologies and increased personnel.
  • None of the money in the bill would be used to arm teachers, the most controversial gun-related provision proposed in the wake of the shooting, one endorsed by President Trump.

The House bill was introduced by Rep. John Rutherford (R-FL4) in late January, about two weeks before the Parkland high school shooting in Rutherford’s home state. It did not take place in his home district, located in northeastern Florida bordering Georgia, hundreds of miles from the southern part of the state where the massacre occurred.

The legislation is numbered H.R. 4909 in the House and S. 2495 in the Senate.

What supporters say

Supporters argue the bill will help gives all parties — from law enforcement to teachers to students — improved abilities to potentially stop these tragedies from occurring in the first place.

“As a career police officer and sheriff for 12 years in my hometown of Jacksonville, I know first-hand the importance of communities working together with their law enforcement agencies to keep people safe,” House lead sponsor Rutherford said in a news conference.

“This bill invests in early intervention and prevention programs in our local schools, so that our communities and law enforcement can be partners in preventing violent events from happening. We need to give students, teachers, and law enforcement the tools and training they need to identify warning signs and to know who to contact when they see something that is not right.

What opponents say

While not usually objecting to the actual provisions of the bill, most critics rather argue that the reforms contained are window dressing compared to the true issue of gun control, which most federal Republicans refuse to enact or even consider.

“We certainly should do more to make our schools safer, but it is shameful that we must do so because of our failure to reduce the threat of gun violence to children,” House Judiciary Committee Ranking Member Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY10) said in a press release.

“It should be unacceptable to all of us that we must take steps to train staff and students to protect themselves against these types of incidents, instead of spending more money on actually educating our young people,” Nadler continued. “This bill does not include any provisions to strengthen our gun laws or to help keep guns out of the hands of those who should not possess them. Evidence and experience tell us that we must establish universal background checks instead of the flawed system we now have.”

(Nadler still voted for the bill regardless.)

Odds of passage

The bill passed on March 14 by a nearly unanimous 407–10 House voteFive Republicans and five Democrats voted against it.

It had attracted 94 bipartisan House cosponsors: 61 Republicans and 33 Democrats, notably including Rep. Ted Deutch (D-FL22) who represents the district where February’s massacre took place. Only three of the 94 cosponsors signed on prior to the Parkland shooting. Interestingly, Deutch was one of those three.

The Senate version was introduced on March 5 by Sen. Orrin Hatch (R-UT). It has attracted 35 bipartisan cosponsors: 19 Republicans, 15 Democrats, and one independent. Both of Florida’s two senators, Republican Marco Rubio and Democrat Bill Nelson, have signed on.

Totals

All Votes R D
Yea 98%
 
 
407
229
 
178
 
Nay 2%
 
 
10
5
 
5
 
Not Voting
 
 
13
3
 
10
 

Passed. 2/3 Required. Source: house.gov.

Ideology Vote Chart

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Republican - Yea Democrat - Yea Republican - Nay Democrat - Nay
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Cartogram Map

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Study Guide

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You can find answers to most of the questions below here on the vote page. For a guide to understanding the bill this vote was about, see here.

What was the procedure for this vote?

  1. What was this vote on?
  2. Not all votes are meant to pass legislation. In the Senate some votes are not about legislation at all, since the Senate must vote to confirm presidential nominations to certain federal positions.

    This vote is related to a bill. However, that doesn’t necessarily tell you what it is about. Congress makes many decisions in the process of passing legislation, such as on the procedures for debating the bill, whether to change the bill before voting on passage, and even whether to vote on passage at all.

    You can learn more about the various motions used in Congress at EveryCRSReport.com. If you aren’t sure what the House was voting on, try seeing if it’s on this list.

  3. What is the next step after this vote?
  4. Take a look at where this bill is in the legislative process. What might come next? Keep in mind what this specific vote was on, and the context of the bill. Will there be amendments? Will the other chamber of Congress vote on it, or let it die?

    For this question it may help to briefly examine the bill itself.

What is your analysis of this vote?

  1. What trends do you see in this vote?
  2. Members of Congress side together for many reasons beside being in the same political party, especially so for less prominent legislation or legislation specific to a certain region. What might have determined how the roll call came out in this case? Does it look like Members of Congress voted based on party, geography, or some other reason?

    One tool that will be helpful in answering this question is the cartogram at the top of the page. A cartogram is a stylized map of the United States that shows each district as an identical hexagon. This view allows you to see the how the representatives from each district voted arranged by their geography and colored by their political party. What trends can you see in the cartogram for this vote?

  3. How did your representative vote?
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