Motion to Invoke Cloture: House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 195
This was the second procedural vote to pass H.R. 195, the vehicle for passage for short-term continuing appropriations through Feb. 16, 2018, in the Senate. This was a vote on cloture, to end debate, which required 60 votes. The vote failed hours before federal government funding expired at the end of Jan. 19, sending the federal government into a shutdown on Jan 20.
A "yea" vote was to proceed to a final vote on short-term government funding. The details of what the final Senate bill would have included were not known at the time of the vote but reportedly would have included an extension of the children's health insurance program CHIP, reinstatement of deferred action for childhood illegal immigrants DACA, as well as border security provisions such as a southern wall. A "nay" vote was to delay a final vote to continue negotiations.
(H.R. 195 has had its text replaced in whole twice before. The bill was previously Kevin and Avonte's Law of 2017 and before that a bill to save $1 million annually by ending the printed publication of the Federal Register. See the bill for details.)
This vote was related to a bill introduced by Rep. Steve Russell [R-OK5, 2015-2018] on January 3, 2017, H.R. 195: Extension of Continuing Appropriations Act, 2018; HEALTHY KIDS Act; Federal Register Printing Savings Act of 2017.
Cloture Motion Rejected. 3/5 Required. Source: senate.gov.
The Yea votes represented 43% of the country’s population by apportioning each state’s population to its voting senators.
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Sen. Mitch McConnell (R), the Senate Majority Leader, voted Nay against his party.
Somtimes a party leader will vote on the winning side, even if it is against his or her position, to have the right to call for a new vote under a motion to reconsider. For more, see this explanation from The Washington Post.
We do not know the rationale behind any vote, however.
“Aye” and “Yea” mean the same thing, and so do “No” and “Nay”. Congress uses different words in different sorts of votes.
The U.S. Constitution says that bills should be decided on by the “yeas and nays” (Article I, Section 7). Congress takes this literally and uses “yea” and “nay” when voting on the final passage of bills.
All Senate votes use these words. But the House of Representatives uses “Aye” and “No” in other sorts of votes.
|Yea||LA||R||Kennedy, John Neely||0.6867512976452176|
|Nay||NV||D||Cortez Masto, Catherine||0.26917501554249723|
|Nay||MD||D||Van Hollen, Chris||0.22079226382909278|
|Nay||KY||R||McConnell, Mitch *||0.7949613690544788|
|No Vote||AZ||R||McCain, John||0.7404777530237848|
Statistically Notable Votes
Statistically notable votes are the votes that are most surprising, or least predictable, given how other members of each voter’s party voted and other factors.
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You can find answers to most of the questions below here on the vote page. For a guide to understanding the bill this vote was about, see here.
What was the procedure for this vote?
- What was this vote on?
- What is the next step after this vote?
Not all votes are meant to pass legislation. In the Senate some votes are not about legislation at all, since the Senate must vote to confirm presidential nominations to certain federal positions.
This vote is related to a bill. However, that doesn’t necessarily tell you what it is about. Congress makes many decisions in the process of passing legislation, such as on the procedures for debating the bill, whether to change the bill before voting on passage, and even whether to vote on passage at all.
You can learn more about the various motions used in Congress at EveryCRSReport.com. If you aren’t sure what the Senate was voting on, try seeing if it’s on this list.
Take a look at where this bill is in the legislative process. What might come next? Keep in mind what this specific vote was on, and the context of the bill. Will there be amendments? Will the other chamber of Congress vote on it, or let it die?
For this question it may help to briefly examine the bill itself.
What is your analysis of this vote?
- What trends do you see in this vote?
- How did your senators vote?
- How much of the United States population is represented by the yeas?
Members of Congress side together for many reasons beside being in the same political party, especially so for less prominent legislation or legislation specific to a certain region. What might have determined how the roll call came out in this case? Does it look like Members of Congress voted based on party, geography, or some other reason?
There are two votes here that should be more important to you than all the others. These are the votes cast by your senators, which are meant to represent you and your community. Do you agree with how your senators voted? Why do you think they voted the way they did?
If you don’t already know who your Members of Congress are you can find them by entering your address here.
GovTrack displays the percentage of the United States population represented by the yeas on some Senate votes just under the vote totals. We do this to highlight how the people of the United States are represented in the Senate. Since each state has two senators, but state populations vary significantly, the individuals living in each state have different Senate representation. For example, California’s population of near 40 million is given the same number of senators as Wyoming’s population of about 600,000.
Do the senators who voted yea represent a majority of the people of the United States? Does it matter?
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