TO PASS H.R. 13635.


Aug 9, 1978


House Vote #1291
95th Congress




Professor Keith Poole

This vote was related to a bill introduced by Rep. George Mahon [D-TX19, 1961-1978] on July 27, 1978, H.R. 13635 (95th): Department of Defense Appropriation Act.

Totals     Democrat     Republican
  Yea 340
209 131
  Nay 62
58 4
Not Voting 30
19 11
Required: unknown

Vote Details

Notes: The Speaker’s Vote?
The Speaker of the House is not required to vote in “ordinary legislative proceedings, except when such vote would be decisive.” In practice, this means the Speaker of the House rarely votes and only does so when it is politically useful. When the Speaker declines to vote, he or she is simply omitted from the roll call by the House Clerk. (See House Rules, Rule I(7).)
Accuracy of Historical Records

Our database of roll call votes from 1789-1989 (1990 for House votes) comes from an academic data source,, that has digitized paper records going back more than 200 years. Because of the difficulty of this task, the accuracy of these vote records is reduced..

In particular, these records do not distinguish between Members of Congress not voting (abstaining) from Members of Congress who were not eligible to vote because they had not yet taken office, or for other reasons. As a result, you may see Senate votes with more than 100 senators listed! But, typically, the extra senators will be listed as not voting.

“Aye” or “Yea”?

“Aye” and “Yea” mean the same thing, and so do “No” and “Nay”. Congress uses different words in different sorts of votes.

The U.S. Constitution says that bills should be decided on by the “yeas and nays” (Article I, Section 7). Congress takes this literally and uses “yea” and “nay” when voting on the final passage of bills.

All Senate votes use these words. But the House of Representatives uses “Aye” and “No” in other sorts of votes.