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Congressional Misconduct Database

This page lists 384 instances of misconduct and alleged misconduct by Members of the United States Congress from 1789 to the present and is updated as new information becomes available.

The investigations, settlements, and resignations listed on this page do not imply guilt in the absence of a conviction, guilty plea, etc. We include investigations even if the Member of Congress is exonerated because the investigation and exoneration are themselves important events. Conversely, investigations that end without a guilty determination do not imply innocence.

What’s Included On This Page

We have included:

  • All letters of reproval, censures, and expulsions from Congress from 1789 to the present.
  • All investigations by the House Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE), the House Committee on Ethics (HCE), and the Senate Select Committee on Ethics (SSCE), and other investigations by a body of Congress that involved alleged personal misconduct from 1789 to the present, including all investigations by the Senate on whether to allow a senator-elect to be seated when it stemmed from allegations of personal misconduct.
  • As many monetary settlements that we are aware of, e.g. those administered by Congress’s Office of Compliance regarding sexual harassment claims, but many settlements are not known to the public.
  • Resignations that we believe to be likely relevant to an allegation of misconduct, because Members of Congress often resign to head-off a Congressional investigation.
  • Felony convictions and other cases of misconduct with national significance before and after the Member's time in Congress.

Are They Guilty

Investigations, settlements, and resignations do not imply guilt. Some investigations are motivated by politics or a personal grudge, settlements are often used when it would be less costly than defending a law suit, and Members of Congress often resign when they are likely to lose re-election (regardless of why). We include investigations even if the Member of Congress is exonerated because the investigation and exoneration are themselves important events that it is a part of our mission to chronicle.

Conversely, an investigation that ends without a guilty determination does not imply innocence --- Congress polices itself in many cases and Members of Congress are reluctant to punish their peers.

Not all misconduct is treated equally, and the types of misconduct that have consequences have changed drastically over time. You won’t see sexual harassment before the 1980s, but you will see overt racism, enforcement of sodomy law, and murder.

Further Reading

For more background on how disciplinary actions work in Congress, see these reports by the Congressional Research Service:

Sources

This database is sourced from a variety of materials, including contemporary news reports, as well as:

Our raw data for this page is available for reuse on GitHub.

Overview

Types of misconduct and alleged misconduct over time

Consequences of misconduct and alleged misconduct over time

Misconduct and alleged misconduct

filter: bribery & corruption other crimes ethics violation sexual harassment & abuse campaign & elections expulsion censure reprimand resignation exclusion settlement conviction in court pleaded in court resolved unresolved

Rep. Paul Gosar [R-AZ4]

ethics violation resolved

In February 2018, a resolution to reprimand Rep. Gosar for attempting to pressure Capitol Police via Twitter to arrest State of the Union 2018 guests he described as "illegal aliens" was tabled (i.e. failed) on party lines, 231-187. Several Democratic representatives brought undocumented immigrants who are currently part of the DACA program to the speech.

Jan. 30, 2018 Asked Capitol Police to arrest DACA recipients attending the 2018 State of the Union address.
Feb. 6, 2018 House of Representatives tabled resolution of reprimand, 231-187

Rep. Elizabeth Esty [D-CT5]

sexual harassment & abuse unresolved

In April of 2018, Rep. Esty announced she would not seek reelection after she admitted that she had failed to address sexual harassment by one staffer against another in a timely manner. She said she had also asked for a review of her office's actions by the House Committee on Ethics.

Apr. 2, 2018 Esty announced she would not seek re-election in 2018.

Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]

campaign & elections unresolved

In 2018, the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) announced it was investigating Nunes for receiving campaign contributions in excess of limits and from prohibited entities.

Mar. 20, 2018 Federal Elections Commission sent a letter to Nunes' campaign treasurer

Rep. Robert Brady [D-PA1]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections unresolved

Brady faced an allegation of leading a criminal conspiracy to hide a $90,000 payment made to persuade a 2012 primary opponent to drop out of the race. On Nov. 1, 2017, the Federal Bureau of Investigation issued a search warrant for email.

Nov. 1, 2017 Federal Bureau of Investigation issued a search warrant for email

Rep. Patrick Meehan [R-PA7, 2011-2018]

sexual harassment & abuse unresolved

While serving on the House Committee on Ethics, Meehan used taxpayer funds to settle a 2017 sexual harassment complaint privately, heading off an investigation. He was subsequently removed from the House Committee on Ethics. In March 2018, the House Committee on Ethics had established and staffed an Investigative Subcommittee.

Jan. 20, 2018 House of Representatives removed Meehan from his position on the House Committee on Ethics
Jan. 22, 2018 House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation
Mar. 8, 2018 House Committee on Ethics has established and staffed the Investigative Subcommittee

Rep. John “Jimmy” Duncan [R-TN2]

campaign & elections unresolved

In 2017, the Office of Congressional Ethics recommended further review of allegations against Rep. Duncan, Jr. for converting campaign funds to personal use and accepting contributions from staff while reimbursing them for those contributions from the campaign committee. In 2018, the House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.

Dec. 19, 2017 Office of Congressional Ethics recommended further review by the House Committee on Ethics
Apr. 4, 2018 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.

Rep. Ruben Kihuen [D-NV4]

sexual harassment & abuse unresolved

On Dec. 15, 2017, the House Committee on Ethics announced that it had begun an investigation into allegations of sexual harassment by Kihuen.

Dec. 15, 2017 House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation
Dec. 16, 2017 Kihuen will not seek re-election.
Dec. 21, 2017 House Committee on Ethics voted unanimously to establish an Investigative Subcommittee
Jan. 2, 2018 House Committee on Ethics named members of the Investigative Subcommittee

Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2017 Gutiérrez was investigated for having been arrested during a December protest outside of the White House. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine has been paid. On November 28, 2017, Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection to Congress.

Dec. 21, 2017 House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine was paid
Nov. 28, 2017 Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection to Congress.

Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]

ethics violation resolved

In 2017 Chu was investigated for having been arrested during a December protest outside of the White House. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine has been paid.

Dec. 21, 2017 House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine was paid

Rep. Trent Franks [R-AZ8, 2013-2017]

sexual harassment & abuse resignation resolved

In 2017, Franks resigned due to reports that he had asked staff members to carry his surrogate child and had offered one staffer $5 million dollars to impregnate her via intercourse.

Dec. 7, 2017 House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation
Dec. 9, 2017 Resigned.

Sen. Alan “Al” Franken [D-MN, 2009-2017]

sexual harassment & abuse resignation resolved

On December 7, 2017, Senator Franken announced his resignation which was effective January 2, 2018 due to allegations of sexual harassment. Select Committee on Ethics began investigating Senator Franken on November 30, 2017.

Nov. 30, 2017 Senate Select Committee on Ethics began investigating Senator Franken
Dec. 7, 2017 Franken announced his resignation, which was effective January 2, 2018.

Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]

ethics violation sexual harassment & abuse resignation resolved

On December 5, 2017, Conyers resigned from office at the start of an investigation for sexual harassment, age discrimination, and improper use of official resources for personal purposes.

Nov. 21, 2017 House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation
Dec. 5, 2017 Conyers resigned from office.

Rep. Bob Filner [D-CA51, 2003-2012]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In 2013 Filner pleaded guilty to groping, sexually suggestive comments and unwanted advances as mayor of San Diego, CA. In Nov. 2017, Rep. Diana DeGettee alleged that Filner had groped her when their Congressional terms overlapped.

Oct. 13, 2013 Pleaded guilty to groping, sexually suggestive comments and unwanted advances as mayor of San Diego, CA.
Nov. 20, 2017 Rep. Diana DeGette alleged that Filner had groped her while he was still in Congress.

Sen. Robert “Bob” Menéndez [D-NJ]

bribery & corruption reprimand resolved

Menendez was investigated for unspecified misconduct in 2012. The Senate investigation was halted during his investigation and trial for corruption and bribery which resulted in a mistrial. In April 2018, the Senate Select Committee on Ethics admonished Senator Menendez for violating Senate rules and ordered him to repay any remaining outstanding value of impermissable gifts.

Nov. 16, 2017 Senate Select Committee on Ethics reopened its investigation after Menendez's corruption and bribery case ended in a mistrial
Apr. 26, 2018 Senate Select Committee on Ethics admonished Senator Menendez for violating Senate rules and ordered him to repay any remaining outstanding value of impermissable gifts

Rep. Anthony Weiner [D-NY9, 1999-2011]

other crimes sexual harassment & abuse resignation pleaded in court resolved

Weiner sent sexually explicit texts to women who were not his wife, including to a 15-year-old girl. On Jun. 21, 2011, he resigned. On Oct. 28, 2016, the Director of the FBI, James Comey, publicly reopened his investigation into presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton because the computer seized as part of the Weiner investigation contained some emails that might have been relevant to a prior investigation into Clinton.

Jun. 21, 2011 Resigned.
Sep. 21, 2016 A newspaper article claimed Weiner had sent explicit text messages to a 15 year old girl and computers were seized as part of the investigation into the incident.
Oct. 28, 2016 The Director of the FBI, James Comey, publicly reopened his investigation into presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton because the computer seized as part of the Weiner investigation contained some emails that might have been relevant to a prior investigation into Clinton.
May. 19, 2017 Surrendered to the FBI and pleaded guilty to a single charge of transferring obscene materials to a minor.
Nov. 6, 2017 Sentenced to 21 months in prison.

Rep. William Jefferson [D-LA2, 1991-2008]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

In 2009 Jefferson was convicted of bribery. In 2012, he was sentenced to 13 years in prison. In 2017, 7 of the 10 indictments were dismissed and he was released from prison.

2009 Convicted.
2012 Sentenced to 13 years in prison.
2017 Seven of the 10 indictments were dismissed and he was released from prison.

Rep. Chris Collins [R-NY27]

ethics violation unresolved

In 2017 Collins was investigated for sharing material nonpublic information in the purchase of Innate stock, may have used his status to purchase discounted stock and in 2013 may have directed an NIH employee to meet with Innate staff to discuss a clinical trial. The House Committee on Ethics recommended further review.

Jul. 14, 2017 Office of Congressional Ethics recommended further review by the House Committee on Ethics
Aug. 28, 2017 House Committee on Ethics decided to extend the matter
Oct. 12, 2017 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Collins's response.

Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2017 Gutiérrez was investigated for having been arrested during a protest outside of the White House. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine has been paid. On November 28, 2017, Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection to Congress.

Sep. 14, 2017 House Committee on Ethics adopted a report recommending no action as the fine was paid
Nov. 28, 2017 Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection to Congress.

Rep. Madeleine Bordallo [D-GU0]

ethics violation unresolved

In 2017 Bardallo was investigated for receiving profit from a foreign government; excess gifts; use of official funds for personal travel; and using congressional staff for personal services. The House Committee on Ethics recommended further review.

Jun. 12, 2017 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee further review the allegation that Del. Bordallo received rental profit, received gifts of free lodging, meals, and amenities, and using official funds to pay for her lodging and meals, and recommended that the Committee dismiss the allegation that Del. Bordallo used her congressional staff to perform personal services
Jul. 27, 2017 House Committee on Ethics decided to extend the matter
Sep. 11, 2017 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Bordallo's response.

Rep. John Conyers [D-MI13, 2013-2017]

ethics violation resignation resolved

In 2017 Conyers was investigated for compensating staff for work in 2016 not commensurate with pay with House of Representatives funds. The House Committee on Ethics recommended further review.

May. 11, 2017 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jun. 26, 2017 House Committee on Ethics decided to extend the matter
Aug. 9, 2017 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Conyers's response.
Dec. 5, 2017 Conyers resigned from office.

Rep. Ben Luján [D-NM3]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

In 2017 Lujan was investigated for requesting that his congressional campaign committee issue communications, including requests for donations, using images of him in a “sit-in” demonstration in the House. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that no action was needed.

May. 11, 2017 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jun. 26, 2017 House Committee on Ethics decided to extend the matter
Aug. 1, 2017 House Committee on Ethics adopted a report concluding that no action was needed

Rep. Roger Williams [R-TX25]

ethics violation resolved

In 2017 Williams was investigated for improperly taking official action in 2015 on a matter in which he had a personal financial interest. The House Committee on Ethics concluded the Williams Amendment could have affected Representative Williams’ personal financial interests, however the totality of the circumstances surrounding Representative Williams’ actions did not create a reasonable inference of improper conduct.

May. 13, 2016 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Aug. 1, 2017 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the Williams Amendment could have affected Representative Williams’ personal financial interests, however the totality of the circumstances surrounding Representative Williams’ actions did not create a reasonable inference of improper conduct

Rep. Greg Gianforte [R-MT0]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

In 2017 Gianforte pleaded guilty to assaulting a reporter in 2017 the night before he was elected to Congress.

2017 Pleaded guilty.

Rep. Devin Nunes [R-CA22]

ethics violation resolved

In 2017 Nunes was investigated for unauthorized disclosures of classified information. The investigation is closed as of 12/07/2017.

Apr. 6, 2017 House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation
Dec. 7, 2017 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the information was not classified

Rep. Duncan Hunter [R-CA50]

other crimes campaign & elections unresolved

In 2016 Hunter was investigated for converting funds from his congressional campaign committee for personal use. The House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice.

Aug. 31, 2016 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Mar. 23, 2017 House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice
Mar. 23, 2018 House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice

Rep. Dennis “Denny” Hastert [R-IL14, 1987-2007]

sexual harassment & abuse pleaded in court resolved

In 2016 Hastert pleaded guilty to child molestation, 10 years after leaving Congress. In 2006, Hastert declined to run for office again. He was indicted in 2015, served 13 months in prison and was released in 2017.

2006 Hastert did not seek reelection.
2015 Indicted.
2016 Pleaded guilty, served 13 months in prison.

Rep. Marlin Stutzman [R-IN3, 2010-2016]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2016 Stutzman was investigated for using campaign funds for a 2015 family trip which included some campaign activity. The House Committee on Ethics recommended further review; however after Stutzman's loss in the 2016 election, the investigation was ended.

Aug. 31, 2016 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Nov. 29, 2017 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Stutzman's response.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that election loss ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Alan Grayson [D-FL9, 2013-2016]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Grayson was investigated for numerous alleged violations, the majority of which relate to his leadership and ownership of a hedge fund and law firms, omissions from his annual financial disclosure forms, and the use of official resources for unofficial purposes. He lost the 2016 election.

Apr. 5, 2016 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Jan. 3, 2017 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Grayson's response.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Michael “Mike” Honda [D-CA17, 2013-2016]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

In 2015 Honda was investigated for using official resources for campaign purposes. The House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Honda's response. Honda lost his 2016 election.

Jun. 5, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Sep. 3, 2015 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Honda's response.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that election loss ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

In 2016 Brown was convicted for a range of mail violations, wire fraud, defrauding the IRS and related charges. In 2016, Brown lost in the primary and in 2017 she was convicted of the charges against her. In December 2017, she was sentenced to five years in prison.

Mar. 23, 2016 House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice
2016 Brown lost in the primary.
2017 Convicted and was sentenced to five years in prison.

Rep. David McKinley [R-WV1]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2016 McKinley received a letter of reproval for remaining a named partner in his prior business after being elected to Congress. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval.

Sep. 27, 2016 House Committee on Ethics concluded McKinley violated House rules and issued a letter of reproval

Rep. Mark Meadows [R-NC11]

ethics violation unresolved

In 2016 Meadows was investigated for retaining an employee through 2015 who did not perform duties after 2014 commensurate with the compensation the employee received. The House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.

May. 18, 2016 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Aug. 17, 2016 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.

Rep. Ed Whitfield [R-KY1, 1995-2016]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2016 Whitfield received a letter of reproval for permitting his spouse to lobby him and/or his congressional staff from 2011 to 2014. The House Committee on Ethics found the violation occured and that the report would be the reproval.

Nov. 10, 2014 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 4, 2016 House Committee on Ethics found the violation occured and that the report would be the reproval

Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

In 2012 Buchanan was investigated for improperly influencing a witness before the FEC and illegally reimbursing campaign contributors. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence on the allegation of witness tampering, but that the illegal reimbursements did occur, albeit without the representative's knowledge.

May. 9, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Jun. 24, 2016 House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence on the allegation of witness tampering, but that the illegal reimbursements did occur, albeit without the Representative's knowledge

Rep. Chaka Fattah [D-PA2, 1995-2016]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

In 2016 Fattah was convicted for conspiracy, racketeering, bribery, fraud, falsification of records, making false statements, and money laundering after a 2015 House investigation had been launched. The House Committee on Ethics ended its investigation when Fattah resigned. Fattah resigned in 2016, two days after being convicted of the charges. He is currently serving a ten year sentence.

Jun. 24, 2016 House Committee on Ethics ended the investigation when Fattah resigned
2016 Fattah resigned in 2016, two days after being convicted of the charges.

Rep. Jared Polis [D-CO2]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Polis was investigated for official endorsement of commercial products. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that no action was needed.

Dec. 14, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Dec. 14, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded that no action was needed

Rep. Robert Pittenger [R-NC9]

ethics violation unresolved

In 2015 Pittenger was investigated for compensation for his involvement with a fiduciary business, a real estate investment firm known as Pittenger Land Investments, Inc. The House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice. In May 2017, the FBI closed the investigation without making any charges.

Nov. 18, 2015 House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics continued to defer to the Department of Justice
May 2017 The FBI closed the investigation without making any charges.

Rep. Blake Farenthold [R-TX27, 2011-2018]

bribery & corruption sexual harassment & abuse campaign & elections resignation settlement resolved

In 2015 Farenthold was investigated for sexual harassment on the basis of a 2014 lawsuit filed against him alleging sexual harassment. The lawsuit was resolved in 2015 with a taxpayer-funded settlement that was revealed in 2017, and the House Committee on Ethics investigation was re-opened. On April 6, 2018, Farenthold resigned. On April 12, the House Committee on Ethics closed the investigation due to loss of jurisdiction.

Sep. 28, 2015 House Committee on Ethics recommended further review, but to postpone that review until the lawsuit was resolved
2015 The lawsuit was resolved with a taxpayer-funded settlement that was revealed in 2017.
Dec. 7, 2017 House Committee on Ethics re-opened the investigation
Dec. 13, 2017 House Committee on Ethics named members to the Investigative Subcommittee
Dec. 13, 2017 Farenthold announced he would not seek reelection in 2018.
Dec. 21, 2017 House Committee on Ethics expanded the range of allegations being investigated to include campaign finance violations
Apr. 6, 2018 Farenthold resigned.
Apr. 12, 2018 House Committee on Ethics closed its investigation due to loss of jurisdiction

Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham [D-NM1]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Grisham was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Meeks was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Ted Poe [R-TX2]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Poe was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Jim Bridenstine [R-OK1, 2013-2018]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Bridenstine was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Yvette Clarke [D-NY9]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Clarke was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Danny Davis [D-IL7]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Davis was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Lee was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Leonard Lance [R-NJ7]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Lance was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities

Rep. Rubén Hinojosa [D-TX15, 1997-2016]

ethics violation resolved

In 2015 Hinojosa was investigated for travel funded or organized by one or more entities prohibited from providing congressional travel. The House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities. Hinojosa did not seek reelection in 2016.

May. 8, 2015 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jul. 31, 2015 House Committee on Ethics concluded implicated House members did not intentionally accept gifts from prohibited entities
2016 Hinojosa did not seek reelection.

Rep. Aaron Schock [R-IL18, 2009-2015]

other crimes ethics violation campaign & elections resignation resolved

In 2018 Schock will be tried for soliciting campaign contributions in excess of legally allowed amounts. In 2013, the House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Schock's response. In 2015, Schock resigned amid a host of allegations of improper use of campaign funds.

Aug. 30, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Feb. 6, 2013 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and Rep. Schock's response.
Mar. 17, 2015 Schock resigned effective Mar. 31, 2015.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that the member's resignation ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Paul Broun [R-GA10, 2007-2014]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

In 2014 Broun was investigated for using official resources for campaign purposes. The House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response. Broun lost his 2014 election.

Jul. 31, 2014 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Oct. 29, 2015 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Nov. 4, 2014 Broun lost reelection.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Michele Bachmann [R-MN6, 2007-2014]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2013 Bachmann was investigated for campaign finance violations. The House Committee on Ethics recommended further review. When Bachmann did not seek reelection in 2014, the investigation ende.

Jun. 13, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations and referred the information obtained during the course of its review to the FEC.
Sep. 11, 2013 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
2014 Bachmann did not seek reelection.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Timothy Bishop [D-NY1, 2003-2014]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2013 Bishop was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for constituent services in 2012. The House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.. Representative Bishop lost the 2014 election.

Jun. 13, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Sep. 11, 2013 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Nov. 4, 2014 Bishop lost reelection.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Thomas “Tom” Petri [R-WI6, 1979-2014]

ethics violation resolved

In 2014 Petri was investigated for performing official work on behalf of companies in which he had a financial interest from 2008 to 2013. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action. Petri announced in November 2014 he would not seek reelection.

Jul. 2, 2014 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Dec. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action
November 2014 Petri announced he would not seek reelection.

Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In 2012 Hastings was investigated for sexual harassment and employment retaliation. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to act further even though the representative admitted to "less than professional behavior".

Nov. 8, 2011 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Dec. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to act further even though the representative admitted to "less than professional behavior"

Rep. Phil Gingrey [R-GA11, 2003-2014]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2012 Gingrey was investigated for 2011 compensation from banks on whose behalf he advocated. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that Gingrey did advocate for banks in which he had a financial interest and issued a letter of reproval. In 2014, Representative Gingrey lost in the primary for one of Georgia's Senate seats.

Dec. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics concluded that Gingrey did advocate for banks in which he had a financial interest and issued a letter of reproval
2014 Gingrey lost the primary for one of Georgia's Senate seats.

Rep. Judy Chu [D-CA27]

ethics violation campaign & elections reprimand resolved

In 2014 Chu received a letter of reproval for using House staff to perform campaign activities and then obstructing the investigation. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that the campaign work occured without her knowledge but because Chu attempted to obstruct the investigation, a letter of reproval was issued.

Dec. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the campaign work occured without her knowledge but because Chu attempted to obstruct the investigation, a letter of reproval was issued

Rep. Michael Grimm [R-NY11, 2013-2014]

other crimes campaign & elections resignation pleaded in court resolved

In 2014 Grimm pleaded guilty to tax evasion after having been investigated for violating federal campaign finance laws by soliciting and accepting prohibited campaign contributions, causing false information to be included in campaign finance reports, and improperly seeking assistance from a foreign national in soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for offering to use his official position to assist that individual in obtaining a green card. This plea came three years after the Office of Congressional Ethics began an investigation of the allegations. Grimm resigned in January 2015 and served seven months in prison.

Nov. 26, 2014 House Committee on Ethics deferred to the Department of Justice
2014 Grimm pleaded guilty to tax evasion.
2015 Resigned and served seven months in prison.

Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2014 Rush was investigated for allowing state and federal campaign committees to accept in-kind contributions. With publication of its report, the House Committee on Ethics reproved Rush for accepting a gift of rent-free office space even if it did not amount to a campaign contribution and ordered him to repay the value of the gift.

Jun. 10, 2014 House Office of Congressional Ethics referred the case to the House Committee on Ethics
Nov. 10, 2014 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Mar. 22, 2018 House Committee on Ethics with publication of its report, the committee reproved the member for accepting a gift of rent-free office space even if it did not amount to a campaign contribution and ordered him to repay the value of the gift.

Rep. Gwen Moore [D-WI4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2014 Moore was investigated for an arrest at a 2014 protest in Wisconsin. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that the fines would be paid and no further investigation was required.

Sep. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the fines would be paid and no further investigation was required

Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2014 Young received a letter of reproval for improper travel gifts and failure to disclose them. The House Committee on Ethics concluded Young had improperly accepted travel gifts and issued a letter of reproval.

Jun. 20, 2014 House Committee on Ethics concluded Young had improperly accepted travel gifts and issued a letter of reproval

Rep. Steve Stockman [R-TX36, 2013-2014]

ethics violation campaign & elections conviction in court resolved

Stockman was convicted of fraud in 2018 related to personal and other improper use of campaign funds. In 2014 the House began an investigation into conspiring to accept contributions to his congressional campaign committee from individuals who were employed by his congressional office. Stockman lost the 2014 Senate primary and did not win re-election to his House seat.

Mar. 13, 2014 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Jun. 11, 2014 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
2014 Stockman lost the Senate primary and did not win reelection to his House seat.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.
Apr. 12, 2018 Convicted of 23 felonies.

Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2013 Gutiérrez was investigated for using funds from his Members Representational Allowance from 2003-2013 for an impermissible purpose - to retain an individual to provide services to his congressional office that more closely resemble those provided by an employee or consultant, rather than a contractor. In March 2018, the House Committee on Ethics reproved Gutiérrez for using his Member Representational Allowance inappropriately, albeit possibly unwittingly, and ordered him to reimburse the US Treasury for that use. On November 28, 2017, Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection.

Dec. 4, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
May. 5, 2014 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.
Nov. 28, 2017 Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection.
Mar. 22, 2018 House Committee on Ethics reproved Gutiérrez for using his Member Representational Allowance inappropriately, albeit possibly unwittingly, and ordered him to reimburse the US Treasury for that use

Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers [R-WA5]

ethics violation campaign & elections unresolved

In 2013 Rodgers was investigated for using official resources, including staff, for campaign activities, paying a consultant for official services with funds from political committees, and combining official resources and campaign resources in furtherance of a campaign for a House leadership office from 2010 to 2012. As of 2018, the House Committee on Ethics has yet to conclude its review.

Dec. 23, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics referred the case to the House Committee on Ethics
Mar. 24, 2014 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.

Rep. Markwayne Mullin [R-OK2]

ethics violation unresolved

In 2013 Mullin was investigated for receiving excess outside earned income, endorsing companies or products as part of outside employment and serving as a board member or officer for outside companies. As of 2018, the House Committee on Ethics has yet to conclude its review.

Dec. 23, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Mar. 24, 2014 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.
Jan. 2, 2017 House Committee on Ethics reported that the review would continue into the next Congress.

Rep. Robert “Rob” Andrews [D-NJ1, 1990-2014]

campaign & elections resignation resolved

In 2013 Andrews was investigated for improper use of campaign funds for personal use. The House Committee on Ethics established an independent subcommittee. In 2014, Andrews resigned from Congress and House Committee on Ethics' jurisdiction over the member ended.

Apr. 2, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended further review
Mar. 19, 2013 House Committee on Ethics established an independent subcommittee
Feb. 4, 2014 Andrews resigned from Congress effect Feb. 18, 2014.
Jan. 2, 2015 House Committee on Ethics reported that the member's resignation ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Trey Radel [R-FL19, 2013-2014]

other crimes resignation pleaded in court resolved

In 2013 Radel pleaded guilty to possession of cocaine. The House Committee on Ethics ended the investigation when Radel resigned. In 2014, Radel was sentenced to probation, which he served.

2013 Pleaded guilty.
Jan. 29, 2014 House Committee on Ethics ended the investigation when Radel resigned
2014 Radel was sentenced to probation, which he served.

Rep. Peter Roskam [R-IL6]

ethics violation resolved

In 2013 Roskam was investigated for accepting impermissible travel gifts in 2011. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to show that the travel was improper.

Jun. 13, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegation
Nov. 15, 2013 House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to show that the travel was improper

Rep. William Owens [D-NY21, 2013-2014]

ethics violation resolved

In 2012 Owens was investigated for accepting impermissible travel gifts in 2011. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that the gift was impermissible, but since Owens repaid the funds, the investigation was closed. Owens did not seek reelection in 2014.

Aug. 30, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the first allegation
Nov. 15, 2013 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the gift was impermissible, but since Owens repaid the funds, the investigation was closed
2014 Owens did not seek reelection in 2014.

Rep. John Tierney [D-MA6, 1997-2014]

ethics violation resolved

In 2013 Tierney was investigated for failing to declare his wife's income of $40,000 to $160,000 from 2007-2010 to Congress and the IRS because Tierney claimed it was actually a gift from his brother-in-law. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to show that the funds were income and not gifts and that no further action was needed. In 2010, Representative Tierney's wife pleaded guilty to tax evasion also related to her brother's income. In 2014, Representative Tierney was defeated in the Democratic primary.

2010 Tierney's wife pleaded guilty to tax evasion also related to her brother's income.
Jun. 13, 2013 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Sep. 11, 2013 House Committee on Ethics concluded that there was insufficient evidence to show that the funds were income and not gifts and that no further action was needed
2014 Tierney was defeated in the Democratic primary.

Rep. Silvestre Reyes [D-TX16, 1997-2012]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2012 Reyes was investigated for improper use of campaign funds for personal use. The House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response. Reyes lost the 2012 election and the House Committe on Ethics' jurisdiction end with the member's term.

Aug. 30, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Nov. 6, 2012 Reyes lost reelection.
Nov. 28, 2012 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
Dec. 31, 2012 House Committee on Ethics reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.

Rep. Shelley Berkley [D-NV1, 1999-2012]

ethics violation resolved

In 2012 Berkley was investigated for advocating for programs in which she had a financial interest from 2008-2010. The House Committee on Ethics found that the representative had indeed advocated for some programs in which she had a financial interest. In 2012, Representative Berkley lost reelection.

Feb. 9, 2012 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee further review the allegations
Dec. 20, 2012 House Committee on Ethics concluded in a report that the representative had indeed advocated for some programs in which she had a financial interest
Nov. 6, 2012 Berkley lost reelection.

Rep. Gregory Meeks [D-NY5]

ethics violation resolved

In 2011 Meeks was investigated for failing to disclose a gift in 2007 and receiving a loan on terms not available to the general public in 2010. The House Committee on Ethics dismissed the loan allegation, but found the representative unknowingly failed to properly disclose the gifts.

Aug. 18, 2011 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Dec. 20, 2012 House Committee on Ethics dismissed the loan allegation, but found the representative unknowingly failed to properly disclose the gifts

Rep. Tim Ryan [D-OH13]

ethics violation resolved

In 2012 Ryan was investigated for charges of public intoxication in 2012. The House Committee on Ethics concluded no action was required as the charges were dismissed.

Dec. 20, 2012 House Committee on Ethics concluded no action was required as the charges in Virginia were dismissed

Rep. Jesse Jackson [D-IL2, 1995-2012]

campaign & elections resignation pleaded in court resolved

In 2013, Jackson pleaded guilty to misuse of campaign funds after resigning from Congress in 2012. He also said that the 2008 attempt to purchase the former Senate seat of President Obama, for which he was investigated by Congress was done without his knowledge.

Aug. 6, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 2, 2011 House Committee on Ethics published the Office of Congressional Ethics Report and Findings and the member's response.
2012 Resigned from Congress.
Dec. 31, 2012 House Committee on Ethics reported that the member's resignation ended the committee's jurisdiction.
2013 Jackson pleaded guilty to misuse of campaign funds.

Rep. David Wu [D-OR1, 1999-2011]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In July 2011, Wu was accused of sexual assault and in Aug. 2011, he resigned.

Jul. 22, 2011 A newspaper reported allegations that Wu forced her into non-consensual sex.
Aug. 4, 2011 Resigned.

Rep. Rod Blagojevich [D-IL5, 1997-2002]

bribery & corruption other crimes conviction in court resolved

In 2011, Blagojevich, a former representative for IL-5, was convicted of a broad range of corruption as Governor of Illinois which included attempting to sell the appointment to the Senate seat vacated by Barack Obama after Obama won the 2008 presidential election.

Jun. 27, 2011 Convicted of corruption.

Rep. Maxine Waters [D-CA43]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Waters was investigated for a conflict of interest with respect to meetings with a bank in which she had a financial interest. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that Representative Waters' chief of state was at fault for creating the appearance of conflict, but Waters was not.

Jul. 24, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Sep. 25, 2012 House Committee on Ethics concluded that Representative Waters' chief of state was at fault for creating the appearance of conflict, but Waters was not

Rep. Vern Buchanan [R-FL16]

ethics violation resolved

In 2011 Buchanan was investigated for failing to report positions he held with outside companies and to report unearned income from 2007 to 2010. The House Committee on Ethics concluded that the representative unknowingly failed to disclose positions in outside companies and unearned income. They were satisfied when the representative amended his forms.

Nov. 8, 2011 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Jul. 10, 2012 House Committee on Ethics concluded that the representative unknowingly failed to disclose positions in outside companies and unearned income They were satisfied when the representative amended his forms

Sen. Thomas Coburn [R-OK, 2005-2014]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2012 Coburn received a qualified admonishment for meeting with a lobbyist before the one year embargo on former Congressional staffers' lobbying expired. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because Coburn acknowledged his error and it was only a single meeting. The lobbyist in question was the husband of a Sen. John Ensign staffer with whom Ensign had had an affair. Ensign attempted to placate the husband with a lobbying job and Coburn met with the husband before the lobbying embargo had ended. Coburn retired from the Senate in 2015.

May. 25, 2012 Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because Coburn acknowledged his error and it was only a single meeting

Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]

ethics violation resolved

In 2012 Vitter was investigated for demanding the issuance Gulf of Mexico deep water permits from the Secretary of the Interior in exchange for dropping his block on a proposed salary increase for the Secretary. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismissed the charges because there did not appear to be any Senate rule or any law in place prohibiting Vitter's actions. In 2014, Senator Vitter lost the election for Louisiana Governor and did not run again for the Senate.

Mar. 30, 2012 Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismissed the charges because there did not appear to be any Senate rule or any law in place prohibiting Vitter's actions
2014 Vitter lost the election for Louisiana Governor and did not run again for the Senate.

Rep. Don Young [R-AK0]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2011 Young was investigated for accepting campaign contributions in excess of legal limits. The House Committee on Ethics dismissed the allegations, but also changed House rules to prohibit similar contributions in the future .

Jun. 23, 2011 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Dec. 20, 2011 House Committee on Ethics dismissed the allegations, but also changed House rules to prohibit similar contributions in the future

Rep. Luis Gutiérrez [D-IL4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2011 Gutiérrez was investigated for having been arrested during a protest outside of the White House in 2011. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine has been paid. On November 28, 2017, Representative Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection to Congress.

Aug. 5, 2011 House Committee on Ethics recommended no action as the fine has been paid
Nov. 28, 2017 Gutiérrez announced he would not seek reelection.

Rep. Jean Schmidt [R-OH2, 2005-2012]

ethics violation resolved

In 2011 Schmidt was investigated for receiving over $500,000 in gifts as legal services without having established a legal services fund as required and for failing to properly disclose the gifts. The House Committee on Ethics found the legal services were impermissble and that the representative was unaware of this, but that the committee would be satisfied if the representative properly disclosed and paid for the services. In 2012, Schmidt lost reelection. When she left office, she had not paid for those services.

May. 18, 2011 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Aug. 5, 2011 House Committee on Ethics found the legal services were impermissble and that the representative was unaware of this, but that the committee would be satisfied if the representative properly disclosed and paid for the services
2012 Schmidt lost reelection. When she left office, she had not paid for those services.

Rep. Eric Massa [D-NY29, 2009-2010]

sexual harassment & abuse resignation settlement resolved

In 2010 Massa was investigated for sexual harassment, at some point after he resigned on March 8, 2010, the Congressional Office of Compliance settled with Massa's accusor for $100,000.

Mar. 4, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct opened an investigation
Mar. 5, 2010 Representative Massa resigned effective Mar. 8, 2010.
Mar. 10, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct closed the investigation since he resigned
Mar. 11, 2010 House of Representatives passed a resolution demanding a resumption of the investigation
Apr. 20, 2010 House House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct established an Investigative Subcommittee
2010 At some point after he resigned, the Congressional Office of Compliance settled with Massa's victims for $100,000.
Jul. 14, 2011 House Committee on Ethics reauthorized an investigative subcommittee
Dec. 31, 2012 House Committee on Ethics had not completed its investigation

Sen. John Ensign [R-NV, 2001-2011]

ethics violation resignation resolved

In 2011 Ensign was investigated for violating lobbying rules in order to cover up an affair. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics referred the matter to the Department of Justice and the Federal Election Commission. Senator Ensign resigned May 3, 2011. The Department of Justice dropped its case in 2010 as did the FEC. However, the FEC reopened it after the Senate's report in 2011 and levied fines in 2013.

May. 3, 2011 Senate Select Committee on Ethics referred the matter to the Department of Justice and the Federal Election Commission
May. 3, 2011 Senator Ensign resigned. The Department of Justice dropped its case in 2010 as did the FEC. However, the FEC reopened it after the Senate's report in 2011 and levied fines in 2013.

Rep. Joseph “Joe” Crowley [D-NY14]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2010 Crowley was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions from entities affected by legislation then under consideration in 2009. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action.

Nov. 3, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Jan. 26, 2011 House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action

Rep. Tom Price [R-GA6, 2005-2017]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2010 Price was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions from entities affected by legislation then under consideration in 2009. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action. In January 2017, Price left Congress to become Heath and Human Services Secretary. On September 29, 2017, Price resigned due to inappropriate use of private and chartered flights while HHS Secretary.

Sep. 1, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Ethics further review the allegations
Jan. 26, 2011 House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action
2017 In January 2017, Price left Congress to become Heath and Human Services Secretary. On September 29, 2017, Price resigned due to inappropriate use of private and chartered flights while HHS Secretary.

Rep. John Campbell [R-CA45, 2013-2014]

campaign & elections resolved

In 2010 Campbell was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions from entities affected by legislation then under consideration in 2009. The House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action. In 2014, Campell announced he would not seek reelection.

Sep. 10, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Jan. 26, 2011 House Committee on Ethics recommended no further action
2014 Campell announced he would not seek reelection.

Rep. George “G.K.” Butterfield [D-NC1]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Butterfield was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action

Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Hastings was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action

Rep. Solomon Ortiz [D-TX27, 1983-2010]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Ortiz was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action. In 2012, Representative Ortiz lost reelection.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action
2012 Ortiz lost reelection.

Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Wilson was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action

Rep. Robert Aderholt [R-AL4]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Aderholt was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action

Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16]

ethics violation resolved

In 2010 Engel was investigated for keeping the difference between his requested travel per diems and the amount he actually spent. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action.

Jul. 30, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Dec. 31, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no further action

Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]

other crimes ethics violation censure resolved

The House voted to censure Rangel for ethics violations and tax evasion on December 2, 2010 by 333-79. In 2016, Representative Rangel did not seek reelection.

Nov. 29, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended censure
Dec. 2, 2010 House of Representatives voted to censure Rangel 333-79
2016 Rangel did not seek reelection.

Rep. Joe Wilson [R-SC2]

ethics violation resolved

In September 2009, Rep. Wilson heckled President Obama during an address to Congress by yelling "You lie!". A week later, the House reprimanded him, 240-179.

Sep. 9, 2009 Wilson heckled President Obama during an address to Congress by yelling "You lie!".
Sep. 15, 2009 House reprimanded Rep. Wilson, 240-179

Rep. Laura Richardson [D-CA37, 2007-2012]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Richardson was investigated for violating gift and financial disclosure rules with respect to her home, its foreclosure and yard work from 2007 to 2008. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that Representative Richardson did not knowingly receive and/or fail to disclose gifts with respect to her home, its foreclosure or yard work. In 2012, Representative Richardson lost her bid for reelection in 2012.

Aug. 6, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegation of a violation of the gift rule but dismiss the allegations of a violation of the financial disclosure rule and receipt of professional services from her neighbors
Jun. 30, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that Representative Richardson did not knowingly receive and/or fail to disclose gifts with respect to her home, its foreclosure or yard work
2012 Richardson lost reelection.

Rep. Nathan Deal [R-GA9, 2007-2010]

ethics violation resignation resolved

In 2010 Deal was investigated for improper influence over state officials to his financial benefit and failure to accurately disclose his earnings. The House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended further review. Deal subsequently resigned.

Feb. 5, 2010 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Mar. 21, 2010 Deal resigned.

Rep. Donna Christensen [D-VI0, 1997-2014]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Christensen was investigated for receiving impermissible travel gifts. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Christensen did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts. In 2014, Christensen did not seek reelection.

Jun. 8, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Christensen did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts
2014 Christensen did not seek reelection.

Rep. Carolyn Kilpatrick [D-MI13, 2003-2010]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Kilpatrick was investigated for receiving impermissible travel gifts. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Kilpatrick did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts. In 2010, Representative Kilpatrick lost the Democratic primary.

Jun. 8, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Kilpatrick did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts
2010 Kilpatrick lost the Democratic primary.

Rep. Donald Payne [D-NJ10, 1989-2012]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Payne was investigated for receiving impermissible travel gifts. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Payne did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts.

Jun. 8, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Payne did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts

Rep. Charles “Charlie” Rangel [D-NY13, 2013-2016]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Rangel was investigated for receiving impermissible travel gifts. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Rangel did knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts and ordered him to repay them.

Jun. 8, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Rangel did knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts and ordered him to repay them

Rep. Bennie Thompson [D-MS2]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Thompson was investigated for receiving impermissible travel gifts. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Thompson did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts.

Jun. 8, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded Representative Thompson did not knowingly accept impermissble travel gifts

Rep. Todd Tiahrt [R-KS4, 1995-2010]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Tiahrt was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges. In 2010, Representative Tiahrt ran for the Senate and lost.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges
2010 Tiahrt ran for the Senate and lost.

Rep. Peter Visclosky [D-IN1]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Visclosky was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges on the OCE's recommendation

Rep. Norman “Norm” Dicks [D-WA6, 1977-2012]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Dicks was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges. In 2012, Dicks did not seek reelection.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismiss the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges on the OCE's recommendation
2012 Dicks did not seek reelection.

Rep. Marcy Kaptur [D-OH9]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Kaptur was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismiss the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges on the OCE's recommendation

Rep. James “Jim” Moran [D-VA8, 1991-2014]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Moran was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges. In 2014, Representative Moran announced he would not seek reelection.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismiss the allegations
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges on the OCE's recommendation
2014 Moran announced he would not seek reelection.

Rep. John Murtha [D-PA12, 1973-2010]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Murtha was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges. On February 8, 2010, Representative Murtha died.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismiss the allegations
Feb. 8, 2010 Representative Murtha died.
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges on the OCE's recommendation

Rep. W. Bill Young [R-FL13, 2013-2013]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

In 2009 Young was investigated for soliciting campaign contributions in exchange for legislative outcomes. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges. On October 18, 2013, Representative Young died.

Dec. 2, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismiss the above allegations.
Feb. 26, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges
Oct. 10, 2013 Representative Young died.

Rep. Fortney “Pete” Stark [D-CA13, 1993-2012]

other crimes resolved

In 2009 Stark was investigated for claiming tax credits for a residence which was not his primary residence. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Stark neither sought credits improperly nor did he receive them. In 2012, Representative Stark announced his retirement from Congress.

Nov. 12, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended that the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Jan. 28, 2010 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Stark neither sought credits improperly nor did he receive them
2012 Stark announced his retirement from Congress.

Sen. Roland Burris [D-IL, 2009-2010]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections reprimand resolved

In 2009 Burris received a qualified admonishment for appearing to agree to a quid pro quo with Rod Blagojevich with respect to Blagojevich's brother's campaign and Burris's senate appointment. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because while they did not find evidence of crimes, Burris' own comments were misleading with respect to what he promised in exchange for his senate appointment. Senator Burris served in the Senate only 9 months, with Mark Kirk winning the 2010 election.

Nov. 20, 2009 Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because while they did not find evidence of crimes, Burris' own comments were misleading with respect to what he promised in exchange for his Senate appointment
2010 Senator Burris served in the Senate only nine months with Mark Kirk winning the 2010 election.

Rep. Sam Graves [R-MO6]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Graves was investigated for inviting improper hearing witnesses. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Graves did not act improperly.

Aug. 6, 2009 House Office of Congressional Ethics recommended the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct further review the allegations
Oct. 29, 2009 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the charges as Representative Graves did not act improperly

Sen. Kent Conrad [D-ND, 1992-2012]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Conrad was investigated for receiving mortgages from Countrywide Financial in violation of Senate gift rules. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismssed the charges because the loans were not part of a program specifically benefiting senators. In 2012, Conrad did not run for reelection.

Aug. 7, 2009 Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismssed the charges because the loans were not part of a program specifically benefiting senators
2012 Conrad did not run for reelection.

Sen. Christopher Dodd [D-CT, 1981-2010]

ethics violation resolved

In 2009 Dodd was investigated for receiving mortgages from Countrywide Financial in violation of Senate gift rules. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismssed the charges because the loans were not part of a program specifically benefiting senators. In 2010, Senator Dodd did not run for reelection.

Aug. 7, 2009 Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismssed the charges because the loans were not part of a program specifically benefiting senators
2010 Dodd did not run for reelection.

Rep. Tim Mahoney [D-FL16, 2007-2008]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In Oct. 2008 Rep. Mahoney was accused of paying off an ex-staffer to head off a sexual harassment lawsuit. The next month he lost the election.

Oct. 13, 2008 ABC News reported that Mahoney had paid an ex-staffer to head off a sexual harassment lawsuit.
Nov. 4, 2008 Defeated in election.

Rep. Rick Renzi [R-AZ1, 2003-2008]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

In 2013 Renzi was convicted for allegations of personal gain in a land swap deal. The House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred to the Department of Justice. Representative Renzi did not run for reelection in 2008 and in 2013 Renzi was convicted and was sentenced to serve three years in prison.

May. 22, 2008 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred to the Department of Justice
2008 Renzi did not run for reelection.
Jan. 3, 2009 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct reported that the end of the member's term ended the committee's jurisdiction.
2013 Renzi was convicted and was sentenced to serve three years in prison.

Sen. David Vitter [R-LA, 2005-2016]

other crimes resolved

In 2008 Vitter was investigated for hiring prostitutes. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismissed the charges because the solicitation happened before his Senate term, did not involve public funds and did not result in criminal charges. In 2014, Senator Vitter lost the election for Louisiana Governor and did not run again for the Senate.

May. 8, 2008 Senate Select Committee on Ethics dismissed the charges because the solicitation happened before his Senate term, did not involve public funds and did not result in criminal charges
2014 Vitter lost the election for Louisiana Governor and did not run again for the Senate.

Sen. Pete Domenici [R-NM, 1973-2008]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 2008 Domenici received a qualified admonishment for attempting to influence a federal investigation. Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because while they found no evidence of wrongdoing, the senator should have known how it would look. In 2007, Senator Domenici announced he would retire from the Senate in 2008 at the end of his term.

2007 Senator Domenici announced he would retire from the Senate in 2008 at the end of his term.
Apr. 24, 2008 Senate Select Committee on Ethics issued a qualified admonishment because while they found no evidence of wrongdoing, the senator should have known how it would look

Sen. Larry Craig [R-ID, 1991-2008]

campaign & elections reprimand pleaded in court resolved

In 2007 Craig pleaded guilty to using his status to receive special treatment and using campaign funds to pay legal expenses stemming from an arrest and guilty plea on disorderly conduct at the Minneapolis-St. Paul airport. The Senate Select Committee on Ethics admonished the senator on both counts. In 2007, Senator Craig was arrested for lewd conduct, pleaded to disorderly conduct and subsequently attempted to withdraw his guilty plea. He retired at the end of his term in 2008 and as of 2016 has been ordered to personally pay for legal fees incurred that had previously been paid with campaign funds.

2007 Senator Craig was arrested for lewd conduct pleaded to disorderly conduct and subsequently attempted to withdraw his guilty plea. He retired at the end of his term in 2008 and as of 2016 has been ordered to personally pay for legal fees incurred that had previously been paid with campaign funds.
Feb. 13, 2008 Senate Select Committee on Ethics admonished the senator on both counts

Sen. Ted Stevens [R-AK, 1968-2008]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

In 2008 Stevens was convicted of making false statements. Prior to sentencing in 2009, the indictment was dismissed. Stevens lost the 2008 election and died in 2010.

2008 Stevens was convicted and lost reelection.
2009 Prior to sentencing in 2009, the indictment was dismissed.
2010 Stevens died.

Rep. Mark Foley [R-FL16, 1995-2006]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In 2006, Foley faced allegations of sexual abuse of underage Congressional pages. In light of Speaker Hastert's plan to expel him if he remained, Foley resigned on Sept. 29, 2006. In 2008, the Florida Department of Law Enforcement closed a criminal investigation without filing charges due to insufficient evidence.

Sep. 29, 2006 ABC News reported that in 2005 Foley had sent sexually explicit messages to underage Congressional pages.
Sep. 29, 2006 Speaker Hastert threatened to expel Foley if he did not resign.
Sep. 29, 2006 Resigned.
Sep. 19, 2008 The Florida Department of Law Enforcement closed a criminal investigation of Foley without filing charges due to insufficient evidence. The allegations were that he used government computers to engage in illegal activities such as sexually explicit texting with minors.

Rep. Robert “Bob” Ney [R-OH18, 1995-2006]

bribery & corruption resignation pleaded in court resolved

Ney faced an allegation of involvement in the Jack Abramoff influence-peddling investigation. On Aug. 14, 2006, he withdrew from election. On Oct. 3, 2006, he pleaded guilty. On Nov. 3, 2006, he resigned.

Aug. 14, 2006 Withdrew from election.
Oct. 3, 2006 Pleaded guilty.
Nov. 3, 2006 Resigned.

Rep. Randall “Duke” Cunningham [R-CA50, 2003-2005]

bribery & corruption resignation pleaded in court resolved

Cunningham faced an allegation of tax evasion, conspiracy to commit bribery, mail fraud and wire fraud. On Jul. 14, 2005, he announced he would not run for re-election. On Nov. 28, 2005, he pleaded guilty. On Nov. 28, 2005, he resigned.

Jul. 14, 2005 Announced he would not run for re-election.
Nov. 28, 2005 Pleaded guilty.
Nov. 28, 2005 Resigned.

Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]

ethics violation resolved

On Dec. 28, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated McDermott for improperly disclosing the contents of an intercepted cell-phone conversation to the news media and established investigative subcommittee. On Dec. 8, 2006, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that McDermott’s conduct was inconsistent with the spirit of the applicable rules..

Dec. 28, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct established investigative subcommittee
Dec. 19, 2006 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that McDermott’s conduct was inconsistent with the spirit of the applicable rules.

Rep. Chris Bell [D-TX25, 2003-2004]

ethics violation resolved

On Nov. 18, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Bell for filing a complaint against DeLay which contained innuendo, speculative assertions, or conclusory statements in violation of Committee Rule 15(a)(4) and resolved the matter by a public letter. In 2004, Bell lost in the primary election.

Nov. 2, 2004 Bell lost in the primary election.
Nov. 18, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct resolved the matter by a public letter

Rep. Karen McCarthy [D-MO5, 1995-2004]

campaign & elections resolved

On Nov. 18, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated McCarthy for conversion of campaign funds to personal use and issued a public statement finding McCarthy to be at fault, but did not pursue further when she resigned. In 2004, McCarthy did not seek reelection after acknowledging that she had untreated alcoholism.

Nov. 18, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a public statement finding McCarthy to be at fault, but did not pursue further when she resigned
2004 McCarthy did not seek reelection after acknowledging that she had untreated alcoholism.

Rep. Thomas “Tom” DeLay [R-TX22, 1985-2006]

campaign & elections conviction in court resolved

On Oct. 6, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated DeLay for solicitation and receipt of campaign contributions in return for legislative assistance, use of corporate political contributions in violation of state law, and improper use of official resources for political purposes. They resolved the first and third allegations by public letter and the second allegation was deferred due to astate grand jury investigation. In 2005, he was convicted of conspiring to influence Texas legislative races via a PAC using illegal corporate contributions. In 2013, his conviction overturned.

Oct. 6, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct resolved the first and third allegations by public letter; and the second allegation was deferred due to state grand jury investigation.
2005 Convicted of conspiring to influence Texas legislative races via a PAC using illegal corporate contributions.
2013 Conviction overturned.

Rep. Thomas “Tom” DeLay [R-TX22, 1985-2006]

ethics violation resolved

On Oct. 4, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated DeLay for improperly linking the personal interest of a member with an effort to achieve a legislative goal and issued a report finding DeLay's behavior inappropriate.

Oct. 4, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a report finding DeLay's behavior inappropriate

Rep. Candice Miller [R-MI10, 2003-2016]

ethics violation resolved

On Oct. 4, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Miller for threatening to retaliate against a member for a particular vote and issued a report finding Miller's behavior inappropriate.

Oct. 4, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a report finding Miller's behavior inappropriate

Rep. Nick Smith [R-MI7, 1993-2004]

ethics violation resolved

On Oct. 4, 2004, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Smith for public statements impugning the reputation of the House and failing to cooperate with the investigation. They issued a report finding Smith's behavior inappropriate.

Oct. 4, 2004 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a report finding Smith's behavior inappropriate

Rep. William “Bill” Janklow [R-SD0, 2003-2004]

other crimes resignation conviction in court resolved

Janklow faced an allegation of, on August 16, 2003, committing vehicular manslaughter. On Dec. 8, 2003, convicted. On Jan. 20, 2004, he resigned.

Dec. 8, 2003 Convicted.
Jan. 20, 2004 Resigned.

Sen. Robert Torricelli [D-NJ, 1997-2002]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

On Jul. 30, 2002, the Senate Select Committee on Ethics investigated Torricelli for violating Senate gift rules and creating the appearance of impropriety and admonished him for creating the appearance of impropriety. In 2002, he did not run for reelection.

Jul. 30, 2002 Senate Select Committee on Ethics admonished him for creating the appearance of impropriety
2002 He did not run for reelection.

Rep. James Traficant [D-OH17, 1985-2002]

bribery & corruption expulsion resolved

On Jul. 18, 2002, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Traficant for conspiracy to violate federal bribery and gratuity statutes, receipt of illegal gratuities, obstruction of justice, defrauding the government, racketeering, and tax evasion for which he was convicted. The committee unanimously recommended expulsion. On Jul. 24, 2002, the House of Representatives expelled Trafficant, 420-1.

Jul. 18, 2002 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct unanimously recommended expulsion
Jul. 24, 2002 House of Representatives expelled Trafficant, 420-1

Rep. Stephen “Steve” Buyer [R-IN4, 2003-2010]

ethics violation resolved

On Aug. 1, 2001, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Buyer for improper use of official resources for political purpose and dismissed the complaint unanimously. A public letter was sent to Buyer.

Aug. 1, 2001 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed complaint unanimously and public letter sent to Buyer

Rep. Earl Hilliard [D-AL7, 1993-2002]

campaign & elections reprimand resolved

On Jun. 20, 2001, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Hilliard for improper loans made by his campaign committee, improper campaign expenditures, and improper financial disclosure; and issued a unanimously adopted letter of reproval citing serious official misconduct. In 2002, he was defeated in the primary.

Jun. 20, 2001 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued letter of reproval citing “serious official misconduct” unanimously adopted
2002 Defeated in the primary in June 2002.

Rep. Elmer “Bud” Shuster [R-PA9, 1973-2001]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

On Oct. 4, 2000, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Shuster for a relationship with a lobbyist (former chief of staff) and intervention with federal agencies on behalf of a constituent; and issued a unanimously adopted letter of reproval citing serious official misconduct.

Oct. 4, 2000 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a unanimously adopted letter of reproval citing serious official misconduct

Rep. Corrine Brown [D-FL5, 2013-2016]

ethics violation resolved

On Sep. 21, 2000, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Brown for a gift of lodging for the member provided at premises owned or controlled by an imprisoned foreign national and a gift of an automobile to Brown’s adult daughter in 1997. The committe established an investigative subcommittee on June 9, 1999, the subcommittee recommended no further action and the full committee accepted the recommendation on Sept. 20, 2000. A press statement was released on Sept. 21, 2000.

Sep. 21, 2000 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct established investigative subcommittee (June 9, 1999); Subcommittee recommended no further action, committee accepted recommendation (Sept. 20, 2000); press statement released

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

campaign & elections resolved

In 1998, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for violation of laws governing tax-exempt organizations, improper intervention with government agencies, receipt of improper personal benefits from a PAC and violation of campaign finance rules.

Oct. 10, 1998 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct member complaint attempting to amend second Jones complaint (Dec. 14, 1995); committee notified members that complaint had to be re-filed (Jan. 25, 1996); new member complaint filed (Jan. 31, 1996) (“Bonior, DeLauro, Lewis, Miller and Schroeder Complaint”); committee referred first allegation to Investigative Subcommittee handling “First Jones Complaint” (Aug. 1, 1996); dismissed second allegation (Sept. 26, 1996); dismissed remaining allegations, letter released publicly

Rep. Jay Kim [R-CA41, 1993-1998]

campaign & elections pleaded in court resolved

On Oct. 6, 1998, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Kim for accepting illegal corporate and foreign contributions and adopted a six count statement of alleged violations. On Aug. 11, 1997, he pleaded guilty in federal court. On Jun. 2, 1998, he was defeated in the primary.

Aug. 11, 1997 Pleaded guilty in federal court.
Jun. 2, 1998 Defeated in the primary.
Oct. 6, 1998 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct adopted a six count statement of alleged violations and recommended no further action due to impending loss of jurisdiction on Oct. 2, 1998 and the committee unanimously adopted recommendation

Rep. Thomas “Tom” DeLay [R-TX22, 1985-2006]

bribery & corruption resolved

In 1997, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated DeLay for improperly linking campaign contributions to official actions and improper political favors for DeLay’s brother, a registered lobbyist, and dismissed complaint. On Nov. 11, 1997, a private letter was sent to DeLay and a press statement released.

Nov. 7, 1997 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed complaint; private letter sent to DeLay; press statement released

Rep. Wes Cooley [R-OR2, 1995-1996]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Cooley faced an allegation of lying to voters about his military service in official state voter guides. On Mar. 19, 1997, he was convicted, ordered to pay a fine, and placed on two years' probation. On Aug. 7, 1996, he did not run for re-election.

Mar. 19, 1997 Convicted, ordered to pay a fine, and placed on two years' probation.
Aug. 7, 1996 Did not run for re-election.

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

On Jan. 17, 1997, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improper use of official resources in preparation of a college course, conflict of interest, and improper use of tax-exempt entities in support of college course. The investigation was expanded to 1) false statements to the Committee on Standards, 2) his relationship with the foundation/course in violation of foundation’s tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)3 of the IRS Code, 3) his use of unofficial resources for official purposes, and 4) his activities and relationship with another foundation. The committee investigated and dismissed the first two allegations (Gingrich made restitution to pay for the use of the official resources). On Jan. 21, 1997, the House of Representatives reprimanded Gingrich and directed him to reimburse $300,000, 395-28.

Jan. 17, 1997 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated and dismissed the first two allegations (Gingrich made restitution to pay for the use of the official resources); initiated a preliminary inquiry regarding the third allegation and hired a Special Counsel (Dec. 6, 1995); recommended reprimand and reimbursement of $300,000 to House for investigative expenses, 7-1; filed its report on Jan. 17, 1997 acting as Select committee on Ethics
Jan. 21, 1997 House of Representatives reprimanded and directed to reimburse $300,000, 395-28

Rep. Barbara-Rose Collins [D-MI15, 1993-1996]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

On Jan. 2, 1997, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Rose-Collins for misuse of official resources, campaign resources, and scholarship funds. On Sept. 12, 1996 11-count statement of alleged violation was adopted, but the subcommittee recommended that no further action be taken due to pending loss of jurisdiction since Rose-Collins was defeated in the August primary.

Aug. 6, 1996 Defeated in the primary.
Jan. 2, 1997 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted (Dec. 5, 1995); 11-count statement of alleged violation adopted (Sept. 12, 1996); Subcommittee recommended that no further action be taken due to pending loss of jurisdiction on Oct. 25, 1996; committee took no further action and filed report

Rep. Richard “Dick” Gephardt [D-MO3, 1977-2004]

ethics violation resolved

On Sep. 28, 1997, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gephardt for inadequate financial disclosure on a series of land sales and financial agreements regarding property purchased and exchanged in North Carolina. The committee dismissed the complaint.

Sep. 28, 1997 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed complaint

Rep. Jim McDermott [D-WA7, 1989-2016]

ethics violation resolved

On Jul. 24, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated McDermott for conflict of interest (he participated in committee deliberations involving complaints filed with the substantial assistance of a person affiliated with his political action committee) and violation of committee confidentiality rules. The committee dismissed the complaint.

Jul. 24, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed complaint

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gringrich for improper use of services of volunteer in congressional office via a complaint known as the Third Miller Complaint. The charges were dismissed on Sep. 19, 1996.

Sep. 19, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct member complaint filed on behalf of outside organization (Apr. 22, 1996) (“Third Miller Complaint”); dismissed the complaint

Rep. Gerald Solomon [R-NY22, 1993-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Solomon for a press release and letter sent to a New York state assemblyman which included language that implied possible retaliation for political disagreement. On May. 8, 1996, the complaint was dismissed after Solomon indicated he had not retaliated and had never intended to retaliate.

May. 8, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the complaint after Solomon indicated he had not retaliated and had never intended to retaliate

Rep. David Bonior [D-MI10, 1993-2002]

ethics violation resolved

On May. 9, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Bonior for improper use of congressional employees with regard to a book published by Bonior in 1984 and improper salary payments to member of staff prior to her marriage to him. On May. 8, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the second complaint. On May. 9, 1996, the committee returned the first complaint because the alleged violations occurred before the third previous Congress.

May. 8, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed second complaint
May. 9, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct returned complaint because violations occurred before the third previous Congress

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

On Mar. 29, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for the improper use of the services of a volunteer in congressional offices and concluded that the volunteer service, which had terminated by the time of the complaint, did not comply with the applicable guidelines.

Mar. 29, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct concluded that the volunteer service, which had terminated by the time of the complaint, did not comply with the applicable guidelines

Sen. Robert Torricelli [D-NJ, 1997-2002]

ethics violation resolved

In 1996, in an accusation made by Zimmer, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Torricelli for using congressional fax machine to send a press release having a political purpose. On Mar. 29, 1996, the committee determined use of the fax machine violated applicable rules on use of official resources and Torricelli reimbursed the use of the fax. On Nov. 5, 1996, Zimmer lost his bid for a New Jersey Senate seat to Torricelli.

Mar. 29, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct determined use of the fax machine violated applicable rules on use of official resources; member reimbursed use of the fax
Nov. 5, 1996 Zimmer lost his bid for a New Jersey Senate seat to Torricelli.

Rep. Richard Zimmer [R-NJ12, 1991-1996]

ethics violation resolved

In 1996, based on an accusation made by Torricelli, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Zimmer for using a congressional fax machine for a non-official purpose, specifically to send a press release entitled "Zimmer Wallops Torricelli in N.J. Congressional Softball Tourney" which was alleged to be a personal attack and therefore a violation of usage rules. The complaint was returned on Jan. 5, 1996 for failing to meet standards of committee procedures and subsequently rel-submitted. The complaint was dismissed on March 29, 1996 for lack of merit. On Nov. 5, 1996, Zimmer lost his bid for a New Jersey Senate seat to Torricelli.

Mar. 29, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct complaint filed on Dec. 21, 1995; complaint returned on Jan. 5, 1996 for failing to meet standards of committee procedures; complaint re-submitted on Jan. 19, 1996; dismissed the complaint on March 29, 1996 for lack of merit.
Nov. 5, 1996 Zimmer lost his bid for a New Jersey Senate seat to Torricelli.

Rep. David McIntosh [R-IN2, 1995-2000]

ethics violation resolved

On Mar. 14, 1996, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated McIntosh for distributing at a committee meeting and displaying on the House floor a document attributed to an outside group that was instead created by his staff and allowing subcommittee staff to improperly question a witness regarding their observance of a religious holiday. The committee sent a letter to McIntosh on March 14, 1996 indicating that forging an outside organization's letterhead for staff-created documents was inappropriate as was any questioning of a witness's religious observances. On Mar. 14, 1996, McIntosh apologized and formalized a written policy for his staff regarding harassing, insensitive or discriminatory behavior. The committee voted not to make letter public, 5-4 on March 20, 1996.

Mar. 14, 1996 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct sent a letter to McIntosh on March 14, 1996 indicating that forging outside organization's letterhead for staff-created documents was inappropriate as was any questioning of a witness's religious observances; Committee voted not to make letter public, 5-4 on March 20, 1996
Mar. 14, 1996 McIntosh apologized and formalized a written policy for his staff regarding harassing, insensitive or discriminatory behavior.

Rep. Walter Tucker [D-CA37, 1993-1995]

bribery & corruption other crimes resignation resolved

Tucker faced an allegation of seven counts of extortion and two counts of tax evasion for extorting $30,000 from a local businessman while he was mayor of Compton, CA and failing to report payments on his taxes, for which he was convicted on Dec. 8, 1995. On Dec. 12, 1995, Sensenbrenner announced his intention to bring a resolution of expulsion to the floor of the House of Representatives See Congressional Record. On the same day, Tucker announced his resignation effective Dec. 15, 1995.

Dec. 12, 1995 House of Representatives See Congressional Record
Dec. 12, 1995 Announced resignation effective Dec. 15, 1995.

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improper statements on House floor for political reasons and using official resource for political purposes. The complaints were dismissed in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995.

Dec. 12, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated two member complaints filed (Mar. 8, 1995) and (May 15, 1995)(“Bonior Complaints”); complaints dismissed in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for accepting free cable television coverage of college lectures as improper gifts/solicitation. The complaint was dismissed in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995.

Dec. 12, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct member complaint filed (Feb. 23, 1995) (“Schroeder, Johnston and McKinney Complaint”); committee investigated; dismissed the complaint in a public letter on Dec. 6, 1995 and a public report issued on Dec. 12, 1995

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gingrich for improperly using the services of a volunteer for official purposes in a complaint known as the First Miller Complaint. The committee found violations and sent a public letter to Gingrich and took no further action on Dec. 6, 1995. The committee published its report on Dec. 12, 1995.

Dec. 12, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct member complaint filed (Feb. 13, 1995)(“First Miller Complaint”); committee investigated; found violations and sent a public letter to Gingrich but took no further action on Dec. 6, 1995; published report on Dec. 12, 1995

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1995, Gingrich faced the allegations in “First Jones Complaint” plus improper receipt of book royalties for To Renew America, improper book auction, conflict of interest, improper solicitation, improper use of official resources, and improper intervention with federal authorities. On Dec. 6, 1995, the complaint was dismissed. On Dec. 22, 1995, the House of Representatives adopted the committee resolution on restricting advances from book contracts but not subjecting royalty income to outside earned income limit, 259-128.

Dec. 6, 1995 Complaint dismissed.
Dec. 12, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended changes regarding book contracts
Dec. 22, 1995 House of Representatives adopted the committee resolution on restricting advances from book contracts but not subjecting royalty income to outside earned income limit, 259-128

Sen. Robert Packwood [R-OR, 1969-1995]

sexual harassment & abuse resignation resolved

On Sep. 5, 1995, the Senate Select Committee on Ethics investigated Packwood for sexual misconduct and abuse of power and recommended expulsion from the Senate. On Sep. 8, 1995, he resigned.

Sep. 5, 1995 Senate Select Committee on Ethics recommended expulsion from the Senate
Sep. 8, 1995 Resigned.

Rep. Charles Wilson [D-TX2, 1973-1996]

campaign & elections resolved

Wilson faced an allegation of improper use of campaign funds and inadequate financial disclosure. On Aug. 25, 1995, the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) transmitted information to the committee on Standards developed during an investigation On Dec. 7, 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the complaint and issued a letter released publicly after Wilson admitted his error and paid a $90,000 fine.

Aug. 25, 1995 Federal Elections Commission transmitted information to the committee on Standards developed during an investigation
Dec. 7, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the complaint and a letter released publicly after Wilson admitted his error and paid a $90,000 fine

Rep. Mel Reynolds [D-IL2, 1993-1995]

ethics violation sexual harassment & abuse resignation conviction in court resolved

On Jun. 28, 1995, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Reynolds for misuse of congressional staff for personal purposes, misuse of official resources, failure to repay personal debts and obstruction of justice. He was later convicted in state court of criminal sexual assault, aggravated sexual abuse, solicitation of child pornography and obstruction of justice on Aug. 22, 1995. On Sep. 1, 1995, he resigned. On Sep. 28, 2017, the U.S. District Court convicted him on four misdemeanor counts alleging he failed to file a federal income tax return for four consecutive years.

Jun. 28, 1995 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted, but no public information would be made until the conclusion of the state trial
Sep. 1, 1995 Resigned.
Sep. 28, 2017 U.S. District Court convicted on four misdemeanor counts alleging he failed to file a federal income tax return for four consecutive years

Rep. Richard Armey [R-TX26, 1985-2002]

ethics violation resolved

In 1995, Armey faced an allegation of improper use of congressional stationery. On Jun. 2, 1995, Guitierrez filed a complaint on behalf of the Congressional Accountability Project. Armey admitted to the violation and the complaint was dismissed on June 13, 1995. A public letter to Armey and a press statement were released on June 14, 1995.

Jun. 14, 1995 Another member filed a complaint on behalf of the Congressional Accountability Project on June 2, 1995. Armey admitted to the violation and the complaint was dismissed on June 13, 1995. A public letter to Armey and a press statement were released on June 14, 1995.

Rep. Jonas “Martin” Frost [D-TX24, 1979-2004]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

In 1994, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Frost for using congressional staff for redistricting work and campaign contributions by congressional staff. On Nov. 29, 1994, the complaint was dismissed and a public letter was released indicating that the committee found a technical violation of campaign regulations. Frost agreed to appropriate reimbursement.

Nov. 29, 1994 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct the complaint was dismissed and a public letter was released indicating that the committee found a technical violation of campaign regulations. Frost agreed to appropriate reimbursement.

Sen. David Durenberger [R-MN, 1978-1994]

ethics violation pleaded in court resolved

Durenberger faced an allegation of misuse of public funds while in office. On Aug. 22, 1995, he pleaded guilty to five misdemeanor charges of abuse of a Congressional expense account.

Aug. 22, 1995 Pleaded guilty to five misdemeanor charges of abuse of a Congressional expense account.

Rep. Daniel Rostenkowski [D-IL5, 1993-1994]

bribery & corruption pleaded in court resolved

Rostenkowski faced allegations of mail fraud, wire fraud, witness tampering, concealing a material fact, false statements, embezzlement, and conspiracy, for which he was indicted. On Jun. 30, 1994, member complaint was filed. On Aug. 17, 1994, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred action at request of U.S. Attorney On Nov. 8, 1994, he defeated for reelection. On Apr. 10, 1996, he pleaded guilty to mail fraud. On Dec. 23, 2000, he was pardoned by President Clinton having already served 15 months in prison and two months in a halfway house in addition to paying a $100,000 fine.

Jun. 30, 1994 Member complaint filed.
Aug. 17, 1994 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred action at request of U.S. Attorney
Nov. 8, 1994 Defeated for reelection.
Apr. 10, 1996 Pleaded guilty to mail fraud.
Dec. 23, 2000 Pardoned by President Clinton having already served 15 months in prison and two months in a halfway house in addition to paying a $100,000 fine.

Rep. Joseph Kolter [D-PA4, 1983-1992]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

Kolter faced an allegation of stealing money from the House Post Office. On May. 8, 1996, he pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring with the former House postmaster and others to steal from the office.

May. 8, 1996 Pleaded guilty to one count of conspiring with the former House postmaster and others to steal from the office.

Sen. Kay Hutchison [R-TX, 1993-2012]

campaign & elections resolved

Kay Bailey Hutchison faced an allegation of using state employees and time to conduct political and personal business while Texas State Treasurer. On Feb. 12, 1994, acquitted on all charges in state court after prosecuters refused to present their case against Hutchison due to concerns over admissability of evidence.

Feb. 12, 1994 Acquitted on all charges in state court after prosecuters refused to present their case against Hutchison due to concerns over admissability of evidence.

Rep. Walter Fauntroy [D-DC0, 1971-1990]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

Fauntroy faced an allegation of stealing from the House Bank. On Mar. 25, 1995, he pleaded guilty to one count of violating the false statements statute regarding a charitable contribution.

Mar. 25, 1995 Pleaded guilty to one count of violating the false statements statute regarding a charitable contribution.

Rep. Albert Bustamante [D-TX23, 1985-1992]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Bustamante faced an allegation of racketeering and bribery. On Jul. 22, 1993, he was convicted. In 1992, he lost his bid for re-election.

1992 Lost bid for re-election.
Jul. 22, 1993 Convicted.

Rep. Nicholas Mavroules [D-MA6, 1979-1992]

ethics violation pleaded in court resolved

Mavroules faced an allegation of accepting illegal gifts and misusing his office for private gain. On Apr. 3, 1993, he pleaded guilty and served 15 months in prison. In 1992, he lost the election.

1992 Lost the election.
Apr. 3, 1993 Pleaded guilty and 15 months in prison.

Sen. Brockman “Brock” Adams [D-WA, 1987-1992]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

In 1992, Adams was accused of rape and sexual harassment and quit his Senate race as a result.

Mar. 2, 1992 Quit election race.

Rep. Carl Perkins [D-KY7, 1983-1992]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

Perkins faced an allegation of bank fraud and lying to investigators. On Dec. 13, 1994, he pleaded guilty. In 1992, perkins' district, the Kentucky 7th was eliminated by redistricting and Perkins did not seek re-election in the newly created 5th district in 1992.

1992 Perkins' district, the Kentucky 7th was eliminated by redistricting and Perkins did not seek re-election in the newly created 5th district in 1992.
Dec. 13, 1994 Pleaded guilty.

Rep. Carroll Hubbard [D-KY1, 1975-1992]

other crimes campaign & elections pleaded in court resolved

Hubbard faced an allegation of obstruction of justice and misappropriation of campaign funds involving the House Bank. On Apr. 6, 1994, he pleaded guilty. In 1992, he lost the election.

1992 Lost the election.
Apr. 6, 1994 Pleaded guilty.

Rep. Mary Oakar [D-OH20, 1977-1992]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

Oakar faced an allegation of lying to the FBI, using the House Bank to convert public money to her own use. On Sep. 30, 1997, she pleaded guitly to two misdemeanors. In 1992, she was not re-elected.

1992 Was not re-elected.
Sep. 30, 1997 Pleaded guitly to two misdemeanors.

Rep. Royden Dyson [D-MD1, 1981-1990]

ethics violation resolved

On Jan. 31, 1990, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed allegations against Dyson for misuse of office funds and sex discrimination in hiring, having previously declined to consider the allegations when they were first lodged due to the proximity to election day in 1988.

Jan. 31, 1990 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed allegations against Dyson for misuse of office funds and sex discrimination in hiring, having previously declined to consider the allegations when they were first lodged due to the proximity to election day in 1988

Rep. Gerald Sikorski [D-MN6, 1983-1992]

ethics violation resolved

In 1990, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Sikorksi for misuse of staff for personal errands and on Jan. 31, 1990 the complaint was dismissed.

Jan. 31, 1990 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the complaint

Rep. Donald Lukens [R-OH8, 1987-1990]

sexual harassment & abuse resignation resolved

Lukens faced an allegation of contributing to the unruliness of a female minor, e.g. sex with an underage girl on May 26, 1989, for which he was convicted as a misdemeanor; and of improper sexual advances to a Capitol elevator operator on Oct. 17, 1990. On Oct. 4, 1990, he resigned. On Oct. 24, 1990, the preliminary inquiry resolution was amended to include the assertion of additional charges from Oct. 22, 1990. The staff report was published on Oct. 24, 1990.

Oct. 24, 1990 Preliminary inquiry resolution amended to include assertion of additional charges on Oct. 22, 1990; staff report published on Oct. 24, 1990.
Oct. 4, 1990 Resigned.

Sen. David Durenberger [R-MN, 1978-1994]

ethics violation censure resolved

Durenberger faced an allegation of a wide range of financial misconduct. On Jul. 25, 1990, the Senate voted to denounce him, which appears to have been intended as a type of censure which acknowledges no ill intent.

Jul. 25, 1990 Senate vote on denouncement, which appears to have been intended as a type of censure which acknowledges no ill intent.

Rep. Patrick Swindall [R-GA4, 1985-1988]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Swindall faced an allegation of money laundering and lying to the FBI. In 1989, he was convicted. On Feb. 12, 1994, started serving a one year prison sentence in a minimum-security federal prison after remaining free on bond while his appeals were active.

1989 Convicted.
Feb. 12, 1994 Started serving a one year prison sentence in a minimum-security federal prison after remaining free on bond while his appeals were active.

Rep. Barney Frank [D-MA4, 1981-2012]

other crimes ethics violation reprimand resolved

Frank faced an allegation of 1) use of personal residence for prostitution by third parties, 2) improper contacts with probation office on behalf of personal assistant, 3) improper dismissal of assistant’s parking tickets, and 4) sexual activity in the House gymnasium. Frank admitted preparing a memo containing misleading statements that could be perceived as an attempt to use political influence in a judicial matter and arranging improper dismissal of parking tickets for personal assistant. The committee recommended reprimand and restitution of parking tickets, 12-0 on July 20, 1990. On Jul. 26, 1990, he was reprimanded, 408-18.

Jul. 20, 1990 Preliminary inquiry voted (Sept. 12, 1989); Frank admitted preparing memo containing misleading statements that could be perceived as an attempt to use political influence in a judicial matter and arranged improper dismissal of parking tickets for personal assistant, both in violation of R. 43 (1); committee recommended reprimand and restitution of parking tickets, 12-0 (July 20, 1990).
Jul. 26, 1990 Reprimanded, 408-18.

Rep. Newton Gingrich [R-GA6, 1979-1998]

ethics violation resolved

In 1990, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Gringrich for using book partnership to avoid outside income limits or to obtain impermissible gifts or contributions, improper use of official resources to prepare book, and inadequate financial disclosure. The committee issued a statement on Mar. 8, 1990.

Mar. 8, 1990 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued statement, 11-0

Rep. Gus Savage [D-IL2, 1981-1992]

sexual harassment & abuse resolved

Savage faced an allegation of improper sexual advances toward a female Peace Corps volunteer in March 1989. On Nov. 20, 1989, Savage apologized. On Jan. 31, 1990, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a public report disapproving of his conduct, 12-0.

Nov. 20, 1989 Savage apologized.
Jan. 31, 1990 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct issued a public report disapproving of his conduct, 12-0

Rep. Robert Garcia [D-NY18, 1983-1990]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

In 1989, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Garcia for conspiracy and Travel Act violations (receipt of $170,000 in payments, loans, and a diamond necklace from a defense contractor), for which Garcia and his wife were convicted on Oct. 20, 1989, four counts of bribery and receipt of illegal gratuities, for which he was acquitted. On Jan. 7, 1990, he resigned.

Oct. 31, 1989 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted
Jan. 7, 1990 Resigned.

Rep. Jim Bates [D-CA44, 1983-1990]

ethics violation sexual harassment & abuse campaign & elections reprimand resolved

In 1989, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Bates for sexual harassment and improper campaign activity in congressional office. On Oct. 18, 1989, the committee adopted a public letter of reproval. In 1989, he admitted to violations and wrote personal letter of apology.

Oct. 18, 1989 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct adopted a public letter of reproval
1989 Admitted to violations and wrote personal letter of apology.

Rep. James Wright [D-TX12, 1955-1989]

ethics violation campaign & elections resignation resolved

In 1989, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Wright for improper lobbying efforts on behalf of a constituent with whom Wright had an interest in a private gas well, 2) intervention in a matter before the Department of the Interior on behalf of Texas Oil and Gas Company, 3) improper use of campaign funds to pay for publication of a book for which Wright received a 55% royalty (Reflections of a Public Man), 4) improper use of government resources on the book, 5) improper use of a condominium in Fort Worth, TX (free and below market housing from real estate developer George Mallick) and 6) exercise of undue influence with officials of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board on behalf of four Texas businessmen regarding the savings and loan crisis. On Apr. 17, 1989, the committee made the report of Special Outside Counsel public. On Jun. 30, 1989, rep. Wright resigned as Speaker on House floor after having announced his intent to do so in May.

Apr. 17, 1989 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct made the report of Special Outside Counsel public
Jun. 30, 1989 Wright resigned as Speaker on House floor after having announced his intent to do so in May.

Rep. Mario Biaggi [D-NY19, 1983-1988]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

In 1988, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Biaggi for accepting illegal gratuities, obstruction of justice and violation of the Travel Act on Sept. 22, 1987 because he accepted free vacations in exchange for using influence, for which he was convicted. On Feb. 17, 1988 the committee recommended expulsion, 12-0. On Aug. 5, 1988, he resigned after an additional conviction.

Feb. 17, 1988 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended expulsion, 12-0
Aug. 5, 1988 Resigned after an additional conviction.

Rep. Charles Rose [D-NC7, 1973-1996]

campaign & elections reprimand resolved

In 1988, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Rose for borrowing campaign funds for personal use and inadequate financial disclosure. On Mar. 23, 1988, the committee adopted a public letter of reproval, 9-3. In 1994, he paid civil fine of $12,500.

Mar. 23, 1988 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct adopted a public letter of reproval, 9-3
1994 Paid civil fine of $12,500.

Rep. Austin Murphy [D-PA20, 1993-1994]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Murphy for improper use of official resources and violation of House rules regarding voting and recommended reprimand, 11-0. On Dec. 18, 1987, the House of Representatives reprimanded him, 324-68.

Dec. 16, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand, 11-0
Dec. 18, 1987 House of Representatives reprimanded, 324-68

Rep. William Boner [D-TN5, 1979-1988]

other crimes ethics violation campaign & elections resignation resolved

On Feb. 5, 1986, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct began investigating Boner for violations of the gift rule, improper use of campaign funds, conflict of interest, and improper use of official resources and preliminary inquiry authorized. On Apr. 23, 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred at DOJ request. On Sep. 23, 1987, Boner was elected mayor of Nashville. On Oct. 5, 1987, he resigned from Congress. On Dec. 14, 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct staff report was published.

Feb. 5, 1986 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry authorized
Apr. 23, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred at DOJ request
Sep. 23, 1987 Boner was elected mayor of Nashville.
Oct. 5, 1987 Resigned from Congress.
Dec. 14, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct staff report published

Rep. Richard Stallings [D-ID2, 1985-1992]

campaign & elections reprimand resolved

In 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Stallings for improper use of campaign funds (loan to congressional employee) and on Oct. 15, 1987, adopted a public letter of reproval, 12-0.

Oct. 15, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct adopted a public letter of reproval, 12-0

Rep. Fernand St. Germain [D-RI1, 1961-1988]

ethics violation resolved

In 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated St. Germain for accepting free flights on corporate aircraft, intervening on behalf of an organization in which he had a financial interest and inadequate financial disclosure and, on Apr. 9, 1987, recommended no sanction.

Apr. 9, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no sanction, report approved and filed

Rep. Mary Oakar [D-OH20, 1977-1992]

ethics violation resolved

In 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Oakar for purchase of a townhouse with a member of her staff and improper salary disbursements to an employee. An informal staff review of press allegations found improper payments but no fraudulent intent. The committee recommended no sanction and on Jun. 17, 1987, letter released publicly.

Jun. 17, 1987 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct informal staff review of press allegations; found improper payments but no fraudulent intent; recommended no sanction; letter released publicly

Rep. James Weaver [D-OR4, 1975-1986]

campaign & elections resolved

In 1987, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Weaver for borrowing approximately $82,000 in campaign funds for personal use and inadequate financial disclosure of commodity investment transactions and on Sep. 30, 1986 recommended no sanction.

Sep. 30, 1986 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended no sanction, report approved and filed, 12-0

Rep. David “Mac” Sweeney [R-TX14, 1985-1988]

ethics violation campaign & elections resolved

On Sep. 11, 1986, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Sweeney for use of official resources for political purposes and requiring congressional staff to campaign as a condition of continued employment and determined that the campaign activities occurred in the district office with no evidence Sweeney directed or condoned the improper activities.

Sep. 11, 1986 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct determined that the campaign activities occurred in the district office with no evidence Sweeney directed or condoned the improper activities

Rep. Wilbur “Dan” Daniel [D-VA5, 1969-1988]

ethics violation resolved

In 1986, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Daniel for accepting free flights on corporate aircraft (1983-85) and on Feb. 5, 1986 Daniel made restitution and amended the financial disclosure statement.

Feb. 5, 1986 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Daniel made restitution and amended the financial disclosure statement

Rep. Geraldine Ferraro [D-NY9, 1979-1984]

ethics violation resolved

In 1984, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Ferraro for inadequate and improper financial disclosure. The committee found technical violations, but no sanction was recommended and a report was filed on Dec. 4, 1984.

Dec. 4, 1984 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct complaint filed by outside organization (Aug. 7, 1984); preliminary inquiry voted (Sept. 12, 1984); found technical violations; no sanction recommended, 12-2 (Dec. 3, 1984); filed its report (Dec. 4, 1984)

Rep. George Hansen [R-ID2, 1975-1984]

other crimes ethics violation reprimand resolved

In 1984, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Hansen for making false statements and failing to report nearly $334,000 in loans and profits from 1978-81. On Jun. 20, 1984, the committee recommended reprimand, 11-1. On Jul. 31, 1984, the House of Representatives reprimanded Hansen, 354-52. On Nov. 6, 1984, Hansen was defeated in the election by Richard Stallings. In 1985, the conviction was vacated, U.S. v. Hansen, 906 F. Supp. 688 (1995).

Jun. 20, 1984 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand, 11-1
Jul. 31, 1984 House of Representatives reprimanded, 354-52
Nov. 6, 1984 Defeated in the election by Richard Stallings.
1985 Conviction vacated, U.S. v. Hansen, 906 F. Supp. 688 (1995).

Rep. Charles Wilson [D-TX2, 1973-1996]

other crimes resolved

In 1983, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Wilson for using cocaine and marijuana and preliminary inquiry voted; Special Counsel investigated and found no basis for statement of alleged violation. On Nov. 17, 1983, the committee took no further action.

Nov. 17, 1983 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted; Special Counsel investigated and found no basis for statement of alleged violation; committee took no further action

Rep. Ronald Dellums [D-CA9, 1993-1998]

other crimes resolved

In 1983, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Dellums for using cocaine and marijuana and preliminary inquiry voted; Special Counsel investigated and found no basis for statement of alleged violation. On Nov. 17, 1983, the committee took no further action.

Nov. 17, 1983 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted; Special Counsel investigated and found no basis for statement of alleged violation; committee took no further action

Rep. Gerry Studds [D-MA10, 1983-1996]

sexual harassment & abuse censure resolved

On Jul. 14, 1983, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Studds for sexual relationship with 17-year old male House page that occurred 10 years earlier in 1973 and recommended reprimand and filed report, 11-1. On Jul. 20, 1983, the House of Representatives rejected the reprimand recommendation, 289-136; censured Studds instead, 420-3.

Jul. 14, 1983 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand and filed report, 11-1
Jul. 20, 1983 House of Representatives rejected the reprimand recommendation, 289-136; censured Studds instead, 420-3

Rep. Daniel Crane [R-IL19, 1983-1984]

sexual harassment & abuse censure resolved

On Jul. 14, 1983, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Crane for a sexual relationship with a 17-year old female House page in 1980 and recommended reprimand, 11-1. On Jul. 20, 1983, the House of Representatives rejected the reprimand recommendation, 289-136; censured him instead, 421-3. On Nov. 6, 1984, he was defeated in the election.

Jul. 14, 1983 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand, 11-1
Jul. 20, 1983 House of Representatives rejected the reprimand recommendation, 289-136; censured him instead, 421-3
Nov. 6, 1984 Defeated in the election.

Rep. Frederick Richmond [D-NY14, 1975-1982]

other crimes resignation resolved

In 1982, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Richmond for evading federal taxes (pleaded guilty to felony charge), two misdemeanors involving a government contract, and misdemeanor possession of marijuana on Aug. 25, 1982. On May. 12, 1982, the committee deferred its investigation at the request of the Department of Justice. On Aug. 25, 1982, he resigned.

May. 12, 1982 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct deferred its investigation at the request of the Department of Justice
Aug. 25, 1982 Resigned.

Rep. John Murtha [D-PA12, 1973-2010]

bribery & corruption resolved

In 1981, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Murtha for bribery and conspiracy as part of ABSCAM investigation. On Jul. 28, 1981, the charges were dismissed and the Special Counsel resigned.

Jul. 28, 1981 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct preliminary inquiry voted (May 28, 1981); dismissed (July 28, 1981) and Special Counsel resigned

Sen. Harrison Williams [D-NJ, 1959-1982]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

Williams faced an allegation of bribery connected with the ABSCAM sting. On May. 1, 1981, he was convicted and the Senate Select Committee on Ethics opened an inquiry. On Sep. 3, 1981, the Senate Select Committee on Ethics filed its report. On Mar. 11, 1982, he resigned to avoid an expulsion vote.

May. 1, 1981 Convicted.
May. 1, 1981 Senate Select Committee on Ethics opened inquiry
Sep. 3, 1981 Senate Select Committee on Ethics filed report
Mar. 11, 1982 Resigned to avoid an expulsion vote.

Rep. Jon Hinson [R-MS4, 1979-1982]

other crimes resignation pleaded in court resolved

In 1981, Hinson was arrested for engaging in sexual activity with a member of the same sex, then illegal in Washington, D.C. On Apr. 13, 1981, he resigned. On May. 28, 1981, he pleaded no contest to charges of "attempted oral sodomy" in a House office building restroom.

Apr. 13, 1981 Resigned.
May. 28, 1981 Pleaded no contest to charges of "attempted oral sodomy" in a House office building restroom.

Rep. Richard Kelly [R-FL5, 1975-1980]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Kelly faced an allegation of bribery and conspiracy in the ABSCAM investigation. On Nov. 4, 1980, he lost the election. On Jan. 26, 1981, he was convicted.

Nov. 4, 1980 Lost the election.
Jan. 26, 1981 Convicted.

Rep. John Murphy [D-NY17, 1973-1980]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Murphy faced an allegation of taking an unlawful gratuity as part of ABSCAM investigation. On Nov. 4, 1980, he lost the election. On Dec. 3, 1980, he was convicted.

Nov. 4, 1980 Lost the election.
Dec. 3, 1980 Convicted.

Rep. Raymond Lederer [D-PA3, 1977-1982]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

Lederer resigned April 29, 1981 after the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended expulsion, 10-2, following his conviction on charges of bribery. He was accused of bribery, acceptance of an unlawful gratuity, conspiracy and Travel Act violations.

Jan. 9, 1981 Convicted of bribery.
Apr. 28, 1981 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended expulsion, 10-2
Apr. 29, 1981 Resigned.
May. 20, 1981 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct filed its report

Rep. Frank Thompson [D-NJ4, 1955-1980]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

Thompson was convicted in 1980 of bribery charges in the ABSCAM investigation.

Nov. 4, 1980 Lost the election.
1980 Convicted of bribery and conspiracy.
Dec. 29, 1980 Resigned.

Rep. John Jenrette [D-SC6, 1975-1980]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

Jenrette was convicted of bribery and conspiracy for accepting money in return for promising to use official influence as part of the ABSCAM investigation.

October 1980 Convicted.
Nov. 4, 1980 Lost the election.
Dec. 10, 1980 Resigned.
Dec. 16, 1980 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct sanction hearing terminated by resignation and filed the report

Rep. Michael “Ozzie” Myers [D-PA1, 1975-1980]

bribery & corruption expulsion conviction in court resolved

Meyers was convicted of bribery in 1980 as part of the ABSCAM investigation and on Oct. 2, 1980, the House of Representatives expelled him in a 376-30 vote.

Aug. 30, 1980 Convicted of bribery.
Sep. 24, 1980 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended expulsion, 10-2 (Sept. 24, 1980)
Oct. 2, 1980 House of Representatives expelled, 376-30

Rep. Charles Wilson [D-CA31, 1963-1980]

campaign & elections censure resolved

On Apr. 24, 1980, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Wilson for accepting money from a person with direct interest in legislation; maintaining a person on payroll not performing duties commensurate with pay; personal use of campaign funds and recommended censure and denial of chairmanship, 10-2. On Jun. 3, 1980, Wilson was defeated in the primary. On Jun. 10, 1980, the House of Representatives agreed to an amendment deleting denial of chairmanship from sanction, 261-148; and censured Wilson by voice vote.

Apr. 24, 1980 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended censure and denial of chairmanship, 10-2
Jun. 3, 1980 Defeated in the primary.
Jun. 10, 1980 House of Representatives agreed to an amendment deleting denial of chairmanship from sanction, 261-148; and censured by voice vote

Rep. Daniel Flood [D-PA11, 1955-1980]

bribery & corruption resignation pleaded in court resolved

On Dec. 12, 1979, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Flood for using official influence on behalf of private parties and foreign governments in return for unlawful payments and disciplinary hearing deferred due to hospitalization. On Jan. 31, 1980, he resigned. On Feb. 26, 1980, he pleaded guilty to misdemeanor of conspiracy to defraud government. On Mar. 26, 1980, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct filed its report.

Dec. 12, 1979 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct Special Counsel appointed, Investigative subcommittee established (April 19, 1978); statement of alleged violation adopted (June 7, 1979); disciplinary hearing deferred due to hospitalization (Dec. 12, 1979)
Jan. 31, 1980 Resigned.
Feb. 26, 1980 Pleaded guilty to misdemeanor of conspiracy to defraud government.
Mar. 26, 1980 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct filed its report

Sen. Herman Talmadge [D-GA, 1957-1980]

ethics violation censure resolved

On Oct. 3, 1979, the Senate Select Committee on Ethics investigated Talmadge for financial misconduct and recommended that Talmadge be "denounced" (censured). On Oct. 11, 1979, the Senate censured him. On Nov. 4, 1980, lost the election.

Oct. 3, 1979 Senate Select Committee on Ethics recommended that Talmadge be "denounced" (censured)
Oct. 11, 1979 Senate censured
Nov. 4, 1980 Lost the election.

Rep. Charles Diggs [D-MI13, 1955-1980]

ethics violation censure resignation conviction in court resolved

In October 1978, Diggs was convicted of taking kickbacks. He was re-elected the next month, but on July 31, 1979, the House of Representatives censured him in a 414-0 vote and in 1980 he resigned after losing the criminal appeal.

October 1978 Convicted on charges that he had taken kickbacks from three of his Congressional employees.
Nov. 7, 1978 Re-elected after conviction.
Jul. 31, 1979 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended censure, 11-0
Jul. 31, 1979 House of Representatives censured, 414-0
Jun. 3, 1980 Resigned after losing criminal appeal.

Rep. Joshua Eilberg [D-PA4, 1967-1978]

ethics violation resolved

On Sep. 13, 1978, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Eilberg for conflict of interest by helping a hospital receive a federal grant and conducted inquiry. On Oct. 24, 1978, he was indicted. On Nov. 7, 1978, he lost the election.

Sep. 13, 1978 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct conducted inquiry
Oct. 24, 1978 Indicted.
Nov. 7, 1978 Lost the election.

Rep. Charles Wilson [D-CA31, 1963-1980]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

On Sep. 27, 1978, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Wilson for making a false statement on an answer to a Standards Committee questionnaire regarding the Korean Influence Investigation and recommended reprimand, 8-1. On Oct. 13, 1978, the House of Representatives reprimanded him, 329-41.

Sep. 27, 1978 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct conducted inquiry and recommended reprimand, 8-1
Oct. 13, 1978 House of Representatives reprimanded, 329-41

Rep. John McFall [D-CA14, 1975-1978]

campaign & elections reprimand resignation resolved

On Oct. 4, 1978, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated McFall for failing to report $3,000 campaign contribution in 1974 and recommended reprimand, 8-2. On Oct. 13, 1978, the House of Representatives reprimanded him by voice vote On Dec. 31, 1978, he resigned.

Oct. 4, 1978 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct conducted inquiry and recommended reprimand, 8-2
Oct. 13, 1978 House of Representatives reprimanded, voice vote
Dec. 31, 1978 Resigned.

Rep. Edward Roybal [D-CA25, 1975-1992]

campaign & elections reprimand resolved

On Sep. 27, 1978, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Roybal for failing to report campaign contributions, converting campaign funds to personal use, and making a false statement to the Standards committee and recommended censure. On Oct. 13, 1978, the House of Representatives rejected the censure recommendation, 219-170; but reprimanded him by voice vote.

Sep. 27, 1978 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct conducted inquiry and recommended censure
Oct. 13, 1978 House of Representatives rejected the censure recommendation, 219-170; reprimanded, voice vote

Rep. Edward Patten [D-NJ15, 1963-1980]

other crimes campaign & elections resolved

On Oct. 4, 1978, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Patten for making political contributions with funds provided by another; conducted an inquiry; and dismissed the charges, 8-0.

Oct. 4, 1978 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct conducted inquiry and dismissed the charges, 8-0

Rep. Andrew Hinshaw [R-CA40, 1975-1976]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

On Jan. 26, 1976, Hinshaw was convicted of state bribery charges for conduct prior to election but the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended against expulsion due to lack of jurisdiction for actions committed prior to service in House, 10-2.

Jan. 26, 1976 Convicted of bribery.
Jun. 8, 1976 Lost the primary.
Sep. 1, 1976 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended against expulsion due to lack of jurisdiction for actions committed prior to service in House, 10-2
Oct. 1, 1976 House of Representatives expulsion resolution was tabled

Rep. Wayne Hays [D-OH18, 1949-1976]

ethics violation resignation resolved

On Jun. 2, 1976, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Hayes for retaining an employee on public payroll for immoral purposes (1974-76) after Hays and other members requested an investigation of the press allegations. On Sep. 1, 1976, he resigned prior to hearings.

Jun. 2, 1976 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct ordered an investigation after Hays and other members requested an investigation of the press allegations
Sep. 1, 1976 Resigned prior to hearings.

Rep. Herbert Burke [R-FL12, 1973-1978]

ethics violation pleaded in court resolved

On May 27, 1978, Burke faced an allegation of drunk and disorderly and resisting arrest at the Centerfold Bar in Dania, FL. Burke resisted, he said, because he was only there to stop a drug deal. In 1978, he pleaded guilty and lost his bid for re-election.

1978 Pleaded guilty and lost his bid for re-election.

Rep. Richard Tonry [D-LA1, 1977-1978]

campaign & elections resignation resolved

Tonry faced an allegation of stuffing ballot boxes and illegal campaign contributions in the primary election. On May. 5, 1977, he resigned.

Feb. 2, 1977 House Committee on Administration investigated the charges
May. 5, 1977 Resigned.
Jun. 27, 1977 Defeated in a special election primary held to fill the vacancy he created with his resignation.

Rep. Robert Sikes [D-FL1, 1963-1978]

ethics violation reprimand resolved

On Jul. 21, 1976, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Sikes for improper financial disclosure [R. 44] and conflict of interest and recommended reprimand, 10-2. On Jul. 29, 1976, the House of Representatives reprimanded him, 381-3. In 1978, he did not seek re-election.

Jul. 21, 1976 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct recommended reprimand, 10-2
Jul. 29, 1976 House of Representatives reprimanded, 381-3
1978 Did not seek re-election.

Rep. Michael Harrington [D-MA6, 1969-1978]

ethics violation resolved

In 1975, the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct investigated Harrington for public disclosure of 1974 executive session testimony by the CIA Director to the House Armed Services Investigations Subcommittee. On Nov. 6, 1975, the committee dismissed the complaint because the information had not been properly classified.

Nov. 6, 1975 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct dismissed the complaint, 7-3 because the information had not been properly classified

Rep. John Dowdy [D-TX2, 1967-1972]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

In 1971 Dowdy was convicted of bribery, conspiracy, and perjury related to accepting $25,000 to hinder a federal investigation of a Maryland company in 1965. On Apr. 16, 1975, the House of Representatives passed H. Res. 46, 360-37 adding clause 10 to the Code of Official Conduct, stating the policy of the House that a member convicted of a serious crime voluntarily refrain from voting.

Dec. 30, 1971 Convicted of bribery, conspiracy, and perjury.
1972 Declined to run for re-election.
Mar. 12, 1975 House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct unanimously adopted H. Res. 46
Apr. 16, 1975 House of Representatives passed H. Res. 46, 360-37 adding clause 10 to the Code of Official Conduct, stating the policy of the House that member convicted of a serious crime voluntarily refrain from voting

Rep. Frank Brasco [D-NY11, 1967-1974]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Brasco faced an allegation of bribery to get a Post Office contract for a Mafia-controlled truck company. On Jul. 19, 1974, he was convicted and did not run for re-election.

Jul. 19, 1974 Convicted and did not run for re-election.

Rep. Bertram Podell [D-NY13, 1967-1974]

bribery & corruption pleaded in court resolved

Podell faced an allegation of bribery. In 1974, he was defeated in the election after indictment. On Oct. 1, 1974, he pleaded guilty to conspiracy and conflict of interest.

1974 Defeated in the election after indictment.
Oct. 1, 1974 Pleaded guilty to conspiracy and conflict of interest.

Rep. Cornelius Gallagher [D-NJ13, 1959-1972]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

Gallagher faced an allegation of tax evasion and perjury. In 1972, he was defeated in the primary. On Jun. 15, 1973, he pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two years in prison and a $10,000 fine.

1972 Defeated in the primary.
Jun. 15, 1973 Pleaded guilty and was sentenced to two years in prison and a $10,000 fine.

Rep. John Whalley [R-PA12, 1963-1972]

other crimes resignation pleaded in court resolved

Whalley faced an allegation of taking kickbacks from congressional employees for personal use. In 1973, he resigned from Congress and pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and mail fraud.

1973 Resigned from Congress and pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and mail fraud.

Sen. Edward “Ted” Kennedy [D-MA, 1962-2009]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

On July 18, 1969, Kennedy faced an allegation of leaving the scene of an accident after driving a car into the Poucha Pond inlet while his passenger Mary Jo Kopechne drowned. On Jul. 25, 1969, he pleaded guilty and received a suspended sentence.

Jul. 25, 1969 Pleaded guilty and received a suspended sentence.

Rep. Adam Powell [D-NY18, 1963-1970]

other crimes ethics violation resolved

Powell faced an allegation of using committee travel funds for personal travel while Chairman of Education and Labor committee, other misuse of funds, and contempt of court. He was excluded, 307-116 on Mar. 1, 1967, then reelected in a special election but did not take the seat, and on Jan. 3, 1969, he was seated to the 91st Cong. and fined $25,000, 254-158. In 1969, the Supreme Court held the exclusion unconstitutional, see (Powell v. McCormack, 395 U.S. 486.

Feb. 23, 1967 Select Committee appointed by the House recommended censure, $40,000 restitution and reduction of seniority.
Mar. 1, 1967 Excluded, 307-116.
Apr. 11, 1967 Reelected to the 90th Congress in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by his exclusion but did not take the seat.
Jan. 3, 1969 Seated after reelection to the 91st Cong., fined $25,000 and seniority reduced, 254-158.
1969 Supreme Court held the exclusion unconstitutional, see (Powell v. McCormack, 395 U.S. 486.
1970 Lost the primary to Charles Rangel.

Rep. Martin McKneally [R-NY27, 1969-1970]

other crimes pleaded in court resolved

McKneally faced an allegation of tax evasion revealed during the last month of the 1970 election. In 1970, he was defeated. On Oct. 19, 1971, he pleaded guilty to one count of failing to report income for tax purposes for the years 1964-1967.

1970 Defeated.
Oct. 19, 1971 Pleaded guilty to one count of failing to report income for tax purposes for the years 1964-1967.

Sen. Daniel Brewster [D-MD, 1963-1968]

bribery & corruption pleaded in court resolved

In 1969, after he lost his re-election campaign for the Senate, Brewster was indicted for bribery while a U.S. Senator. In 1975, he pleaded no contest to a single charge of accepting an illegal gratuity.

1975 Pleaded no contest to a single charge of accepting an illegal gratuity.

Sen. Thomas Dodd [D-CT, 1959-1970]

ethics violation campaign & elections censure resolved

Dodd faced an allegation of personal use of campaign funds and unbecoming conduct in a senator. On Feb. 23, 1966, he made a request for committee investigation. On Apr. 27, 1967, the Senate Select Committee on Standards and Conduct recommended censure. On Jun. 23, 1967, the Senate censured him, 92-5. In 1970, he was not re-elected.

Feb. 23, 1966 Request for committee investigation.
Apr. 27, 1967 Senate Select Committee on Standards and Conduct committee report was released with recommendation of censure
Jun. 23, 1967 Senate censured 92-5
1970 Was not re-elected.

Rep. Frank Boykin [D-AL1, 1935-1962]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Boykin was found guilty of conspiracy and conflict of interest. In 1962, after reapportionment reduced Alabama's Congressional delegation by one seat in 1962, Alabama held a single statewide election for its representatives with all of the current representatives running against each other. Boykin placed last and therefore was not re-elected. In 1963, he was convicted. In 1964, he was pardoned by President Johnson.

1962 After reapportionment reduced Alabama's Congressional delegation by one seat in 1962, Alabama held a single statewide election for Congressional Representatives with all of the current Representatives running against each other. The Representative who placed last would get no seat and the rest would be at-large. Boykin placed last.
1963 Convicted.
1964 Pardoned by President Johnson.

Rep. Thomas Johnson [D-MD1, 1959-1962]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Johnson faced an allegation of accepting an illegal gratuity. In 1962, he was defeated in the election. In 1968, he was convicted of conspiracy and conflict of interest.

1962 Defeated in the election.
1968 Convicted of conspiracy and conflict of interest.

Rep. Thomas Lane [D-MA7, 1941-1962]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Lane faced an allegation of tax evasion. In 1956, he was convicted and served four months in prison while still in Congress and was re-elected subsequently.

1956 Convicted and served four months in prison while still in Congress and was re-elected subsequently.

Rep. Ernest Bramblett [R-CA13, 1953-1954]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Bramblett faced an allegation of engaging in payroll fraud. In 1954, he was convicted and not a candidate for re-election.

1954 Convicted and not a candidate for re-election.

Sen. Joseph McCarthy [R-WI, 1947-1957]

ethics violation censure resolved

McCarthy abused a Senate committee. On Dec. 2, 1954, the Senate censured him, 67-22.

Nov. 8, 1954 Select Committee to Study Censure Charges unanimously recommended censure
Dec. 2, 1954 Senate censured, 67-22
May. 2, 1957 Died before his term would have ended in 1958.

Sen. Joseph McCarthy [R-WI, 1947-1957]

bribery & corruption resolved

McCarthy faced an allegation of corruption. On Jan. 2, 1953, the Senate Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections issued a report with no specific recommendations for Senate action and thus the Senate took no action even though the Subcommittee did find evidence of improper behavior by McCarthy. In 1953, the Department of Justice announced it had found no evidence of wrongdoing and closed the case.

Aug. 6, 1951 Senator Benton introduced a resolution calling for an inquiry into McCarthy. Senate referred the resolution to the Committee on Rules and Administration which passed it to the Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections.
Jan. 2, 1953 Senate Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections issued a report with no specific recommendations for Senate action and thus the Senate took no action even though the Subcommittee did find evidence of improper behavior by McCarthy
1953 Having received the Subcommittee's report and files, the Department of Justice announced it had found no evidence of wrongdoing and closed the case.

Rep. Walter Brehm [R-OH11, 1943-1952]

campaign & elections conviction in court resolved

Brehm faced an allegation of illegal campaign contributions. On Apr. 30, 1951, he was convicted and fined $5,000. In 1952, he was not a candidate for re-election.

Apr. 30, 1951 Convicted and fined $5,000.
1952 Not a candidate for re-election.

Rep. John Thomas [R-NJ7, 1937-1950]

other crimes resignation pleaded in court resolved

Thomas faced an allegation of payroll fraud. On Nov. 30, 1949, he pleaded no contest and served nine months in prison. On Jan. 2, 1950, he resigned.

Nov. 30, 1949 Pleaded no contest and served nine months in prison.
Jan. 2, 1950 Resigned.

Rep. Andrew May [D-KY7, 1935-1946]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

May faced an allegation of war profiteering by accepting bribes to use his official position to secure munitions contracts during World War Two. In 1946, he was defeated in the election. On Jul. 3, 1947, he was convicted. In 1950, he served nine months in prison. In 1952, he was pardoned by President Truman.

1946 Defeated in the election.
Jul. 3, 1947 Convicted.
1950 Served nine months in prison.
1952 Pardoned by President Truman.

Sen. Theodore Bilbo [D-MS, 1935-1946]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections resolved

Bilbo faced allegations of campaign irregularities, voter intimidation against African-American voters and corruption. In 1946, the Senate established a special committee to investigate election practices in the 1946 MS senate election and separately had the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program also investigate Bilbo. On Aug. 21, 1947, while fellow white supremacist senators from Southern states filibustered an attempt to expel Bilbo, the discussion was tabled so Bilbo could receive treatment for cancer of the mouth. He died on August 21, 1947 and no formal action was ever taken.

1946 Senate established a special committee to investigate election practices in the 1946 MS senate election and separately had the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program also investigate Bilbo
Aug. 21, 1947 While fellow white supremacist senators from Southern states filibustered an attempt to expel Bilbo, the discussion was tabled so Bilbo could receive treatment for cancer of the mouth. He died on August 21, 1947 and no formal action was ever taken.

Sen. George Berry [D-TN, 1937-1938]

bribery & corruption resolved

Langer faced an allegation of bribery, receiving kickbacks, collecting fees for fictitious services and converting proceeds from litigation settlements. On Jan. 29, 1942, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended that Langer was not entitled to his seat due to a lack of moral fitness to be a senator and recommended he be excluded by a majority vote. On Mar. 27, 1942, the Senate vote on exclusion but failed 30-52.

Jan. 3, 1941 Senate referred the allegations to the Committee on Privileges and Elections
Jan. 29, 1942 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended that Langer was not entitled to his seat due to a lack of moral fitness to be a senator and recommended he be excluded by a majority vote
Mar. 27, 1942 Senate rejected the argument that Langer could not be seated which meant an expulsion and a two-thirds majority instead; the vote failed 30-52

Rep. John Hoeppel [D-CA12, 1933-1936]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Hoeppel faced an allegation of selling military appointments. In 1936, he was convicted. In 1936, he was an unsuccessful candidate for election.

1936 Convicted.
1936 Unsuccessful candidate for election.

Sen. Huey Long [D-LA, 1932-1935]

campaign & elections resolved

Long faced allegations of previously using Louisiana state employees and resources for the campaign of Sen. John Overton and promising release to prisoners in exchange for supporting Overton at the polls. By Jun. 16, 1934, the investigating committees concluded that no specific action was warranted, partly because many of the contested activities were legal in Louisiana at that time and partly due to a lack of evidence. On Sep. 1, 1935, Long was assassinated before he could finish his Senate term or complete his campaign to run for president.

Sep. 21, 1932 Special Committee to Investigate Campaign Expenditures referred to committee
Mar. 4, 1933 Senate seated John Overton
Apr. 14, 1933 Senate Committee on the Judiciary referred to committee
Jan. 10, 1934 Committee on Privileges and Elections referred to committee
Jan. 16, 1934 Special Committee to Investigate Campaign Expenditures report presented to Senate
Mar. 19, 1934 Senate Committee on the Judiciary report presented to Senate
Jun. 16, 1934 Committee on Privileges and Elections report presented to Senate
Jun. 16, 1934 Senate all three committees concluded that no specific action was warranted, partly because many of the contested activities were legal in Louisiana at that time and partly due to a lack of evidence (often resulting from questionable campaign finance recordkeeping practices). Thus, both Long and Overton retained their seats.
Sep. 1, 1935 Long was assassinated before he could finish his Senate term or complete his campaign to run for president.

Rep. Harry Rowbottom [R-IN1, 1927-1931]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Rowbottom faced an allegation of accepting bribes for appointments to the U.S. Post Office. In 1930, he was an unsuccessful candidate for election. On Apr. 16, 1931, he was convicted.

1930 Unsuccessful candidate for election.
Apr. 16, 1931 Convicted.

Sen. Hiram Bingham [R-CT, 1927-1933]

ethics violation censure resolved

Bingham hired a lobbyist who was still being paid by a manufacturing organization. On Nov. 4, 1929, the Senate censured him 54-22.

Oct. 17, 1929 Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary despite not being named in the investigation, Bingham volunteered to testify before the subcommittee to defend his former staff member, the lobbyist Charles Eyanson. Bingham said he asked the manufacturer's association to loan him Eyanson, but to keep paying Eyanson. Then Bingham temporarily replaced his principal clerk with Eyanson so that Eyanson could attend closed sessions on tariff proposals.
Oct. 26, 1929 Subcommittee of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary condemned the arrangement, but did not recommend censure. Over the next few weeks, Bingham attacked the Judiciary subcommittee as having been unfairly partisan.
Nov. 1, 1929 Senate Judiciary Committee Chair Norris introduced a resolution to censure Bingham for his discourteous behavior towards his colleagues.
Nov. 4, 1929 Senate censured 54-22 after the censure resolution was modified to indicate that Bingham had no corrupt motives
1932 Lost his bid for re-election.

Sen. Frank Smith [R-IL, 1926-1929]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections exclusion resolved

On May. 19, 1926, Smith's admitted excessive campaign contributions from a utility company he regulated. Smith won election anyway in 1926, but was appointed before being seated to a vacant Senate seat. The Senate refused to seat Smith.

May. 19, 1926 Smith's admitted excessive campaign contributions from a utility company he regulated put him under investigation after the primary and during the general election season. Smith won anyway in 1926 and would normally have then been seated in March 1927.
Dec. 7, 1926 Senator McKinley (also of Illinois) died.
Dec. 9, 1926 Senate resolution was introduced to preclude the seating of Smith should he be appointed to fill McKinley's slot
Dec. 16, 1926 Governor of Illinois appointed Smith to McKinley's seat to fill the remainder of his term.
Jan. 19, 1927 Smith presented his credentials for seating in the Senate.
Jan. 20, 1927 Senate refused to seat Smith and referred the allegations to the Committee on Privileges and Elections
Jan. 17, 1928 Committee on Privileges and Elections reported that Smith should not be seated due to campaign corruption
Jan. 28, 1928 Senate voted 61-23 to exclude Smith
1928 Three weeks later Smith resigned, the Illinois governor accepted it, announced a vacancy and named Smith to fill the vacancy. Smith did not claim the seat and then lost in the 1928 primaries.

Sen. Arthur Gould [R-ME, 1926-1931]

bribery & corruption resolved

Gould faced an allegation of bribery more than a decade before his time in office, and the Senate considered whether to prevent him from taking his seat. On Mar. 4, 1927, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended the Senate dismiss all charges in part because 14 year old charges did not and should not affect the legality of his election.

Dec. 7, 1926 Committee on Privileges and Elections Sen. Walsh asked for a clear judgment on the Senate's right to exclude members for actions taken long before their election to the Senate and unrelated to the election itself.
Mar. 4, 1927 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended the Senate dismiss all charges because 14 year old charges did not and should not affect the legality of his election. Further, because the bribe was made on behalf of a board of directors of a company of which Gould was a member and because Gould swore that he had personally vehemently opposed that bribe, therefore, he, Gould was not personally responsible for the crime that everyone agreed had in fact taken place. The committee further refused to provide a guideline on how prior actions should affect seating as a Senator because each case should be considered on its merits.
Apr. 28, 1928 Senate reimbursed Gould over $10,000 for his expenses
1932 Gould declined to run for re-election.

Sen. Sam Bratton [D-NM, 1931-1933]

bribery & corruption resolved

Bratton faced an allegation of election irregularities that changed the outcome of the election. On Apr. 30, 1926, the Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously found that the accuser had failed to prove corruption or a change in the election outcome and recommended no further action. On Apr. 30, 1926, the Senate adopted the committee report.

Apr. 30, 1926 Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously found that the accuser had failed to prove corruption or a change in the election outcome and recommended no further action.
Apr. 30, 1926 Senate adopted the committee report

Sen. Thomas Schall [R-MN, 1931-1935]

campaign & elections resolved

Schall faced an allegation of campaign misconduct. On Jun. 26, 1926, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended unanimously that Schall retain his seat. On Jun. 16, 1926, the Senate adopted the committee recommendation.

Jun. 26, 1926 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended unanimously that Schall retain his seat.
Jun. 16, 1926 Senate adopted the committee recommendation

Rep. John Langley [R-KY-1, 1925-1927]

other crimes resignation conviction in court resolved

Langley faced an allegation of violating the National Prohibition Act and in 1924 was convicted. On May. 15, 1924, a special committee deferred action until conclusion of criminal case and appeals. In 1925, he was re-elected. On Nov. 13, 1925, the conviction was affirmed by appeals court. On Dec. 22, 1925, the special committee concluded that House could not expel a member for action prior to election and recommended no action until decision by Supreme Court. In Jan. 1926, the Supreme Court declined to review the case. On Jan. 11, 1926, he resigned.

1924 Convicted of violating the National Prohibition Act in 1924.
May. 15, 1924 Special committee deferred action until conclusion of criminal case and appeals.
1925 Re-elected.
Nov. 13, 1925 Conviction affirmed by appeals court.
Dec. 22, 1925 Special committee concluded that House could not expel a member for action prior to election; recommended no action until decision by Supreme Court.
January 1926 Supreme Court declined to review the case
Jan. 11, 1926 Resigned.

Rep. Frederick Zihlman [R-MD6, 1927-1931]

bribery & corruption resolved

Zihlman faced an allegation that “certain sums of money were paid to two members of Congress” according to a grand jury report to court in 1924. On May. 15, 1924, a special committee recommended no further action against Zihlman.

May. 15, 1924 Special committee recommended no further action against Zihlman.

Sen. Burton Wheeler [D-MT, 1923-1946]

ethics violation resolved

Wheeler faced an allegation of representing clients in cases in which the U.S. was an interested party (indicted in Montana). On Apr. 9, 1924, Wheeler requested a special committee to investigate the indictment because he contended it was retaliation for his investigations into the Justice Department's failure to prosecute government officials implicated in the Teapot Dome scandal. On May. 14, 1924, the special committee exonerated Wheeler. On May. 23, 1924, the Senate voted to agree with the committee report 56-5. In 1925, wheeler was acquitted in the Montana case.

Apr. 9, 1924 Senate Wheeler requested a special committee to investigate the indictment because he contended it was retaliation for his investigations into the Justice Department's failure to prosecute government officials implicated in the Teapot Dome scandal.
May. 14, 1924 special committee exonerated Wheeler.
May. 23, 1924 Senate voted to agree with the committee report 56-5.
1925 Wheeler was acquitted in the Montana case.

Sen. Truman Newberry [R-MI, 1919-1922]

bribery & corruption resignation conviction in court resolved

Newberry faced an allegation of election fraud. On Mar. 20, 1920, the Senate convicted him of bribery. On May. 2, 1921, the Supreme Court overturned the Senate conviction. On Jan. 12, 1922, the Senate affirmed his election 46-41. On Nov. 18, 1922, he resigned.

Mar. 20, 1920 Senate convicted him of bribery.
May. 2, 1921 Supreme Court overturned the Senate conviction.
Jan. 12, 1922 Senate affirmed his election 46-41.
Nov. 18, 1922 Resigned.

Rep. Thomas Blanton [D-TX17, 1931-1936]

ethics violation censure resolved

Blanton faced an allegation of inserting a document in Congressional Record containing indecent and obscene language on October 22, 1921. On Oct. 27, 1921, he was censured (“resolution of reprimand and censure”), 293-0. On Oct. 28, 1921, apologized.

Oct. 27, 1921 Censured (“resolution of reprimand and censure”), 293-0.
Oct. 28, 1921 Apologized.

Sen. Robert La Follette [R-WI, 1923-1925]

other crimes resolved

La Follette faced an allegation of disloyalty to the United States by speaking against U.S. participation in World War I. On Jan. 16, 1919, the Committee on Privileges and Elections majority report recommended dismissing charges. On Jan. 16, 1919, the Senate voted 50-21 to dismiss the charges.

Jan. 16, 1919 Committee on Privileges and Elections majority report recommended dismissing charges.
Jan. 16, 1919 Senate voted 50-21 to dismiss the charges

Sen. Truman Newberry [R-MI, 1919-1922]

bribery & corruption campaign & elections conviction in court resolved

Newberry faced an allegation of corrupt election spending. On Mar. 20, 1920, he was found guilty of campaign finance violations. On May. 2, 1921, the Supreme Court struck down the conviction. On Sep. 29, 1921, the Committee on Privileges and Elections exonerated Newberry in the majority report. On Jan. 12, 1922, the Senate condemned Newberry for excessive expenditures, but did not unseat him.

Mar. 20, 1920 Found guilty of campaign finance violations.
May. 2, 1921 Supreme Court struck down conviction.
Sep. 29, 1921 Committee on Privileges and Elections exonerated Newberry in the majority report.
Jan. 12, 1922 Senate condemned Newberry for excessive expenditures, but did not unseat him

Sen. Howard Sutherland [R-WV, 1917-1923]

campaign & elections resolved

Sutherland faced an allegation of illegal campaign activities. On Jun. 26, 1918, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended Sutherland retain his seat due to a lack of evidence. On Jun. 28, 1918, the Senate adopted the committee's recommendation.

Jun. 26, 1918 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended Sutherland retain his seat due to a lack of evidence.
Jun. 28, 1918 Senate adopted the committee's recommendation

Rep. James McDermott [D-IL4, 1915-1917]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

McDermott faced an allegation of bribery by National Association of Manufacturers and other groups in June 1913, alleged by newspapers. On Dec. 9, 1913, the Select Committee to Investigate Lobby Charges recommended censure of McDermott and exonerated six other members. On Apr. 24, 1914, the House Committee on the Judiciary recommended a resolution “strongly” condemning the conduct of McDermott. On Jul. 21, 1914, he resigned. On Nov. 3, 1914, he was re-elected.

Dec. 9, 1913 Select Committee to Investigate Lobby Charges recommended censure of McDermott and exonerated six other members.
Apr. 24, 1914 House Committee on the Judiciary recommended resolution “strongly” condemning conduct of McDermott.
Jul. 21, 1914 Resigned.
Nov. 3, 1914 Re-elected.

Sen. Clarence Watson [D-WV, 1911-1913]

bribery & corruption resolved

Watson faced an allegation of bribery to secure a Senate seat. On Feb. 11, 1913, the Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously recommended no further action. On Feb. 11, 1913, the Senate adopted the recommendation.

Feb. 11, 1913 Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously recommended no further action.
Feb. 11, 1913 Senate adopted the recommendation

Sen. William Chilton [D-WV, 1911-1917]

bribery & corruption resolved

Chilton faced an allegation of bribery to secure a Senate seat. On Feb. 11, 1913, the Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously recommended no further action. On Feb. 11, 1913, the Senate adopted the recommendation.

Feb. 11, 1913 Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously recommended no further action.
Feb. 11, 1913 Senate adopted the recommendation

Sen. Isaac Stephenson [R-WI, 1907-1915]

bribery & corruption resolved

Stephenson faced an allegation of electoral misconduct, bribery, and corruption. On Jun. 11, 1911, the Committee on Privileges and Elections issued a majority report recommending he retain his seat and the minority report disagreeing. On Mar. 12, 1912, the Senate voted to allow him to keep his seate 40-34.

Jun. 11, 1911 Committee on Privileges and Elections issued a majority report recommending he retain his seat and the minority report disagreeing
Mar. 12, 1912 Senate voted to allow him to keep his seate 40-34

Sen. William Lorimer [R-IL, 1909-1913]

bribery & corruption exclusion resolved

Lorimer committed electoral misconduct, bribery, and corruption of a state legislature in order to secure election to the Senate (this was immediately before the 17th Amendement passed providing for direct election of senators). On Mar. 1, 1911, the Senate vote to unseat him failed 40-46. But on Jul. 13, 1912, the Senate unseated him by a vote of 55-28.

Jun. 1, 1910 Senate Lorimer asked for an investigation in light of Chicago Tribune allegations
Dec. 21, 1910 Committee on Privileges and Elections majority report exonerated him while minority reports did not.
Mar. 1, 1911 Senate vote to unseat failed 40-46
Jun. 7, 1911 Senate subcomittee created out of Committee on Privileges and Elections
May. 20, 1912 Committee on Privileges and Elections Subcommittee issued another majority and minority report, the former recommending he keep the seat and the minority that he not.
Jul. 13, 1912 Senate unseated by a vote of 55-28

Rep. Henry Cassel [R-PA9, 1907-1909]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Cassel faced an allegation of fraud related to the construction of the Pennsylvania State Capitol. In 1909, he was convicted and was not re-elected.

1909 Convicted and was not re-elected.

Rep. George Lilley [R-CT-1, 1907-1909]

ethics violation resolved

Lilley faced an allegation of contempt of House for making false charges of corruption regarding another member. On May. 20, 1908, the Select Committee concluded Lilley made false allegations against another member and acted in contempt of House. On May. 20, 1908, the House of Representatives approved the report and conclusions of Select committee, 159- 82.

May. 20, 1908 Select Committee concluded Lilley made false allegations against another member and acted in contempt of House.
May. 20, 1908 House of Representatives approved the report and conclusions of Select committee, 159-82

Sen. Reed Smoot [R-UT, 1927-1933]

ethics violation resolved

Smoot faced an allegation of Mormonism, which was indeed his religion. On Jun. 2, 1906, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended expulsion 7-5 solely because he was a Mormon. On Feb. 20, 1907, the Senate first decided to require a 2/3 majority for expulsion which failed 27-43, and second to unseat him, which also failed 28-42.

Jun. 2, 1906 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended expulsion 7-5
Feb. 20, 1907 Senate first decided to require a 2/3 majority for expulsion which failed 27-43, and second to unseat him, which also failed 28-42.

Sen. John Mitchell [R-OR, 1901-1905]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Mitchell faced an allegation of using political influence in the federal government to help clients with land claims. In 1905, his indictment and conviction occured during Senate recess. On Dec. 8, 1905, he died.

1905 Indictment and conviction occured during Senate recess.
Dec. 8, 1905 Died.

Sen. Charles Dietrich [R-NE, 1901-1905]

bribery & corruption resolved

Dietrich faced an allegation of improprieties in postal appointments while Nebraska governor. On Feb. 1, 1904, Dietrich requested an investigation into charges he had accepted bribes for postal appointments even though the charges were dismissed in January 1904. On Apr. 14, 1904, the special committee unanimously exonerated Dietrich and no further action was taken.

Feb. 1, 1904 Senate Dietrich requested an investigation into charges he had accepted bribes for postal appointments even though the charges were dismissed in January 1904.
Apr. 14, 1904 The special committee unanimously exonerated Dietrich and no further action was taken.

Sen. Joseph Burton [R-KS, 1901-1907]

ethics violation resignation conviction in court resolved

Burton was convicted of accepting compensation for services before a federal agency. On May. 21, 1906, his final conviction was upheld after the first had been overturned and he'd been convicted again. From 1904 to this point, Burton had not voted in the Senate to avoid triggering an explusion vote. On May 22, 1906, the issue was referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections. On Jun. 4, 1906, he resigned.

May. 21, 1906 His final conviction was upheld after the first had been overturned and he'd been convicted again. From 1904 to this point, Burton had not voted in the Senate to avoid triggering an explusion vote.
May. 22, 1906 Referred to Committee on Privileges and Elections.
Jun. 4, 1906 Resigned.

Sen. John McLaurin [D-SC, 1897-1903]

ethics violation censure resolved

McLaurin had an altercation on February 22, 1902 in which Sen. Tillman accused Sen. McLaurin of treachery, then McLaurin accused Tillman of lying. Tillman then attacked McLaurin physically. After a fight almost broke out again, the Senate censured them both 54-12.

Feb. 22, 1902 Senate referred to Committee on Privileges and Elections and both senators were declared in contempt of the Senate and would not be allowed to speak on the floor except at the request of another senator. Another senator did so and both apologized although in such an unpleasant manner the fight almost broke out again.
Feb. 28, 1902 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended that both should receive the same punishment even though Tillman started it. The punishment was censure and the suspension of duties they'd already been experiencing.
Feb. 28, 1902 Senate censured 54-12, with 22 senators not voting.

Sen. Benjamin Tillman [D-SC, 1907-1919]

ethics violation censure resolved

Tillman had an altercation on February 22, 1902 in which he accused Sen. McLaurin of treachery, then McLaurin accused Tillman of lying. Tillman then attacked McLaurin physically. After a fight almost broke out again, the Senate censured them both 54-12.

Feb. 22, 1902 Senate referred to Committee on Privileges and Elections and both senators were declared in contempt of the Senate and would not be allowed to speak on the floor except at the request of another senator. Another senator did so and both apologized although in such an unpleasant manner the fight almost broke out again.
Feb. 28, 1902 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended that both should receive the same punishment even though Tillman started it. The punishment was censure and the suspension of duties they'd already been experiencing.
Feb. 28, 1902 Senate censured 54-12, with 22 senators not voting.

Sen. William Clark [D-MT, 1901-1907]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

Clark faced an allegation of bribery to win a Senate seat. On Apr. 23, 1900, the Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously concluded he was not entitled to his seat and recommended a vote to unseat him. On May. 15, 1900, he resigned rather than be voted out. In 1901, he was elected to fill the vacancy he'd just created by a Montana legislature filled with winning candidates he'd financially supported.

Apr. 23, 1900 Committee on Privileges and Elections unanimously concluded he was not entitled to his seat and recommended a vote to unseat him
May. 15, 1900 He resigned rather than be voted out.
1901 Clark was elected to fill the vacancy he'd just created by a Montana legislature filled with winning candidates he'd financially supported. His prior antagonist had died in 1900 and no new charges challenging his seat were filed.

Sen. Marcus Hanna [R-OH, 1899-1905]

bribery & corruption resolved

Hanna faced an allegation of bribery to win a Senate seat. On Feb. 28, 1899, the Committee on Privileges and Elections majority report found in favor of Hanna.

Feb. 28, 1899 Committee on Privileges and Elections majority report found in favor of Hanna

Sen. William Roach [D-ND, 1893-1899]

other crimes resolved

Roach faced an allegation of embezzlement. In 1893, he was not expelled because the embezzlement had occured 13 years earlier.

1893 Was not expelled because the embezzlement had occured 13 years earlier.

Rep. William Bynum [D-IN7, 1893-1895]

ethics violation censure resolved

Bynum faced an allegation of insulting another member during debate on May 17, 1890. On May. 17, 1890, he was censured 126-104.

May. 17, 1890 Censured 126-104.

Sen. David Turpie [D-IN, 1893-1899]

campaign & elections resolved

Turpie faced an allegation of misconduct by the Indiana Senate to secure Turpie's election. On Mar. 4, 1888, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended no action since even if the charges were true the U.S. Senate had no jurisdiction over the Indiana Senate. On May. 15, 1888, the Senate voted by voice to discharge the committee from further investigation.

Mar. 4, 1888 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended no action since even if the charges were true the U.S. Senate had no jurisdiction over the Indiana Senate.
May. 15, 1888 Senate voted by voice to discharge the committee from further investigation

Sen. Henry Payne [D-OH, 1885-1891]

bribery & corruption resolved

Payne faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in the election. On Jul. 15, 1886, the Committee on Privileges and Elections submitted multiple reports with no conclusive recommendations. On Jul. 23, 1886, the Senate voted to discharge the committee from further investigation.

Jul. 15, 1886 Committee on Privileges and Elections submitted multiple reports with no conclusive recommendations.
Jul. 23, 1886 Senate voted to discharge the committee from further investigation

Rep. William Kellogg [R-LA3, 1883-1885]

bribery & corruption resolved

Kellogg faced an allegation of corruption for conduct that occurred prior to election to the House. On May. 23, 1884, Kellogg asked the Department of Justice to investigate and the resolution was referred to the Judiciary committee, 82-49; but no report appears to have been made.

May. 23, 1884 Kellogg asked the Department of Justice to investigate and the resolution was referred to the Judiciary committee, 82-49; but no report appears to have been made.

Rep. John Van Voorhis [R-NY31, 1893-1895]

ethics violation resolved

Voorhis faced an allegation of insulting another member during debate on March 1, 1883. Voorhis apologized prior to a censure vote and on Mar. 1, 1883, the House of Representatives failed to censure him, 66-78.

Mar. 1, 1883 House of Representatives Voorhis apologized prior to a censure vote and the censure vote failed, 66-78

Sen. Elbridge Lapham [R-NY, 1881-1885]

bribery & corruption resolved

Lapham faced an allegation of election corruption. On Dec. 3, 1881, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended in an oral report that no further action for lack of evidence of wrongdoing. On Dec. 13, 1881, the Senate discharged the committee from further action.

Dec. 3, 1881 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended in an oral report that no further action for lack of evidence of wrongdoing.
Dec. 13, 1881 Senate discharged the committee from further action

Sen. Warner Miller [R-NY, 1881-1887]

bribery & corruption resolved

Miller faced an allegation of election corruption. On Dec. 3, 1881, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended in an oral report that no further action for lack of evidence of wrongdoing. On Dec. 13, 1881, the Senate discharged the committee from further action.

Dec. 3, 1881 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended in an oral report that no further action for lack of evidence of wrongdoing.
Dec. 13, 1881 Senate discharged the committee from further action

Sen. John Ingalls [R-KS, 1885-1891]

bribery & corruption resolved

Ingalls faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in the election. On Feb. 17, 1880, the Committee on Privileges and Elections concluded that while bribery and corruption were present, there was no evidence tying them to Ingalls or that it had altered election results and therefore the charges should be dismissed.

Feb. 17, 1880 Committee on Privileges and Elections concluded that while bribery and corruption were present, there was no evidence tying them to Ingalls or that it had altered election results and therefore the charges should be dismissed.

Sen. Stanley Matthews [R-OH, 1877-1879]

bribery & corruption resolved

Matthews faced an allegation of corruption before serving in the Senate. On Mar. 1, 1879, a Select Committee unanimously found Matthews had not committed fraud, but had given the appearance of impropriety.

Mar. 1, 1879 Select Committee unanimously found Matthews had not committed fraud, but had given the appearance of impropriety.

Sen. La Grover [D-OR, 1877-1883]

bribery & corruption resolved

Grover faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in the election. On Jun. 15, 1878, the Committee on Privileges and Elections dismissed the charges.

Jun. 15, 1878 Committee on Privileges and Elections dismissed the charges

Rep. Robert Smalls [R-SC7, 1885-1887]

bribery & corruption conviction in court resolved

Smalls faced an allegation of accepting a bribe while a state legislator in 1872. On Nov. 11, 1877, he was convicted and was sentenced to three years imprisonment, for which he served three days. On Dec. 3, 1877, he was released on bail pending appeal. On Jan. 25, 1878, the House Committee on the Judiciary investigated the circumstances of the conviction and determined that arrest by state authorities for an alleged state crime and detention for trial did not violate any right or privilege of the House. On Apr. 23, 1879, he was pardoned by governor.

Nov. 11, 1877 Convicted and was sentenced to three years imprisonment, for which he served three days.
Dec. 3, 1877 Released on bail pending appeal.
Jan. 25, 1878 House Committee on the Judiciary investigated the circumstances of the conviction and determined that arrest by state authorities for an alleged state crime and detention for trial did not violate any right or privilege of the House.
Apr. 23, 1879 Pardoned by governor.

Sen. James Blaine [R-ME, 1876-1881]

other crimes resignation resolved

Blaine faced an allegation of selling worthless bonds to Union Pacific Railroad for $64,000. On Jun. 6, 1876, the House Committee on the Judiciary ordered a report. On Jul. 10, 1876, he resigned.

Jun. 6, 1876 House Committee on the Judiciary ordered a report
Jul. 10, 1876 Resigned.

Rep. Charles Hays [R-AL4, 1875-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

Hays faced an allegation of accepting money to nominate an individual not from his district to military academy and making false certification regarding residency of the nominee. On Jul. 19, 1876, the committee recommended 4-2 that the House take no further action but concluded Hays' actions “excites grave suspicions, and shows in any possible view a carelessness which ought not to be tolerated”. On Aug. 6, 1876, the report of the Judiciary Committee was tabled.

Jul. 19, 1876 Committee recommended 4-2 that the House take no further action but concluded Hays' actions “excites grave suspicions, and shows in any possible view a carelessness which ought not to be tolerated”.
Aug. 6, 1876 Report of the Judiciary Committee was tabled.

Rep. William King [R-MN3, 1875-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

King faced an allegation of corruption and false testimony before congressional committee. On Aug. 9, 1876, the majority report of the Judiciary committee concluded 16-7 that the House had no jurisdiction to investigate an alleged offense committed in a previous Congress that was being reviewed by the courts.

Aug. 9, 1876 Majority report of the Judiciary committee concluded 16-7 that the House had no jurisdiction to investigate an alleged offense committed in a previous Congress that was being reviewed by the courts.

Rep. John Schumaker [D-NY2, 1875-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

Schumaker faced an allegation of corruption and false testimony before congressional committee. On Aug. 9, 1876, the majority report of the Judiciary committee concluded 16-7 that the House had no jurisdiction to investigate an alleged offense committed in a previous Congress that was being reviewed by the courts.

Aug. 9, 1876 Majority report of the Judiciary committee concluded 16-7 that the House had no jurisdiction to investigate an alleged offense committed in a previous Congress that was being reviewed by the courts.

Rep. John Brown [D-KY2, 1875-1877]

ethics violation censure resolved

Brown faced an allegation of insulting a member in debate and lying to the Speaker on February 4, 1875. On Feb. 4, 1875, the House of Representatives censured him, 161-79. On May. 2, 1876, the House of Representatives unanimously agreed to resolution rescinding portion of censure regarding comments to Speaker because the former Speaker concluded Brown “did not in any way intend to prevaricate or deceive the House”.

Feb. 4, 1875 House of Representatives censured, 161-79
May. 2, 1876 House of Representatives unanimously agreed to resolution rescinding portion of censure regarding comments to Speaker because the former Speaker concluded Brown “did not in any way intend to prevaricate or deceive the House”

Sen. Lewis Bogy [D-MO, 1873-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

Bogy faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in the election. On Mar. 25, 1873, the Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended no further action and the Senate voted to adopt committee report.

Mar. 25, 1873 Committee on Privileges and Elections recommended no further action.
Mar. 25, 1873 Senate voted to adopt committee report

Sen. William Allison [R-IA, 1903-1909]

bribery & corruption resolved

Allison faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Sen. James Bayard [D-DE, 1867-1869]

bribery & corruption resolved

Bayard faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Sen. George Boutwell [R-MA, 1873-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

Boutwell faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee made no recommendation.

Vice President Schuyler Colfax [R, 1869-1873]

bribery & corruption resolved

Colfax faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee made no recommendation. On Feb. 20, 1873, the House of Representatives impeachment resolution was introduced. On Mar. 4, 1873, his term as Vice President and President of the Senate ended.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee made no recommendation.
Feb. 20, 1873 House of Representatives impeachment resolution was introduced.
Mar. 4, 1873 Term as Vice President and President of the Senate ended.

Sen. James Harlan [R-IA, 1867-1873]

bribery & corruption resolved

Harlan faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee recommended censure. On Mar. 4, 1873, his term ended.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee recommended censure.
Mar. 4, 1873 Term ended.

Sen. John Logan [R-IL, 1885-1887]

bribery & corruption resolved

Logan faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee dismissed the charges.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee dismissed the charges.

Sen. Roscoe Conkling [R-NY, 1873-1881]

bribery & corruption resolved

Conkling faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee dismissed the charges.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee dismissed the charges.

Vice President Henry Wilson [R, 1873-1875]

bribery & corruption reprimand resolved

Wilson faced an allegation of bribery and corruption in management of Union Pacific Railroad and Credit Mobilier of America. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee no formal recommendation, but he was reprimanded in report.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee no formal recommendation, but reprimanded in report

Sen. James Patterson [R-NH, 1867-1873]

bribery & corruption resolved

Patterson faced an allegation of corruption in Credit Mobilier stock share purchases. On Feb. 27, 1873, the Morrill Committee made an unanimous recommendation of expulsion. In 1873, the Senate took no action due to expiration of Patterson's term.

Feb. 27, 1873 Morrill Committee made an unanimous recommendation of expulsion.
1873 Senate took no action due to expiration of Patterson's term

Sen. Samuel Pomeroy [R-KS, 1861-1873]

bribery & corruption resolved

Pomeroy faced an allegation of bribery to secure votes for a Senate seat. On Jun. 3, 1872, the Committee on Privileges and Elections dismissed the charges. On Mar. 3, 1873, having lost re-election, Pomeroy requested another investigation and the special committee investigating issued majority and minority reports. However, because the report came on the last day of his term, no further action was taken.

Jun. 3, 1872 Committee on Privileges and Elections dismissed the charges.
Mar. 3, 1873 Having lost re-election, Pomeroy requested another investigation and the special committee investigating issued majority and minority reports. However, because the report came on the last day of his term, no further action was taken.

Sen. Alexander Caldwell [R-KS, 1871-1873]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

Caldwell faced an allegation of bribery to secure votes for a Senate seat. On Feb. 17, 1873, the committee reported unanimously that Caldwell had bribed legislators for their votes and recommended a declaration of a voided election. On Mar. 24, 1873, he resigned before a Senate vote.

Feb. 17, 1873 Committee reported unanimously that Caldwell had bribed legislators for their votes and recommended a declaration of a voided election.
Mar. 24, 1873 Resigned before a Senate vote.

Sen. Powell Clayton [R-AR, 1871-1877]

bribery & corruption resolved

Clayton faced an allegation of corruption while governor of Arkansas. On Feb. 26, 1873, the charges were dismissed. On Mar. 25, 1873, the Senate accepted the committee report 33-6.

Feb. 26, 1873 Charges were dismissed.
Mar. 25, 1873 Senate accepted the committee report 33-6

Rep. James Brooks [D-NY6, 1873-1875]

bribery & corruption censure resolved

Brooks faced an allegation of soliciting and accepting 50 shares of Credit Mobilier stock at undervalued price. On Feb. 13, 1873, a special committee recommended expulsion. On Feb. 27, 1873, the House of Representatives censured him, 174-32.

Feb. 13, 1873 Special committee recommended expulsion.
Feb. 27, 1873 House of Representatives censured, 174-32

Rep. Oakes Ames [R-MA2, 1865-1873]

bribery & corruption censure resolved

Ames faced an allegation of selling $33 million in Credit Mobilier stock to members of Congress and officials of the executive branch at undervalued price with intent to influence votes and decisions of the members. On Feb. 18, 1873, a special committee recommended expulsion but the Judiciary committee recommended against expulsion because the acts in question occurred three years before his election to the 42nd Congress. On Feb. 27, 1873, the House of Representatives censured him, 182- 36.

Feb. 18, 1873 Special committee recommended expulsion but the Judiciary committee recommended against expulsion because the acts in question occurred three years before his election to the 42nd Congress.
Feb. 27, 1873 House of Representatives censured, 182- 36

Rep. Roderick Butler [R-TN1, 1887-1889]

bribery & corruption censure resolved

Butler faced an allegation of accepting money for recommending appointment to military academy. On Mar. 16, 1870, the Committee on Military Affairs recommended censure. On Mar. 16, 1870, the House of Representatives censured him, 150-0.

Mar. 16, 1870 Committee on Military Affairs recommended censure.
Mar. 16, 1870 House of Representatives censured, 150-0

Rep. John Deweese [R-NC4, 1867-1871]

bribery & corruption censure resignation resolved

Deweese faced an allegation of accepting money for recommending appointment to military academy. On Feb. 28, 1870, he resigned. On Mar. 1, 1870, the Committee on Military Affairs recommended censure and the House of Representatives censured him, 170-0.

Feb. 28, 1870 Resigned.
Mar. 1, 1870 Committee on Military Affairs recommended censure.
Mar. 1, 1870 House of Representatives censured,170-0

Sen. Hiram Revels [R-MS, 1870-1871]

campaign & elections resolved

Revels faced an allegation of, officially, not holding citizenship for the required nine years at the time of presenting his credentials to the Senate on February 23, 1870 in order to become the first black American to serve there. However, based on the racist arguments offered during debate on the issue, the allegation was actually that he was black. On Feb. 25, 1870, the Senate voted to accept his credentials 48-8.

Feb. 25, 1870 Senate voted to accept his credentials 48-8.

Rep. Benjamin Whittemore [R-SC1, 1867-1871]

bribery & corruption censure resignation exclusion resolved

Whittemore faced an allegation of selling appointments to military academies. On Feb. 21, 1870, the Committee on Military Affairs recommended expulsion. On Feb. 24, 1870, the House of Representatives censured him, 187-0. On Jun. 21, 1870, he resigned prior to censure, but then was reelected to the same session of the House and then excluded from the House again, 130-76.

Feb. 21, 1870 Committee on Military Affairs recommended expulsion.
Feb. 24, 1870 House of Representatives censured, 187-0
Jun. 21, 1870 Resigned prior to censure, but then was reelected to the same session of the House and then excluded from the House again, 130-76.

Rep. Edward Holbrook [D-ID-1, 1865-1869]

ethics violation censure resolved

Holbrook faced an allegation of accusing another member of lying during debate on February 4, 1869. On Feb. 4, 1869, he was censured by the Speaker with no recorded vote.

Feb. 4, 1869 Censured by the Speaker with no recorded vote.

Rep. Fernando Wood [D-NY-1, 1881-1883]

ethics violation censure resolved

Wood faced an allegation of describing Reconstruction legislation as a “monstrosity” on January 15, 1868 and that day the House of Representatives censured him, 114-39.

Jan. 15, 1868 House of Representatives censured, 114-39

Rep. John Hunter [D-NY3, 1865-1867]

ethics violation censure resolved

Hunter faced an allegation of accusing another member of lying during debate on January 26, 1867 and on that day the House of Representatives censured him, 77-33.

Jan. 26, 1867 House of Representatives censured, 77-33

Rep. Lovell Rousseau [U-KY5, 1865-1867]

other crimes censure resignation resolved

Rep. Rousseau faced an allegation of assaulting Rep. Grinnell with a cane outside the Capitol for an alleged insult spoken in debate. On Jul. 2, 1866, a special committee recommended expulsion. On Jul. 17, 1866, the House of Representatives censured him, 89-30. On Jul. 21, 1866, he resigned. On Dec. 3, 1866, he was re-elected to fill the vacancy his own resignation created.

Jul. 2, 1866 Special committee recommended expulsion.
Jul. 17, 1866 House of Representatives censured, 89-30
Jul. 21, 1866 Resigned.
Dec. 3, 1866 Re-elected to fill the vacancy his own resignation created.

Rep. John Chanler [D-NY7, 1865-1869]

ethics violation censure resolved

Chanler faced an allegation of “[A]ttempted a gross insult to the House” by proposing a resolution supporting vetoes issued by President Johnson on May 14, 1864 and on the same day the House of Representatives censured him, 72-30.

May. 14, 1866 House of Representatives censured, 72-30

Rep. Alexander Long [D-OH2, 1863-1865]

ethics violation censure resolved

Long faced an allegation of supporting recognition of the independence of the Confederacy in speech on floor of the House on April 8, 1864 and on the same day the House of Representatives censured him, 80- 70.

Apr. 14, 1864 House of Representatives censured, 80- 70

Rep. Benjamin Harris [D-MD5, 1865-1867]

ethics violation censure resolved

Harris faced an allegation of encouraging the Confederacy on April 9, 1864 during House debate on resolution to expel Long. On Apr. 14, 1864, the House of Representatives censured him, 98-20.

Apr. 14, 1864 House of Representatives censured, 98-20

Rep. Henry Burnett [D-KY1, 1861-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Burnett faced an allegation of open rebellion against the government of the United States. On Dec. 3, 1861, the House of Representatives expelled him, but no vote recorded.

Dec. 3, 1861 House of Representatives expelled him, but no vote recorded

Rep. John Reid [D-MO5, 1861-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Reid faced an allegation of taking up arms against the government of the United States. On Dec. 2, 1861, the House of Representatives expelled him, but no vote recorded).

Dec. 2, 1861 House of Representatives expelled him, but no vote recorded

Rep. John Clark [D-MO3, 1861-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Clark faced an allegation of taking up arms against the government of the United States. On Jul. 13, 1861, the House of Representatives expelled him, 94-45.

Jul. 13, 1861 House of Representatives expelled, 94-45

Sen. James Simmons [R-RI, 1857-1863]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

Simmons faced an allegation of corruption. On Jul. 14, 1862, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended that Senate take such action as it deemed appropriate, but also that the charges were all true. On Aug. 15, 1862, he resigned.

Jul. 14, 1862 Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended that Senate take such action as it deemed appropriate, but also that the charges were all true
Aug. 15, 1862 Resigned.

Sen. Benjamin Stark [D-OR, 1861-1863]

other crimes resolved

Stark faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Feb. 27, 1862, the Senate voted to seat him 26-19 since his public statements came before he was in the Senate. On Feb. 28, 1862, Stark requested another investigation, presumably to more fully exonerate him. On Apr. 22, 1862, the committee reported that based on Stark's public statements, he supported the rebellion and Charles Sumner introduced a resolution to expel him. On Jun. 6, 1862, the Senate expulsion vote was defeated 21-16, apparently because Stark had only a few more months to serve.

Feb. 27, 1862 Senate voted to seat him 26-19 since his public statements came before he was in the Senate.
Feb. 28, 1862 Stark requested another investigation, presumably to more fully exonerate him.
Apr. 22, 1862 Committee reported that based on Stark's public statements, he supported the rebellion and Charles Sumner introduced a resolution to expel him.
Jun. 6, 1862 Senate expulsion vote was defeated 21-16, apparently because Stark had only a few more months to serve

Sen. Jesse Bright [D-IN, 1857-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Bright faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jan. 13, 1862, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended against expulsion. On Feb. 5, 1863, the Senate expelled him, 32-14.

Jan. 13, 1862 Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended against expulsion.
Feb. 5, 1863 Senate expelled 32-14

Sen. Waldo Johnson [D-MO, 1861-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Johnson faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jan. 9, 1862, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended expulsion since he had not appeared that session and was rumored to be a Confederate officer. On Jan. 10, 1862, the Senate expelled him, 35-0.

Jan. 9, 1862 Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended expulsion since he had not appeared that session and was rumored to be a Confederate officer.
Jan. 10, 1862 Senate expelled, 35-0

Sen. Trusten Polk [D-MO, 1857-1863]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Polk faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jan. 9, 1862, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended expulsion since he had not appeared that session and had written public letters urging Missouri to secede. On Jan. 10, 1862, the Senate expelled him, 36-0.

Jan. 9, 1862 Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended expulsion since he had not appeared that session and had written public letters urging Missouri to secede.
Jan. 10, 1862 Senate expelled, 36-0

Sen. Lazarus Powell [D-KY, 1859-1865]

other crimes resolved

Powell faced an allegation of support for the Confederate rebellion. On Mar. 12, 1862, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended against expulsion. On Mar. 14, 1862, the Senate expulsion was defeated, 11-28

Mar. 12, 1862 Senate Committee on the Judiciary recommended against expulsion.
Mar. 14, 1862 Senate expulsion was defeated, 11-28

Sen. John Breckinridge [D-KY, 1861-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Breckinridge faced an allegation of disloyalty to the union. On Dec. 4, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 36-0.

Dec. 4, 1861 Senate expelled, 36-0

Sen. James Mason [D-VA, 1857-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Mason faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Robert Hunter [D-VA, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Hunter faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Thomas Clingman [D-NC, 1858-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Clingman faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Thomas Bragg [D-NC, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Bragg faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. James Chesnut [D-SC, 1858-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Chesnut faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Alfred Nicholson [D-TN, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Nicholson faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. William Sebastian [D-AR, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Sebastian faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Charles Mitchel [D-AR, 1861-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Mitchel faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. John Hemphill [D-TX, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Hemphill faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Louis Wigfall [D-TX, 1859-1861]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Wigfall faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Jul. 11, 1861, the Senate expelled him, 32-10.

Jul. 11, 1861 Senate expelled, 32-10

Sen. Clement Clay [D-AL, 1859-1861]

other crimes resolved

Clay faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Robert Toombs [D-GA, 1859-1861]

other crimes resolved

Toombs faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Jefferson Davis [D-MS, 1857-1861]

other crimes resolved

Davis faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Albert Brown [D-MS, 1859-1861]

other crimes resolved

Brown faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Stephen Mallory [D-FL, 1857-1861]

other crimes resolved

Mallory faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Judah Benjamin [D-LA, 1859-1861]

other crimes resolved

Benjamin faced an allegation of disloyalty to the Union. On Mar. 4, 1861, the Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession.

Mar. 4, 1861 Senate voted to pronounce his seat vacant after he withdrew from the Senate in the wake of Secession

Sen. Henry Rice [D-MN, 1858-1863]

bribery & corruption resolved

Rice faced an allegation of corruption prior to Senate term. On Jun. 9, 1858, the Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia reported that while he did charge more for land he sold as agent than was recorded on receipts, that this was not disqualifying and no further action was taken.

Jun. 9, 1858 Committee on Military Affairs and the Militia reported that while he did charge more for land he sold as agent than was recorded on receipts, that this was not disqualifying and no further action was taken

Rep. Orsamus Matteson [R-NY20, 1857-1859]

bribery & corruption resolved

Matteson faced an allegation of corruption during a preceding Congress. On Mar. 22, 1858, a special committee recommended no further action. On Mar. 22, 1858, the expulsion resolution was tabled, 96-69.

Mar. 22, 1858 Special committee recommended no further action.
Mar. 22, 1858 Expulsion resolution was tabled, 96-69.

Sen. Simon Cameron [R-PA, 1873-1877]

campaign & elections resolved

Cameron faced an allegation of election irregularities and electoral misconduct. On Mar. 9, 1857, Cameron asked for a Judiciary Committee investigation. On Mar. 13, 1857, the Senate Committee on the Judiciary dismissed the charges.

Mar. 9, 1857 Cameron asked for a Judiciary Committee investigation.
Mar. 13, 1857 Senate Committee on the Judiciary dismissed the charges

Rep. Francis Edwards [A-NY33, 1855-1857]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

Edwards faced an allegation of accepting money for supporting legislation. On Feb. 19, 1857, a special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report. On Feb. 28, 1857, the House of Representatives expulsion resolution was tabled after his resignation.

Feb. 19, 1857 Special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report.
Feb. 28, 1857 House of Representatives expulsion resolution was tabled after his resignation

Rep. Orsamus Matteson [R-NY20, 1857-1859]

bribery & corruption censure resignation resolved

Matteson faced an allegation of “defam[ing] character of House” by accepting money in exchange for supporting the Minnesota land bill. On Feb. 19, 1857, a special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report, but the minority report found committee lacked jurisdiction. On Feb. 27, 1857, the House of Representatives censured him, 145-17 while the expulsion resolution was tabled. On Feb. 27, 1857, he resigned prior to House action; reelected later in 1857.

Feb. 19, 1857 Special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report, but the minority report found committee lacked jurisdiction.
Feb. 27, 1857 House of Representatives censured him, 145-17 while the expulsion resolution was tabled
Feb. 27, 1857 Resigned prior to House action; reelected later in 1857.

Rep. William Gilbert [I-NY23, 1855-1857]

bribery & corruption resignation resolved

Gilbert faced an allegation of accepting money for supporting the Minnesota land bill. On Feb. 19, 1857, a special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report. On Feb. 28, 1857, in the House of Representatives the expulsion resolution was tabled after his resignation.

Feb. 19, 1857 Special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report.
Feb. 28, 1857 House of Representatives expulsion resolution was tabled after his resignation

Rep. William Welch [A-CT4, 1855-1857]

bribery & corruption resolved

Welch faced an allegation of accepting money for supporting the Minnesota land bill. On Feb. 19, 1857, a special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report. On Feb. 28, 1857, the House of Representatives found insufficient evidence to expel him, 119-42.

Feb. 19, 1857 Special committee recommended expulsion in the majority report.
Feb. 28, 1857 House of Representatives found insufficient evidence to expel, 119-42

Rep. Laurence Keitt [D-SC3, 1859-1861]

other crimes censure resignation resolved

Keitt faced an allegation of complicity in the assault on Sumner. On Jun. 2, 1856, a select committee recommended censure in a majority report. On Jul. 15, 1856, the House of Representatives censured him, 106-96. On Jul. 16, 1856, he resigned after the vote. On Aug. 6, 1856, he was reelected.

Jun. 2, 1856 Select committee recommended censure in a majority report.
Jul. 15, 1856 House of Representatives censured 106-96
Jul. 16, 1856 Resigned after the vote.
Aug. 6, 1856 Reelected.

Rep. Henry Edmundson [D-VA12, 1859-1861]

other crimes resolved

Edmundson faced an allegation of complicity in assault on Sumner. On Jun. 2, 1856, a select committee recommended censure in a majority report. On Jul. 15, 1856, the House of Representatives censure resolution failed, 60-136.

Jun. 2, 1856 Select committee recommended censure in a majority report.
Jul. 15, 1856 House of Representatives censure resolution failed, 60-136

Rep. Preston Brooks [D-SC-1, 1857-1859]

other crimes resignation resolved

Brooks faced an allegation of assaulting Sen. Sumner on the Senate floor after the Senate had adjourned for the day. On Jun. 2, 1856, a select committee recommended expulsion. On Jul. 14, 1856, the House of Representatives failed to expel him, 121-95. On Jul. 15, 1856, he resigned after the expulsion vote. On Aug. 1, 1856, he was re-elected to fill the vacancy he created.

Jun. 2, 1856 Select committee recommended expulsion.
Jul. 14, 1856 House of Representatives failed expel, 121-95
Jul. 15, 1856 Resigned after the expulsion vote.
Aug. 1, 1856 Re-elected to fill the vacancy he created.

Rep. Philemon Herbert [D-CA-1, 1855-1857]

other crimes resolved

Herbert faced an allegation of fatally shooting a hotel waiter who refused him after-hours breakfast service for which he was arrested on May 8, 1856 and imprisoned prior to trial. On May. 15, 1856, the House of Representatives tabled the resolution to refer the case to Judiciary Committee, 79-70. In Jan. 1856, he was acquitted.

May. 15, 1856 House of Representatives tabled the resolution to refer the case to Judiciary Committee, 79-70
July 1856 Acquitted.

Rep. Thomas Benton [D-MO1, 1853-1855]

ethics violation resolved

Benton faced an allegation of breach of comity on April 17, 1850 for threatening Foote. On Jun. 30, 1850, a committee recommended no further action against Benton or Foote since Foote had no intention of actually shooting and Benton had been threatening but hadn't acted.

Jun. 30, 1850 Committee recommended no further action against Benton or Foote since Foote had no intention of actually shooting and Benton had been threatening but hadn't acted.

Sen. Henry Foote [D-MS, 1847-1853]

ethics violation resolved

Foote faced an allegation of breach of comity on April 17, 1850 when, feeling threatened by Benton, Foote started brandishing his pistol. On Jun. 30, 1850, a committee recommended no further action against Benton or Foote since Foote had no intention of actually shooting and Benton had been threatening but hadn't acted.

Jun. 30, 1850 Committee recommended no further action against Benton or Foote since Foote had no intention of actually shooting and Benton had been threatening but hadn't acted.

Sen. James Shields [D-MO, 1879-1879]

campaign & elections resolved

Shields faced an allegation of not yet being a United States citizen. On Mar. 15, 1849, the Senate declared the election void based on the committee's recommendation since Shields was indeed six months short of the required period for residency and naturalization.

Mar. 15, 1849 Senate declared the election void based on the committee's recommendation since Shields was indeed six months short of the required period for residency and naturalization

Sen. John Clayton [I-DE, 1853-1857]

other crimes resolved

Clayton faced an allegation of disloyalty to the United States during negotiations on the boundary of Oregon Territory in newspaper articles. On Mar. 16, 1846, a committee exonerated all senators (and the Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Mar. 16, 1846 Committee exonerated all senators (and Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Sen. Spencer Jarnagin [W-TN, 1843-1847]

other crimes resolved

Jarnagin faced an allegation of disloyalty to the United States during negotiations on the boundary of Oregon Territory in newspaper articles. On Mar. 16, 1846, a committee exonerated all senators (and the Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Mar. 16, 1846 Committee exonerated all senators (and Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Sen. Walter Colquitt [D-GA, 1843-1849]

other crimes resolved

Colquitt faced an allegation of disloyalty to the United States during negotiations on the boundary of Oregon Territory in newspaper articles. On Mar. 16, 1846, committee exonerated all senators (and Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Mar. 16, 1846 Committee exonerated all senators (and Senate agreed) and expelled the newspaper from the Senate gallery after the publisher admitted he didn't know if what he printed was true or not.

Sen. Benjamin Tappan [D-OH, 1839-1845]

ethics violation censure resolved

Tappan faced an allegation of violation of injunction of secrecy regarding President Tyler's terms for an agreement on the annexation of Texas. On May. 8, 1844, when a select committee reported to the full Senate, Senator Archer submitted a resolution for expulsion. On Aug. 10, 1844, the Senate adopted a substitute resolution of censure, 38-7.

May. 8, 1844 When a select committee reported to the full Senate, Senator Archer submitted a resolution for expulsion.
Aug. 10, 1844 Senate adopted a substitute resolution of censure, 38-7

Rep. Joshua Giddings [R-OH20, 1857-1859]

ethics violation censure resignation resolved

Giddings faced an allegation of violating House "gag rule" on slavery discussions by introducing a series of resolutions defending a slave rebellion aboard the Creole, a ship that had sailed from Virginia carrying 135 persons to be sold in New Orleans. On Mar. 22, 1842, the House of Representatives censured him, 125-69. On Mar. 22, 1842, he resigned. On May. 5, 1842, he was re-elected to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation.

Mar. 22, 1842 House of Representatives censured, 125-69
Mar. 22, 1842 Resigned.
May. 5, 1842 Re-elected to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation.

Rep. John Adams [W-MA8, 1847-1849]

ethics violation resolved

Adams faced an allegation of breaching of privileges of the House by presenting a petition to the House from his constituents regarding dissolution of the Union on January 24, 1842. On Feb. 7, 1842, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 106-93.

Feb. 7, 1842 House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 106-93

Rep. Alexander Duncan [D-OH1, 1843-1845]

ethics violation resolved

Duncan faced an allegation of violating privileges of the House by publishing remarks in a newspaper insulting to another member on February 19, 1839. On Feb. 22, 1839, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution.

Feb. 22, 1839 House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution

Sen. John Ruggles [D-ME, 1835-1841]

bribery & corruption resolved

Ruggles faced an allegation of corruption in using Senatorial influence to secure positive outcomes for a patent application. On Apr. 12, 1838, Ruggles effectively discredited his accuser and the committee reported that the charges should be dismissed. On Apr. 25, 1838, the Senate agreed with the committtee.

Apr. 12, 1838 Ruggles effectively discredited his accuser and the committee reported that the charges should be dismissed.
Apr. 25, 1838 Senate agreed with the committtee

Rep. William Graves [W-KY8, 1839-1841]

other crimes resolved

Graves faced an allegation of breach of the privileges of the House because on February 24, 1838 he killed Jonathan Cilley in a duel over words spoken in debate while Wise acted as a second. On Apr. 21, 1838, the Select Committee of Investigation recommended expulsion for Graves and censure for Wise. On May. 10, 1838, the House of Representatives tabled the expulsion resolution .

Apr. 21, 1838 Select Committee of Investigation recommended expulsion for Graves and censure for Wise.
May. 10, 1838 House of Representatives tabled the expulsion resolution

Rep. Henry Wise [D-VA7, 1843-1845]

other crimes resolved

Wise faced an allegation of breach of the privileges of the House because on February 24, 1838 Graves killed Jonathan Cilley in a duel over words spoken in debate while Wise acted as a second. On Apr. 21, 1838, the Select Committee of Investigation recommended expulsion for Graves and censure for Wise. On May. 10, 1838, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution.

Apr. 21, 1838 Select Committee of Investigation recommended expulsion for Graves and censure for Wise
May. 10, 1838 House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution

Rep. John Adams [W-MA8, 1847-1849]

ethics violation resolved

Adams faced an allegation of gross disrespect on February 6, 1837 because Adams violated the House "gag rule" on slavery discussions by requesting to present a petition to the House purported to be from slaves. Adams knew a censure resolution would require debate for a vote and thus would provide a way around the gag rule. On Feb. 9, 1837, the House of Representatives withdrew the censure resolution, 21-137.

Feb. 9, 1837 House of Representatives withdrew the censure resolution, 21-137

Rep. Sherrod Williams [W-KY4, 1839-1841]

ethics violation resolved

Williams faced an allegation of insulting the chair of the Committee of the Whole during debate by yelling "I shall not take my seat. You take yours!" and "I call you to order!" on July 2, 1836. On Jul. 4, 1836, the House of Representatives informally censured him, then later revoked the censure.

Jul. 4, 1836 House of Representatives informally censured him, then later revoked the censure

Sen. George Poindexter [J-MS, 1830-1835]

other crimes resolved

Poindexter faced an allegation of conspiracy to assassinate President Andrew Jackson. On Feb. 23, 1835, Poindexter requested an investigation, and if the charges were proved, to be expelled from the Senate. On Mar. 2, 1835, the Senate voted 41-0 to accept the committee's recommendation to dismiss charges.

Feb. 23, 1835 Senate Poindexter requested an investigation, and if the charges were proved, to be expelled from the Senate.
Mar. 2, 1835 Senate voted 41-0 to accept the committee's recommendation to dismiss charges

Rep. John Adams [W-MA8, 1847-1849]

ethics violation resolved

Adams faced an allegation of committing a breach of the rules of the House by refusing to vote on Stanbery censure after having his application to be excused from the vote rejected on July 11, 1832. On Jul. 12, 1832, the House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 89-63.

Jul. 12, 1832 House of Representatives tabled the censure resolution, 89-63

Rep. William Stanbery [A-OH8, 1831-1833]

ethics violation censure resolved

Stanbery faced an allegation of insulting the Speaker during floor debate on July 9, 1832 by saying the House Speaker was too focused on trying to become Speaker. On Jul. 11, 1832, the House of Representatives censured him, 92- 44.

Jul. 11, 1832 House of Representatives censured, 92- 44

Sen. Ephraim Bateman [A-NJ, 1826-1829]

ethics violation resolved

Bateman faced an allegation of casting the deciding vote for himself in his election, which it was suggested was improper. On May. 22, 1828, the Senate committee recommended no further action and the Senate agreed. On Jan. 12, 1829, he resigned due to ill health and died on the 28th.

May. 22, 1828 Senate committee recommended no further action and the Senate agreed.
Jan. 12, 1829 Resigned due to ill health and died on the 28th.

Rep. Timothy Pickering [F-MA2, 1815-1817]

ethics violation censure resolved

Pickering faced an allegation of reading confidential documents in open Senate session on December 31, 1810 without realizing the injunction of secrecy had not been removed. On Dec. 31, 1810, the Senate introduced a resolution of censure. On Jan. 2, 1811, the Senate censured him, 20-7 In 1811, he lost the election.

Dec. 31, 1810 Senate introduced a resolution of censure.
Jan. 2, 1811 Senate censured, 20-7
1811 Lost the election.

Sen. John Smith [R-OH, 1803-1809]

other crimes resignation resolved

Smith faced an allegation of involvement in Aaron Burr's plot to lead the western territories in rebellion. On Dec. 31, 1807, a commitee reported that it looked like Smith was involved, but did not recommend any specific action. On Apr. 9, 1808, the Senate expulsion failed, 19-10 (one vote short of the 2/3 majority needed). On Apr. 25, 1808, he resigned.

Dec. 31, 1807 Commitee reported that it looked like Smith was involved, but did not recommend any specific action.
Apr. 9, 1808 Senate expulsion failed, 19-10 (one vote short of the 2/3 majority needed).
Apr. 25, 1808 Resigned.

Rep. Matthew Lyon [R-KY1, 1807-1811]

other crimes conviction in court resolved

Lyon faced an allegation of violating Sedition Act on October 9, 1798 by accusing President John Adams of having a taste for excessive pomp, for which he was convicted and fined and served four months in prison while a member of the House. On Feb. 22, 1799, the House of Representatives failed to expel him, 49-45. In 1799, he was re-elected after conviction and while still in jail.

Feb. 22, 1799 House of Representatives failed to expel, 49-45
1799 Re-elected after conviction and while still in jail.

Sen. William Blount [R-TN, 1796-1797]

other crimes expulsion resolved

Blount committed disloyalty to the United States by attempting to start a war between the Creek, Cherokee, and Spain in order to transfer land to Great Britain. On Jul. 8, 1797, the Senate expelled him, 25-1 and ordered him to appear on July 10 for impeachment, which he promised to do, but did not. On Dec. 17, 1798, the Senate held an impeachment trial in the Senate and in absentia, but the resolution of impeachment failed.

Jul. 3, 1797 President John Adams sent an incriminating letter of Blount's to the Senate and the House demanding Blount's impeachment and conviction.
Jul. 6, 1797 Senate committee reported a recommendation that Blount be expelled.
Jul. 8, 1797 House of Representatives demanded that the Senate suspend Blount from his seat and guarantee his appearance at an impeachment trial.
Jul. 8, 1797 Senate expelled 25-1 and ordered to appear on July 10 for impeachment, which he promised to do, but did not.
Dec. 17, 1798 Senate held an impeachment trial in the Senate and in absentia, but the resolution that he was impeachable failed

Rep. Roger Griswold [F-CT-1, 1805-1807]

ethics violation resolved

Griswold faced an allegation of “disorderly behavior” when, incensed that the House failed to expel Lyon for spitting tobacco juice at him in January and unsatisfied with Lyon's apology, Griswold attacked Lyon on February 15, 1798 with a cane while Lyon defended himself with a pair of fireplace tongs. On Feb. 23, 1798, the House of Representatives failed to censure either member, 47-48.

Feb. 16, 1798 Both members pledged to keep the peace.
Feb. 20, 1798 Committee on Privileges recommended against expulsion.
Feb. 23, 1798 House of Representatives failed to censure either member, 47-48

Rep. Matthew Lyon [R-KY1, 1807-1811]

ethics violation resolved

Lyon faced an allegation of “disorderly behavior” when, incensed that the House failed to expel Lyon for spitting tobacco juice at him in January and unsatisfied with Lyon's apology, Griswold attacked Lyon on February 15, 1798 with a cane while Lyon defended himself with a pair of fireplace tongs. On Feb. 23, 1798, the House of Representatives failed to censure either member, 47-48.

Feb. 16, 1798 Both members pledged to keep the peace.
Feb. 20, 1798 Committee on Privileges recommended against expulsion
Feb. 23, 1798 House of Representatives failed to censure either member, 47-48

Rep. Matthew Lyon [R-KY1, 1807-1811]

ethics violation resolved

Lyon faced an allegation of spitting tobacco juice at Griswold on January 30, 1798. On Feb. 2, 1798, the Committee on Privileges recommended expulsion. On Feb. 1, 1798, he sent a letter of apology. On Feb. 12, 1798, the House of Representatives failed to censure him, 44-52 and failed to expel him, 52-44.

Feb. 2, 1798 Committee on Privileges recommended expulsion
Feb. 1, 1798 Letter of apology.
Feb. 12, 1798 House of Representatives failed to censure him, 44-52 and failed to expel him, 52-44

Sen. Humphrey Marshall [F-KY, 1795-1801]

ethics violation resolved

Marshall faced an allegation of misconduct prior to serving in the Senate. On Mar. 11, 1796, having requested the investigation in order to clear his name of the informal charges of perjury, the committee reported that since there were no charges, there was nothing to investigate and the Senate should take no further action. On Mar. 22, 1796, the Senate voted 16-7 to investigate no further.

Mar. 11, 1796 Having requested the investigation in order to clear his name of the informal charges of perjury, the committee reported that since there were no charges, there was nothing to investigate and the Senate should take no further action.
Mar. 22, 1796 Senate voted 16-7 to investigate no further